At Bartlett School of Architecture, WASP’s technology has been used to create a climate responsive 3D printed facade

At Bartlett School of Architecture at UCL (University College London), Monisha Sridhara has developed a unique climate-responsive ceramic 3D printed system inspired from traditional stone-carved Jaali screens, that is able to provide light and heat control, and enhance ventilation.

The project, named ‘Ceram-Screens‘, was listed 5th in the architectural build category of Material Source‘s article, “Top 24 3D Print Projects and Practitioners for 2024“.

The modules were printed in clay using the Delta WASP 40100 Clay inside Bartlett School’s laboratories, and later showcased at the Bartlett Fifteen Show.

Creating a light and heat control system with ceramic 3D printing

The project Ceram-Screens by Monisha Sridhara draws inspiration from traditional stone-carved Jaali screens, commonly found in Indian architecture. These ornamental structures serve a dual function, providing light and heat control by reducing solar glare and enhancing ventilation.

Originally crafted from natural materials like stone and wood, their intricate design is meant to produce cooler air by utilizing the principle of contraction—allowing hot air to contract as it passes through their small openings, becoming cooler.

Extensive standardization and industrialization have led to the loss of the artisan skill originally required for this technique, that has since loss its original function flexibility and character.

The aim of the project is to restore this traditional technique through the utilization of ceramic 3D printing, a production system that allows for full customization and replicability, overcoming the limitations established by standardized manufacturing methods.

The study explores the potential of additive manufacturing to enhance current construction techniques and create improved spaces and façades in terms of interior lighting, ventilation, and privacy.

After a process of experimentation, the chosen shape for the module was a frustum conical form with an opening at the bottom, capable of redirecting both wind flow and light while maintaining visual privacy.

A 3D model was developed for specific data testing, such as micro-climatic conditions, façade orientation, solar radiation, and wind velocity analysis.

Project credits

Title: Ceram-Screens

Authors: Monisha Sridhara

Master’s thesis in Design for Manufacture at Bartlett School of ArchitectureUCL

Tutor: Arthur Prior

Photo credits: Monisha Sridhara

Professional LDM 3D Printing

Discover Delta WASP 40100 Clay, the professional 3D printer for paste-based materials that students are using at the Bartlett School of Architecture in UCL. With Delta WASP 40100 Clay It’s possible to print directly on the floor or on a printing surface removable steel. You can also continue printing without waiting for the piece to dry and simply by moving the printer.

Delta WASP 40100 Clay