WASP Matteo Viviani

Le Iene Show at WASP

The italian intelligence to win against the virus

The good of technology at the service of humanity.

The "Iena" Matteo Viviani went here in WASP to meet Massimo Moretti, CEO, to talk about the medical devices that were designed and produced to fight Covid-19. First he gave a look at Gaia, the first 3D earth printed house, then he tried MY SPACE HELMET, our drip protection ventilated helmet with an integrated filter.

Watch here the report dedicated to the WASP technology from the minute 8 (in Italian).

WASP al tg3 emilia-romagna

WASP at TGR 3 Emilia Romagna

WASP on the front line against Covid-19

The good of technology in the service of humanity.

The Journalist Mattia Martini talks about WASP's technological innovation in 3d printing against Covid-19 with MY FACE MASK , a custom 3D printed mask , and MYSPACE , protective helmet.

WASP al tg3 emilia-romagna

Watch here the report on WASP technology from the minute15.20 .

HOT & COLD Technology - cc

Hot & Cold Technology is the new system of active controlling the printing thermal conditions.

Thanks to an efficient way of heating by two internal heat sources, it is possible to ensure work temperatures up to 80 °C, without burdening the mechanical parts of the machine.

The innovative air cooling system allows keeping the temperatures below the critical threshold of cladding materials.


The opening scenarios are extremely interesting on the light of raising request of technical materials and application ever different. WASP takes this challenge, supporting the user in the choice of extrusion systems and offering specific solutions to meet the needs of different customers.

Creative Commons License

We stress on declaring that  Hot & Cold Technology, protected by Creative Commons, is now relieved.

We declare this as being a technological innovation, a useful project; Wasp states the know-how sharing. We trust on unwritten but world-wide shared Makers rules . The approach which better corresponds to our vision is  Creative Commons, because it foresees the publication of assimilated knowledge reducing like that the exploitation from a commercial point of view.

Licenza Creative Commons

Hot & Cold Technology   is distribuited with License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International.

The world's first 3D Printed biodigital living sculputers featuring at the Centre Pompidou in Paris

The CREATE Group from the University of Southern Denmark and WASP Hub Denmark announces the completion of H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxathin.g, the world´s first 3D Printed biodigital living sculputers, designed by ecoLogicStudio and developed in a research partnership with and the Synthetic Landscape Lab at Innsbruck University. The work is featured in the exhibition “Le Fabrique du Vivant” at the Centre Pompidou in Paris from 20 February to 15 April 2019. The show, part of Mutations-Créations series and curated by Marie-Ange Brayer with Olivier Zeitoun, retraces the archaeology of the living and of artificial life. The installation is intended as speculative 1:1 scale prototype of living architecture, a new generation of thick biophilic architectural skin receptive to urban life. The structure is designed algorithmically and produced by means of large-scale high-resolution 3D printing.

About the Project

In H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g, a digital algorithm simulates the growth of a substratum inspired by coral morphology. This is physically deposited by 3D printing machines in layers of 400 microns, supported by triangular units of 46 mm and divided into hexagonal blocks of 18.5 cm. Photosynthetic Cyanobacteria are inoculated on a biogel medium into the individual triangular cells, or bio-pixel, forming the units of biological intelligence of the system. Their metabolisms, powered by photosynthesis, convert radiation into actual oxygen and biomass. The density value of each bio-pixel is digitally computed in order to optimally arrange the photosynthetic organisms along iso-surfaces of increased incoming radiation. Among the oldest organisms on Earth, cyanobacteria's unique biological intelligence is gathered as part of a new form of bio-digital architecture.

The visitors of the exhibition will move freely around and inside the installation, observing the bio-digital landscape made of protuberant 3D printed geometries and engaging in an exchange with the micro-algae. The micro-organisms will absorb the carbon dioxide produced by human breathing and transform it into oxygen in a process that also creates biomass, useful for the production of bioplastic material and energy.

3D Printed System Development and Production

The CREATE Group and WASP Hub Denmark from SDU have contributed to the development of the 3D printed system and the digital fabrication of the structure: “In this jointed research, biological and digital strategies are fused together to conceive a novel model of architecture, able to contribute positively to the urban environment”, explains Roberto Naboni, Assistant Professor at the University of Southern Denmark (SDU). The experimental structure is composed of 185 different construction components which are entirely produced by Delta WASP 3D Printers for a total of 1780 hours and 271 kgs in weight, in between the CREATE Lab/WASP Hub Denmark, and the Synthetic Landscape Lab at Innsbruck University.

The biodigital living sculputers is printed in PETG thermoplastic and characterized by complex morphologies and high level of details. Each component has very differentiated geometry, which has required an individualized study to optimize the printing process for precision and speed. The overall printed structure performs as a symbiotic substratum for the internal proliferation of micro-algae on a biogel suspension and therefore is characterized by an external porous shell which favours the air exchange with the biological compound, high transparency to gain the needed light to run photosynthetic processes, and high chemical resistance. The construction system is based on reversible connections among the components which allow the easy relocation of the prototype.

In spring 2019, H.O.R.T.U.S. XL Astaxanthin.g will be exhibited at the MAK – Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna.na.

About the CREATE Group / WASP Hub Denmark

CREATE is the group for Computational Research in Emergent Architectural Technology, part of the Unit of Civil and Architectural Engineering (CAE) at the University of Southern Denmark. The group, founded and coordinated by Assistant Professor Roberto Naboni, explores novel architectural processes and solutions at the intersection with the fields of computer science, advanced manufacturing and emergent material technologies. The group also coordinates CAE’s activities in the field of Industry 4.0 for Constructions. In its physical infrastructure, the CREATE Lab, are studied future scenarios of architecture, from disruptive concepts to applied research, bringing together design and making through technology. CREATE Lab is the WASP Hub for Denmark and part of an international network of digital fabrication.


Design: ecoLogicStudio (Claudia Pasquero, Marco Poletto, Konstantinos Alexopoulos, Matteo Baldissarra, Michael Brewster)

Research partner for biological as well as 3D Printed systems and production development: Synthetic Landscape Lab, IOUD, Innsbruck University (Prof. Claudia Pasquero, Maria Kuptsova, Terezia Greskova, Emiliano Rando, Jens Burkart, Niko Jabadari, Simon Posch); Photosynthetica consortium (www.photosynthetica.co.uk)

Research partner for 3D Printed systems and production development: CREATE Group / WASP Hub Denmark - University of Southern Denmark (SDU) (Prof. Roberto Naboni, Furio Magaraggia)

Engineering: YIP structural engineering, Manja Van De Worp

Microalgal Medium Material Support: Ecoduna AG


Assistant Professor, Arch. Roberto Naboni

Simplify3D® compatible with all the WASP's 3D printers

Simplify3D® Software

Improve your print quality with the most powerful 3D printing software available. Simplify3D® provides complete control over your print settings, making it easier than ever to create high-quality 3D prints.
Start up quickly with pre-configured settings optimized for WASP 3D printers, review a simulation of your build sequence in the Preview Mode, and begin your 3D print with confidence. Total control means amazing 3D prints!

Simplify3D® Software is now available in our shop

  • The product is an electronic download that is emailed following your purchase.
  • The software is cross platform and can be installed on Windows, Mac OS X, or Linux systems.
  • The software is viewable in English, German, Spanish, Japanese, French or Italian.
  • System Requirements: Intel Pentium 4 or higher processor, 2GB or more of RAM. Windows XP or greater, Mac OS X 10.6 or greater, Ubuntu Linux 12.10 or greater. OpenGL 2.0 capable system. An internet connection is required for the installation and continued use of the software.

Simplify3D® Software and Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0

Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0 and Simplify3D® is a perfect match! The Simplify3D license is included with the purchase of our Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0 3D printer.
Expand your printing options with Simplify3D®, the powerful 3D printing software that gives you total control for amazing 3D prints.

muro stampato in 3d, terra

Viaggio a Shamballa

6 th and e 7 th October 2018
Crane WASP The infinite 3d printer

Presentation of the new technology for architectural 3d printing

We have been working on this project for 2 years in order to optimize and develop the technology and finally we are proud to introduce the WASP reached goal. Without forgetting our origin we look ahead towards the future and the result is a new 3d printer for architectural scale.

The Crane WASP  “ the infinite 3d printer” will be presented on 6 th and e 7 th October in Massa Lombarda.  A collaborative 3d printing system able to print Houses; it can be put in the “Maker Economy Starter Kit”; it prints material from the place of origin ( 0 km) taking example from our distinctive symbol: the potter wasp. During the event also the study-case of 2018 : Gaia will be presented. This is a the first module in soil ever realized with the 3d print- technology . It’s a structure obtain by soil straw and compost from food waste.

You can visit also the whole area with the working in progress and the progresses from the first “Shamballa” together with an exhibition of works realized belonging to the most different fields: House, Art, Energy, Digital Fabrication, Health, Food.

hero image credits: WASP hub Venezia

Our Press Office is directed by:
Maurizio Andreoli  press@3dwasp.com

Download here the press kit


Viaggio a Shamballa event 6th and 7th October 2018

First day 6th October 2018

Morning: Ex-Chiesa del Carmine via rustici 2 Massa Lombarda (RA) Italy 

Afternoon: via Castelletto 104 Massa Lombarda (RA) Italy 

Free Entry without reservation 


Conference Meeting:  on 6th October 2018 in  Massa Lombarda (RA) at Ex-Chiesa del Carmine

A CALL TO SAVE THE WORLD: Large-scale 3d printing and green building

The most important experts from all over the world meet to discuss the state of Art. WASP  launches a new proposal: the collaborative 3d printing system: the  WASP Crane or the infinite 3D printer.

GAIA the  2018 case study will be presented too. A Living module 3d printed with soil,  straw, and waste from food.  In the afternoon Visitors interested can experience the Technological park.


H 9.00 – 10.00 Registration and welcome

H 10.00 – 11.00  WASP introduction

from  Big Delta 12m to Wasp Crane the infinite –Massimo Moretti CEO

WASP Crane a collaborative 3d printing system  – WASP Team

GAIA a 3d  printed module in terrain and chaff – WASP Team & RICEHOUSE

H 11.00  coffee break

H 11.15 Guests- speeches  with  contemporary experience sharing from several groups involved in the  house3d printing

H 12.00  Round Table: exchange of know-how and experiences.

Moderator: Alessandro Ranellucci

H 13.00  lunch break

H  14.30  To the  WASP Technology Park / Via Castelletto 104 Massa Lombarda (Ra)

Press point: interviews – photos and videoes (for appointments and information please contact: ufficiostampa@wasproject.it)

Lecture by the President of the Emilia Romagna Region Stefano Bonaccini and the Mayor of Massa Lombarda Daniele Bassi

H  15.30  visiting the park: Travelling to Shamballa

  • Technical explanation of WASP Crane
  • Showing the 3d printed case-studies realized with the new Crane WASP: Gaia a soil 3d  printed module, Totem StarGate 3d printed with eco-friendly concrete, Mockup a wall section 3d printed.
  • Virtual reality with Artigitale: a great experience inside Shamballa

H 18.00 Techno Freak party nerds going crazy For those who want to have fun with us: Wasp Party!

Dj set by the artist  Marco Samorè

H 00.00  Silence

Former Church of Carmine in via Rustici 2 Massa Lombarda (RA)
CONFERENCE PROGRAM on Saturday 6th  October 2018
Large-scale 3d printing and green building
The major world leaders meet to talk about the state of art. WASP launches a new alternative: the  WASP Crane a  collaborative printing system also called the infinite 3D printer.
The case study 2018 will also be presented: GAIA the 3d printed housing module realized with soil and waste from the agri-food chain. In the second part of the day we will visit the module in the park where it has been built
H 9.00 – 10.00 registration
H 10.00 – 11.30 MASSIMO MORETTI and WASP Team
  • Motivation as our research Lodestar
    Presentation of the WASP project
  • Digital manufacturing to meet basic human needs; democratization of production capacity, as an alternative to the industrial economy.
  • Maker economy starter kit or the self-production economy: food, home, health, energy, digital crafts, art/culture.
Focus on one of the application filed: Home
  • From the Big Delta to the WASP Crane ; Why?
  • Modular and evolutionary system
  • Development of extrusion systems
  • Choice and development of materials for architectural applications
  • The house that  takes care of you, controlled release walls
  • Presentation of the Gaia project
Project exhibition
  • Material deposition logic to improve thermal and mechanical characteristics of printing on the ground
  • Multifunctional wall system: insulation, ventilation, plant engineering
  • Formulation of the biomaterial used for the 3D printing based on terrain at Km0
  • Waste Materials from the agri-food supply chain  used  with  Rice House
H 11.00 – coffee break
H 11.15 – Roundtable with Alessandro Ranellucci and guests from all over the world
The strength of the group, collective knowledge at  the collective good service
H 12.00 Some themes:
sharing knowledge or industrial secrets?
To be a pioneer or to follow innovation?
How to make this technology accept by the government regulations
Possible market outlets: consulting, services, equipment, construction …
A new aesthetic with new technology?
Approach to the legislation
Safety at work and 3d printing
Full 3D printing or mixed technique? integrated digital manufacturing
H 13.00 – Lunch break: list of affiliated sites
H 3.00 pm Meeting at via Castelletto 104 at WASP headquarters
H 15.30 Intervention by the President of the Emilia Romagna Region Stefano Bonaccini and the Mayor of Massa Lombarda Daniele Bassi
H 15.45 Field visit: Journey to Shamballa
 WASP Crane – technical explanation
Illustration of the case study printed with Crane WASP: Gaia housing module printed in 3d, Totem StarGate 3d printed in cement mortar, Mockup section of wall.
Virtual reality with Artigitale: a firsthand experience in Shamballa
H 17.30 Closing of the scientific section
H 5.45 Aperitif and Music

Viaggio a Shamballa 
Via Castelletto 104 Massa Lombarda (RA)

During the second day of the event, at the same time as the conferences and open workshops, it will be possible to visit the Shamballa spaces and learn more about the WASP reality.

h. 10:30
WASP Hub meeting

Round table
WASP Hubs are unique in their kind, at the forefront of technological research spread the vision of the project. They build a network in the world that investigates the themes: home, food, energy, digital crafts, art, health. Attend this exchange of experiences and projects to understand the possibilities and applications of 3D printing!

h. 14:30
Building houses on the ground, an ancient history that returns to current.
The first step: prepare the dough for the Crane WASP printer. As? With your hands and feet!
– explanation of the process
– the secrets of our recipe
– considerations on zero Km materials and addition of waste vegetable fibers
– preparation of barefoot dough
– printing of the mix prepared with Crane WASP
– necessary comfortable clothing, towel, paper and pen.

h. 16:00
The participants will become the protagonists and actors of the variables of this project. One body will lean against the other creating a single modular element that will be used for the 3D realization and the printing of a seat for collective spaces.

h. 16:30
Biomedical 3D printing, innovative solutions to help people. When technology and custom made are at the service and within everyone’s reach. Prosthetics, orthoses, clinical models and much more. Come and hear what it is!
– Jean Bassmaji – “A hand for Syria” the twinning with Damascus
– Alessandro Zomparelli – “Free software for medical applications”

h. 17:00
A preview of our participation at Maker Faire 2018. With Andrea Melò and Luca Tarlazzi we work on 3D printed sculptures in clay. The perfect meeting between art and technology. “
– introduction: how to print 3d clay? illustration of our products
– print templates
– finish and smoothing
– necessary comfortable clothing, paper and pen, sculpture tools.

h. 17:30
Angelo Mirabelli will illustrate the principles and the functioning of wind energy and how to make a 3D printed shovel.

h. 18:00
Do not miss the most appetizing moment of all. From the vertical vegetable garden to 360 ° cultivation. Massimo Visonà will tell us about the principles of hydroponics and automatic cultivation. – introduction – demonstration and operation

h. 18:30
“SHAMBALLA: the ideal city between history and myth”
Gerardo Lonardoni returns to tell us what Shamballa is: the ancient legend that is lost in the mists of time of a perfect city in which the inhabitants spiritually and intellectually live in peace and harmony. Only imagination?
– Background
– Shamballa over time
– Countries and representations
– Recommended texts to deepen

H 19.00
Greetings and closing rite

A Shutlle from  8:00 to 9:00 and from 17:00 to 18:30 is available from and to Imola train station and Massa lombarda during the whole event.

WASP’s contacts:

info@3dwasp.com +39 0545 82966

Worshop  registration:

francesca@3dwasp.com +39 333 9497127

Crane WASP

We will present the new invention by following these main points:

  • Modular system with different configurations, which to choose and why.
  • Coordinated and collaborative 3D printing, the heart of the project.
  • Extrusion of natural materials and cement mortars, our acquired knowledge.
  • On-site construction, transportability and man-machine interaction.

Crane WASP

the Infinite 3d printer

Crane WASP The Infinity 3d printer is a modular collaborative 3D printing system. It reinterprets the classic building cranes from a digital manufacturing point of view. It is composed of a main printer unit that can be assembled in different configurations depending on the printing area and therefore on the dimensions of the architectural structure to be calculated in 3d.
The print area of the single module is 6.60 meters in diameter for a height of 3 meters.

The evolution of the Big Delta 12M allows us to reduce the mechanical dimensions of the printer while maintaining a large print area. Created with the same modular mechanical components  used to make up the Big Delta 12M aluminum structure , it is a fast and efficient tool to be dismantled and reassembled  for an easy transport.

The single module can work self-sufficiently by printing fluids of different kinds: cement, bio cement, natural dough. Once you have a single module,  you can expand it by adding traverses and printer arms, thus generating an infinite digital manufacturing system.

It is not necessary to “cover” the entire area involved in the construction with the printing area of the  WASP Cranes because they can be reconfigured and can advance with generative attitude depending on the growth and shape of the building. More WASP Cranes, when working  together,   have a potentially infinite printing area  and can be set by the on-site operators following the evolution of the architectural project.

Contained in the Maker Economy Starter Kit, it too is designed to be able to print on-site natural mixes at 0km,  with the addition of natural fibers for architectural-scale construction. The container, transported on site, offers all the necessary tools to build a self-sufficient village through the most advanced additive technologies. Depending on the territory and the project, one can choose the optimal printing configurations, by assembling  each single module in different ways.  All components are transported disassembled. The basic tools included in the kit together with the printer, are those dedicated to the mixture: muller and tumbler

Crane WASP The Infinity 3d printer

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer



Next Ground

The case study 2018, the Gaia module is the first living example printed with the WASP Crane . It combines the most advanced technology with the oldest material,  melting earth and mind.

What we will present is an architectural module complete with insulation and coating systems, obtained through natural materials and which reflect the green building principles applied to digital fabrication. In collaboration with Rice House, we have added husks and rice straw to the inner spaces of the 3d printed-built -wall . The masonry is completely printed in 3d. The design of the wall, with grooves and insulation, gives Gaia very high energy performance. During the event it will be possible to enter Gaia, touch the walls, and see what   soil-3d printing  is.

Casa stampata in 3d, render

in collaboration cwith


Aggiornamento da Shamballa, la stampa 3d di Gaia!

in collaboration with

Workshop on Digital Ceramics


On August 29th, 2018, from 3 to 6 pm at the MIC (International Museum of Ceramics) in Faenza (RA) WASP together with the famous digital artist Jonathan Keep organizes a workshop on ceramic 3D printing.
You will have the possibility to print the new technology developed by WASP: Delta WASP 2040 and Delta WASP 60100


August 29th, 2018, from 3 to 6 pm at the MIC (International Museum of Ceeramics) in Faenza (RA)

  • 15.00-15.15 Welcome and opening of the works (Claudia Casali Director of the MIC and WASPTeam)
  • 15.15-16.00 “Computation Clay”, new ways to work clay in art and design (Jonathan Keep)
  • 4.00pm – 4.30pm Excursion to the ceramic 3D printing market: since 2014 up to date it’s the second generation of Delta WASP Clay printers (WASP Team)
  • 4.30 pm – 6.00 pm Active part: 3D printing applications in the arts and furniture sectors (Jonathan Keep & WASP Team)
  • 18.00-18.15 Conclusions and greetings


Jonathan Keep

The exclusive possibility: one day with the Digital Artist Jonathan Keep

“I was born and grew up in South Africa, obtaining a BA (Hons) Fine Arts degree from the University of Natal in 1979. In 1986 I moved to England and settled in Suffolk where I continue to live and have a studio at my home in Knodishall. In 2002 I received a MA from the Royal College of Art, where my postgraduate show was awarded of the Lattice overall prize-winner award and subsequently was awarded a Woo Foundation Graduate Arts Bursary. I have exhibited and undertaken and a number of artist residencies in the UK and abroad… see more>>


Free admission. The workshop is free, you must register your attendance by filling in the form at the following link (maximum number of participants 20 people).

Registrations closed, the maximum number of subscribers reached. Subscribe to our newsletter to be informed about the next workshops!


WHAT: Free workshop entitled “Digital ceramics”

WHEN: 29 August 2018, from 15.00 to 18.00.

WHERE: c/o the MIC in the Sala Classiche, Viale Alfredo Baccarini, 19, 48018 Faenza RA.

TO WHOM IT IS ADDRESSED: artisans, designers, ceramists and students.


The Workshop is part of the official Argillà Italia 2018 program


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3D Printed Teardrop by WASP Hub London

3DPrinted Teardrop is a fragment of our central piece for Galaxia - It represents our tears of sadness and joy condensing in a central glowing movement elevating towards the sky and the centre of the temple 2018 for Burning Man.

The Galaxia temple consist of 20 timber trusses pointing towards one point in the sky, and will contain a 3D printed teardrop at its center, which serves as the temple’s mandala—a representation of the universe in Buddhist and Hindu symbolism.

Below this suspended teardrop will be a ripple in the ground, depicting the teardrop’s anticipated fall, while the timber sections will provide small alcoves in which attendees can write messages to be burned with the temple.

These bio-plastic pieces are generated with the open-source software Silkworm for Grasshopper3D, creating a fine mesh in its centre to scatter the light.

3D Printing Light Contest

Winner Project

Aureal Twist di Marco Parnasi


The 3d printing light contest aims to collect new projects that focus on spotlight topic especially referring to 3d printing potentiality.

According to Wasp vision about new scenarios of self-production, as imagined in “Shamballa”, the contest request is to design an innovative spotlight  (free light point, lampshade, table lamp, ceiling light, floor lamp, lighting objects) capable of reinterpreting light essence towards the creation of an iconic object, completely 3d printed.

The FDM technology with thermoplastic transparent pellet, as permitted with Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL, allows complex geometries fabrication with specific material and aesthetic features.

Participants are asked to design one object that may enhance those properties and finally be part of object collection made with Delta WASP 3MT.

Technical notes for design:

The light’s design (just one piece is permitted) must embed 3d printing settings of Delta WASP 3MT;

3d printing area_max area: a circle with 800 mm diameter; max height: 900 mm

3dprinting resolution_nozzle diameter: 3mm

layer height: 0,5

max slope: 35°


Giorgio Gurioli

Gurioli Design

Massimo Moretti

CEO WASProject

Enrico Bassi

Open Dot Digital Fabrication Manager


The winning proposal, selected by the jury, will be printed at Milan Triennale on March 2nd-3rd-4th, 2018 in the permanent space of OpenDot and will remain on display for the following period.

The winner will receive, as a prize, the object printed after the end of the exhibition.


  • 3d printing duration (see some reference objects printed with Delta WASP 3MT)
  • 3d printing optimization
  • Aesthetic value
  • Versatility

Gem Lamp
Nicola WaspTeam
Height: 900 mm
Layer: 1,2 mm – monolayer
Time: 4 ore

Abstract Branch
Kesra Mansuri Thingiverse
Height: 550 mm
Layer: 1,2 mm – monolayer
Time: 8 ore

Rigatona Chair
Gurioli Design
Height: 500 mm
Layer: 0,5 mm – monolayer
Time: 20 ore

Comparison of size and printing time


Free admission.

Competitors categories: designer, architects, students. Competitors can join the competition in teams that can be composed of any number of a team member.

Submission material:

ZIP folder named as Proposaltitle.zip (max: 20 MB) to send to email address contest@wasproject.it containing:

  • 3d model in STL format (closed solid), named as Proposaltitle.stl;
  •  Image in JPEG format (dimensions 1920 x 1080 pixels, 150 dpi) showing the proposal and the specific use conditions, named as Proposaltitle.jpg;
  • Subscription form, signed by competitor/leader (in case of team) and scanned in JPEG format, named as Modulo di adesione_Proposaltitle.jpg;
  • Personal data in PDF format (format A4) with name, surname, birthdate, job, town, email address of competitor/leader (in case of a team), named as Anagrafica_Proposaltitle.pdf.

Credit big hero image: WASP Team / Object design: FabLab Venezia


Credit big hero image: WASP Team / subject design: FabLab Venezia

Online 3D Printing

What is the online 3D printing service

If you do not have a 3d printer, but you have a project in mind pr an idea to be implemented in three dimensions, you can use an online 3d printing service. The procedure is very simple: you have to send the project to the reference site, or upload it directly to the site, specify specifications and preferences (materials, color etc.); the company takes charge of it, analyzes if the project is achievable and its costs and it proposes a quote. Prices can be variable. If the customer accepts it, the company realizes the object in 3d with its own printers and sends it to the customer within the required time. Most companies make the printed object starting from a definitive 3d drawing, it is possible that the service activities also have an internal design section. Generally, creating an object in 3D and printing it are two different activities and the service hardly associates them. It is necessary to go to the printing service with a 3d drawing ready to be printed, the processing of the file or the correction of some errors in the drawing could have an additional management cost. The format generally required is the .stl.


Who offers the 3d printing service on the web

There are several companies that offer 3d printing service on the web, at usually affordable prices. The main ones are Sculpteo, Shapeways, Ponoko, i.materialise, 3dhubs, e gli italiani Italy Maker, Addictive 3d, Cad online, Vectorealism.

What can be printed in 3d on the internet

Through an online 3d printing service you can print anything you want, from household items to parts of professional projects, even if people normally turn to services of this kind for medium-sized objects. Companies are equipped to print with numerous materials, such as plastic, ceramic, stainless steel, silver, resins, and with various printing technologies.

3d photo printing

It is possible to print 3d models starting from 2d photographs. This video illustrates the process:

There are several specific software to manage this process, such as Neitra 3d or AutoDesk 123 Catch, a free software that can be installed on a Windows PC or as a free application for iPad, capable of processing a group of photographs of an object, and modeling them in 3d. Autodesk also provides tools to print the object in 3D or physically recreate it, but this is a service that you have to pay for.

There is a widespread belief that it is possible to recreate a 3d design starting from a single photograph, now this is not possible unless you are now a very good 3d modeler who have to imitate and interpret, for example, the features of a face. What it can be done with a single photo is a sort of bas relief or lithophane placing the image in grayscale. The lighter colors will be reproduced in print with a few layers, the darker areas instead will be created with multiple layers. In this way, looking at the object printed in backlight, you could see the image of the photograph.

3d printer software

Three types of software are needed to create and to print 3d models: 3d modeling / CAD software, slicing and interface software. There are many types, and it's easy to find an open source one. CAD are the programs used to design and create digital 3D objects, they are divided into categories: solid modeling software, including Google SketchUp, Autodesk 123D, TinkercadBlender; and sculptural modeling software, such as Scultptris, to create virtual sculptures through the concept of clay modeling; finally there are the parametric modeling software, which allow you to combine different shapes with each other, such as OpenSCADGrasshopper Rhinoceros.

The slicing / CAM programs convert 3d models into mechanical commands: in that way the 3d printer will be able to understand what it must do and how it must move through a specific code, called G-code; among the most used we mention Slic3rCura and Skeinforge, that was one of the first programs created by the RepRap community. Finally, the interface software is the printer control program: it is used to give instructions to the machine, launch the print, block it, manage the parameters, for example the temperature, and so on; the most used in this category are Repetier-Host and Printrun. Often these programs are no longer used because, as in our case, printers have an interface screen where you can operate directly on the machine.

cad stampa 3d

Rapid prototyping

Rapid prototyping is a set of industrial techniques aimed at the physical realization of the prototype, in short times, starting from a three-dimensional mathematical definition of the object (CAD). Prototypes are essential in every step of the product development process, to verify that a model corresponds to the real object or to perform tests of form, suitability and functionality. The online 3d printing services also offer the creation of prototypes in different materials, such as plastic or resin, at different costs depending on the material, the complexity of the project and the dimensions: it is a rapid and effective process that reduces the risk of errors in the productions, and it allows frequent reviews and checks.