VERO2 - 3D Printing glass

Another life for Murano glass

WASP is technical partner of the project VERO2, carried on by Matteo Silverio, that aims to give antoher life to Murano glass waste.

In fact, Murano glass can't be recycled like the normal glass due to the pigment used to color it. Silverio, through the usage of a 3D printer, managed to create pieces composed totally by Murano glass waste, introducing a new solution to its recycling problem.

Recycling: pieces composed 100% by Murano glass

The ink is composed by 97% of Murano glass powder, that after the printing is cooked at 700°C. The process works at room temperature and when it is baked, the 3% of the compound that is not glass melts, so the final product is 100% Murano glass.

VERO in Italian means true, and in Venetian dialect means glass, so the title VERO VERO means real glass. This project combines the ancient traditional craftmanship with most advanced technologies.

The shape of the objects has been generated by an algorithm optimized to simulate a fluid geometry, in continous changing. It simulates the sinous curves of Venetian lagoon velme and ghebi.

3D printed glass final pieces

just printed pieces

cooked pieces
(the piece on the right is voluntarily twisted)

Venice glass week 2021

Final pieces are exposed at the Venice glass week 2021 at Maison203 store. In addition to these pieces, there will be a hybridization between 3D printing and hand work done by the expert Nicola Moretti.

The 3D printer for glass

To print Murano glass, Matteo used a modified Delta WASP 2040 Clay, the perfect LDM printer to experiment with fluids materials. WASP is always on the first line to collaborate to try new materials and find new solutions through technologies.

3D printed wall art installation

3D printing wall art and stairs

3D printing in large scale for art installations

Large scale 3D printing has a lot of potential for being used to create ehxhibitions and installations, but not everyone knows why to choose this technology. 3D printing lets you to overcome limits of manufacturing, experimenting with shapes and structures that are not possible in other ways. These works are made by WASP Hub Madrid, Lowpoly.

Stairs to Infinity

In this case study, we’ll see how additive manufacturing opens new ways to design stairs with parametric techniques: lighter and with recycled materials.

3D printed stairs art installation in Cosmocaixa Museum in Barcelona

The structure has been designed in wireframe to reach the goal of lightness and resistance at the same time.

This project is designed by Carmen Baselga and Hector Serrano for the exhibition PRINT3D in Cosmocaixa Museum in Barcelona. The concept of the project was trying to design a spiral staircase of 12 meters, only supported by transparent threads, as light as possible.


Gelosia is a project that uses 3d printing on a large scale to create big partition walls. Like for Stairs to Infinity, It was designed by Carmen Baselga and Hector Serrano for the exhibition PRINT3D of Cosmocaixa museum in Barcelona.

3d printed art wall at Cosmocaixa museum in Barcelona

The purpose of the project was to separate sections of the exhibition while maintaining the view through it. 

3D printing process

The wireframe structure has been chosen not only for functional issues, but also for the light and shades effects that this holes pattern creates.
Grasshopper is the software used to generate the gcode and the route that the 3D printer follows. If you want to see how to generate the gcode directly from Grasshopper, click on the button

assembling 3d printed stairs installation

This design process permits to minimize the waste of material, optimizing the shape and reducing the material only to the structural parts

Each step has been divided and printed in parts to have the chance to add couplings to make the assembly easier. This procedure has led to shipping the entire stairs in two boxes, optimizing the logistics and dropping the CO2 emissions.

PLA pellet

pla pellet

The material used to print the project is PLA recycled from food packaging, mixed with natural white pigment. In this way, the aesthetical result is excellent and it is not necessary to finish it with final painting. Printing with pellets has many advantages: you can use recycled plastic: it is cheaper and faster than filament material. 
Check our pellet materials.

Large scale 3D printer

For these two projects it has been used the 3MT 3D printer. It permits to print big pieces until 1 meter of diameter and it is really used for installations or to create walls. The procedure is to print in pieces and then assembly them, building the entire structure.

large scale 3D printer

3D printed store in Dubai

3D printed sculptural walls in a Flagship Store

3D printed store

3d printed  store in Dubai

3D printing is a perfect way to create installations designed with parametric shapes. This leads to a new concept to create sets and scenographies because it permits to build original decorative shapes. In this case La Máquina (by Noumena) printed a flagship store designed by External Reference in Dubai. An immersive space where digital blends with physical world.

An immersive fluid space

The sculptural walls transform the store in a geometric space, where the products (shoes) are perfectly included in the scenography and become a part of it. Everything is perfectly mixed for a complete experience. The sculptural walls are augmented with a layer of interactive 3D mapping that continously change the environment visuals and where customers can communicate and play.

3D printed store in Dubai

Thanks to parametric design, the geometry flows following the curves of the walls. The installation was subdivided in pieces, printed and then assembled. This process is available thanks to additive manufacturing and its way to print simultaneously different parts.

3D printed store in dubai

3D printer for large scale


These walls are built with 3MT HDP, the 3D printer designed for massive prints. With the technology High Definition Pellet, you can print Pellet material fastly and precisely. Pellet granules are 10x cheaper than filaments and they reduce the printing time. In plus, you can print 24/7 thanks to the Continuous Feeding System.

Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0 printing on a fabric for the collection TECHNE

3D printing on fabric

3D printing on fabric: an innovative technique

3D p3D printing always surprises us with its wide range of applications: here, we'll discover a new technique to create shapes. It's an innovative way to design: algorithms are used to generate patterns of curves that, through tensions, develop structures.

Design is always influenced by manufacturing, and the change in a process also changes the way to think about shapes that can be reached. The progress of technology permits to rethink of esthetics and creates new cultural values.

Can 3D printers print on fabric?

3D printers can print on fabric, and It is effortless to do! You can easily create new shapes or give a new life to your old fabrics with any printer you have. Here are some tips to print and some case studies from which you can get inspiration.

How to 3D print on fabric

3D printing on fabric is easy, and it doesn't require many other additional components. The only things you need are pins and, in some cases, a platform to raise the printing bed. In this workshop, students learned how to print on textile with their small printers, Delta WASP 2040 PRO. Trying small pieces before shifting to a larger scale is really useful.

The more difficult part is the design process: when you print you don't see the final result until you release the tensions of the pins on the textile. This can be really exciting, for the continous experiments and the discovery of new shapes. It's a totally different way to design.

The textile needs to be stretched on the bed and fixed well to print the layer of curves in the same way. If it is not tested regularly, It can lead to deformed geometry.When the melted filament is deposited on the fabric, it merges with the material, and with the cooling, they are united forever.

Fashion industry: 3D printed clothes

We will see how 3D printing is revolutionizing the fashion industry. It's a new technology in this field, so not many people know how and why to use it. Plus, the design of the clothes is complex: it requires knowledge of 3D modeling and 3D printing. But it's also a new way to visualize the artwork more realistically.Until now, it has been confined to Haute Couture, artists, and passionate hobbyists.

As we expected, the knowledge and enthusiasm are spreading worldwide, and there are many examples also in the mass fashion market. Other than accessories, 3D printing is used more for shoes, bags, and functional clothes. Also, NASA has its research laboratory where scientists study how to upgrade spacesuits with 3D printing.

Flexible filament

The materials that suit the creation process of 3D printed clothes are those with flexible features. TPU is the most used filament to create objects that need to be in contact with skin because it adapts its shape to body curves. So it is widespread in medical and fashion fields. For example, Balenciaga released new pair of 3d printed decolletè, all made in transparent TPU.

Haute couture: Iris Van Herpen

Iris Van Herpen is for sure one of the most iconic example of 3d printed artworks in fashion industry. Her stunning dresses are famous worldwide, worn by actors and singers in gran galà and other important events. Her creations are unique pieces, like sculptures.

Iris Van Herpen fashion runway

She has always combined art and technology, inspired by Leonardo Da Vinci mindset. Nature is her biggest counselor and all colors and shapes combinations come from animals and plants. This interest in nature and eco-systems leads Iris to care about sustainability and the purpose to create pieces environment-friendly.

Fashion and sustainability

Sustainability is one of our generation's battles: choosing the suitable materials to produce in a more respectful way for the planet. Fashion is under pressure for the continuous turnover of new clothes production every season.

Fast fashion is one of the problems of these times, so everybody is now focused on trying to reduce the impact of the industry. 3D printing is a valid partner to face it because it permits avoiding waste of materials and can use recycled materials.

A student creates her 3D printed fashion line

Milan-based student of Politecnico di Milano, Chiara Giusti, has designed and produced a clothing line for her University project. She printed her collection at Superforma, Milan WASP Hub, using WASP's large-scale 3D printer 3MT.

Chiara aims to create fashion and comfortable clothes, adding complex 3D printed patterns to textiles. This example demonstrates that 3D printing clothes can be done by everyone simply at home (with a little bit of practice).

Models wear 3d printed clothes from the collection TECHNE

Art, design and architecture

3D printing on textile is interesting to create something to wear, but it can also be a way to build remarkable structures and furniture pieces. The rigidity that 3D printed curves bring to the textile creates a steady system that can sustain itself.

The shapes created on fabric are also interesting for furniture pieces like lamps. In these examples, created by Drag and Drop Design studio, emerges the structure and the articulate shape achievable with this process.

This large-scale piece exemplifies how 3D printing on fabric can also be applied to significant structures and challenge how we build installations and structures. This effect of soft spikes comes from the tensions of printed layers on the textile.

3D printed on textile pavillion

Large scale 3D printer

large scale WASP 3d printer

All these masterpieces have been created with the 3MT 3D printer. This is the best printer for creating medium-large pieces thanks to its wide printing bed area of 1m in diameter.

3D printed textile workshop

Informed flexible matter

3D printing on textile is a new way to create shapes and esthetic thanks to the propriety of elastic material. You can design and predict the shape of the piece using algorithms (in this case made with Grasshopper software).

WASP, in collaboration with Co-de-It and digifabTURINg, has taken a workshop focused on exploring new techniques behyond the prototyping. In this case the 3D printing on fabric could be a real new manufacturing process to create new products. This method of fabrication become a part of the design procedure.

printing on fabric with Delta WASP 2040 PRO

printing on fabric with Delta WASP 2040 PRO

How to make 3D printed fabric

The process is quite easy: the fabric is fixed on the printing bed with clips. The important thing is to mantain tension on the fabric, as it needs to be planar. Then with the printer, create different lines directly on the textile. Once the print is finished, releasing the clips a new shape will comes out, following the structure made by the curves.

With only one layer of printing, the possible shapes are infinite. The pattern includes information about the structure, encoded as stifness and elasticity. Tension and curves on the fabric become the structural part of the piece.

3D printed geometries on textile fabric

The impact of this new technology is interesting also for the opportunity to scale the process in big dimensions. Surely we'll hear other advancements soon!

3d printed on fabric piece

3d printed on fabric pieces

3D printer for fabric

Delta WASP 2040 PRO printer
Delta WASP 2040 PRO

Delta WASP 2040 PRO is the printer used for create these original pieces.
It's the perfect printer for hobbyst and beginner to experiment thanks to its high quality standard with a cheap cost.

In the previous examples, a circular platform was used to better fix the textile: it is easy to create and if you are interested in using it, write to us at!

Cocoon and Divergent the 3D printed lamps

Printing on fabric for complex shapes

3d printing never stops surprising with the different ways to approach design and modeling. In this article, we'll see the opportunity to reach different shapes through the behavior of different materials in contact.

Drag and drop, a design study located in Bucharest - Romania, has explored large-size 3D printing in all its facets. They mainly print with the 3MT and model with algorithms, discovering new esthetic through materials and their features.

Divergent equilibrium lamp

divergent equilibrium 3d printed lamp

divergent equilibrium 3d printed lamp

Divergent equilibrium is a complex lamp that comes as a result of 3D printing polymeric filaments on textile material. The shape that comes out was studied starting from algorithms that draw curves and curls up the fabric, creating beautiful movements.

divergent equilibirum 3d printed lamp

"Our designs are intimately linked with the additive manufacturing process and we have been exploring the unique aesthetic features which are only made possible by the advent of large scale 3d printing. In our work we celebrate the chunky layers, the material drips and the intricate geometries that are only possible with this technology. As designers we have more control than ever - from the material mix to controlling the machine to promoting the work. It really feels empowering." - Madalin Gheorghe / Drag And Drop

Cocoon lamp

cocoon 3d printed lamp

Cocoon is an intricated lamp where the softness of the textile interacts with the complex system of the 3D printed polymeric lines. The shape comes out by herself following the pattern designed with algorithms. As the result, appearance evokes smooth vibes, but also similar to the moon shape by the lateral view.

cocoon 3d printed lamp

cocoon 3d printed lamp

Here you can see the process of 3D printing on textile: you can see that suddenly after the releasing of the pins, the shape comes out. To create this lamp, Drag and Drop used the large size 3D printer Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0.

Large size 3D printer

industrial 3d printer

Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0 is the printer used to create these beautiful 3d printed lamp. It's the perfect printer for large size pieces, with filament or pellet materials.

3D printed molds

Customized panels

3D printing in large scale has infinite potential, as we can see here, also in the mold sector. In this project, carried out by WASP Hub Denmark, we can see this innovative approach of molds creation through Additive Manufacturing.

Formworks are widely used in architecture to create concrete panels. Their shapes are often standard because the materials most used are wood, metal and polystyrene. The first two are the most solid but the shapes remain always the same and they can not be customized with details or different geometry. To create customized panels, the most used material is polystyrene: it is more adaptable than the others but you can't reach all the shapes.

Now we have a new technique that can transform the way we produce concrete panels: large scale 3D printing. With this technology it's super fast creating big pieces with the wanted shape always in different way.

With 3D printing you can constantly design new geometries and customize the texturing of the panel. This allows you to overcome the limits of the standard formworks and reach new geometric patterns.

Texturing is a process used also in nature to create shapes that have functional features. To show the opportunities of 3D printing in this field, a series of panels in concrete with unique design has been created.

These panels are the results of computational processes and the inspiration comes from nature and abstract shapes. The process of creation involves FDM technology, with upcycled plastic waste in order to re-utilize the material.

Concrete panel

Upcycled plastic mold

3D printing concrete mold

Texturing is a process used also in nature to create shapes that have functional features. To show the opportunities of 3D printing in this field, a series of panels in concrete with unique design has been created. These panels are the results of computational processes and the inspiration comes from nature and abstract shapes. 

3d printed molds details

The process of creation involves FDM technology, with upcycled plastic waste in order to re-utilize the material. This is another plus that makes 3D printing the perfect ally forcreate molds.

Thanks to computational design you can reach always different patterns, generated with algorithms. Here some examples of the different shapes you can reach.

different paterns of 3D printed molds

Project credits

CREATE Group - Led by Asst. Prof. Dr. Roberto Naboni
University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Unit of Civil and Architectural Engineering (CAE)
Team: Roberto Naboni, Luca Breseghello, David W. Jokszies
3D Scanning: at the SDU Prototyping Lab (Prof. Knud Bjørnholt)
Industry Partners: WASP (3D Printers), Hi-Con (High-Performance Concrete)

The printer for large scale objects

The printer used in this project is Delta WASP 3MT Industrial 4.0, the perfect printer for large scale objects. It works with filament and pellet extrusion, in order to use recycled plastics. With its printing bed of 1 meter of diameter, it lets you print big objects in small time.

3D printed sculpture The House of Dust in front of Museum Wiesbaden

Crowdfunding for The House of Dust

The House of Dust with WASP and TinyBE

WASP together with Tinybe, has brought back to life The House of Dust, artwork of Visual Artist Alison Knowles.

external view of the house of dust
3D printed sculpture The House of Dust in front of Museum Wiesbaden
July 2021, The House of Dust in front of Wiesbaden Museum

The peculiarity is the usage of two pioneering technology each time: the first one in 1968 with a rudimentary Artifical Intelligence and now in 2021 with 3D printing earth.

The first two guests that spent a night inside the sculpture

internal view of The House of Dust
Interior view of the scultprue

The House of Dust is available to host guests, in the daytime or at the night. The interiors has been furnished with a Television and a double bed.

Here some videos of the printing process

The printer used is Crane WASP, the printer to build houses and sculpture with a mixture of earth and natural fibers.

Alison Knowles joined the event in streaming, through a Screen placed in front of the sculpture.

Nozzle: 3cm
Slicing software: Grasshopper
Sculpture area: 16 mq

Corwdfunding campaign has been a success!

TinyBE has organized a Crowdfunding campaign to support the printing of a visionary sculpture by visual artist Alison Knowles and asked us to join by providing the 3D printer.

The House of Dust is an evolving artwork that unify poetry, architecture and computer science created by Alison Knowles in 1968. Visual Artist re-proposes her masterpiece now, implementing it with the usage of a 3D printer to build the structure. The printer that it will be used to create it is our Crane WASP.

Model of the concept of The House of the dust by Alison Knowles

The habitable structure will be printed in front of the Museum Wiesbaden, if the Crowdfunding by TinyBe will reach the goal. Here you can find the button to participate in the Crowdfunding Campaign.

Alison Knowles

Alison Knowles is an american Visual Artist internationally renowned for her performances, installations and publications. Born in 1933, she was active in the downtown art scene of New York in the 1960s, collaborating with estimated artists like Marcel Duchamp. She graduated in Fine Arts at Pratt Institute and received an honor doctorate by the Institute in 2015.

Alison Knwoles in her young age

Artist Alison knowles young speaking about performance

She was a founding member of the Fluxus movement, an international network of artists that emphasize the process of making art, more than the final piece. They promote a 'do-it-yourself' attitude, performing in random locations and using all kind of materials to create art.

She is one of the artists that have changed the paradigm of contemporary art. Her artworks are exhibited in many prestigious museums like MOMA. Now she decided to bring to life again one of her masterpieces: The House of Dust, rethinking the building process using the latest technologies. To celebrate her contribution to the world of arts, we can help all together supporting the Crowdfunding Campaign.

Below, the interview of the Artist about her vision of the revised The House of Dust.

Alison Knowles shows the mesh of The House of Dust
Here you can see Alison now, keeping on create mesmerizing artworks.

Interview to Alison Knowles

How would you describe your artwork THE HOUSE OF DUST?

AK: My sculpture for tinyBE – living in a sculpture is the most contemporary iteration of THE HOUSE OF DUST. Generated by a computer as a poem in 1967, it was coded in FORTRAN IV on a mainframe computer with collaboration by James Tenney (Composer in Residence at Bell Labs) as one of the first computer generated poems and an early form of artificial intelligence.

The algorithm generates quatrains describing different houses and their living situations, without repeating before processing its chance set that contains thousands of unique possibilities. After winning a Guggenheim grant for this pioneer computer poem, I created the first architectural structure while I was in New York City.

visitors of the house of dust in 1970

Photo of the House of dust in the 1970

Later, I had it relocated and rebuilt at CAL ARTS, in California, where I was teaching. Since then, other curators and historians have designed temporary structures to be built based on the poem, in academic or semi-academic contexts.
After many years tinyBE presents the new generation of technology for building a livable structure -- THE HOUSE OF DUST realized by automated printing using robotics.

How did you come up with the idea of realizing your artwork THE HOUSE OF DUST using a 3D printer?

AK: The building process is an opportunity to realize the structure in an on-site intermedia-action-event. While the poem is printed and read, it meets up with a three dimensional structure also being printed by computer. THE HOUSE OF DUST has been waiting for this technical break-through implied by poem’s focus.

Casa stampata in 3d, Crane WASP
Crane WASP, the printer that will be used to create the sculpture

Your work is exploring the nexus of art, technology and architecture. In 1968 the computer-generated poem was translated into a physical structure whereby the viewers were invited to interact with the house. In what way will this new edition enable viewers to interact with your work?

AK: The public is invited to observe the printing process. By reactivating the concept of THE HOUSE OF DUST we do not only introduce this pioneering technology to the public, we’ll also use sustainable raw materials such as clay.

Viewers will be able to visit and inhabit a sustainable sculpture. They are taking part in a historical experience, prominently placed in front of the entrance of the Landesmuseum Wiesbaden, a natural environment supported by an institution globally known for its decades long support of Fluxus. THE HOUSE OF DUST will be a habitable space in public and an important contemporary Fluxus experience.

alison knowles with house of dust in 1970

View of the house of dust in the 1970

What makes the work THE HOUSE OF DUST so captivating from your point of view?

AK: THE HOUSE OF DUST has taken into consideration that architecture is becoming more fluid, it provides a linguistic structure that recognizes the inflow of new factors in living. By relaunching (and redefining) THE HOUSE OF DUST I’m able to engage the latest technical advances.

What in your opinion are the advantages of 3D printed artworks?

AK: The cost of printing artworks like the new version of THE HOUSE OF DUST is minimal by comparison to standard construction methods. Not only it is low-cost but also environmentally friendly and fast.

MARCH 2021

Crowdfunding campaign

If the Campaign will reach the goal, the structure will be printed in front of the Museum Wiesbaden and will remain there from 26 June to 26 September 2021. Visitors will be able to enter the house and also stay there for the night. The sculpture exhibition will be hosted by the non-profit organization tinyBE.

What happens with the funding raised?

The House of Dust artwork is being made possible by people like you!
There are already numerous public and private supporters, like Frankfurt's head of culture Dr. Ina Hartwig, Frankfurt RheinMain Kulturfondsthe, City of Wiesbaden, the Hessian Ministry of Science and Art, and others.

The renowned architectural firm Zaeske und Partner is working pro bono for Alison Knowles, but unfortunately, that is still not enough to also produce the sculpture in Wiesbaden with the use of 3D printing. All the money raised from this crowdfunding campaign will be spent on the production of Alison Knowles’ artwork.

The Crowdfunding campaign has raised more money than the set goal, thanks to all the participants. The printing has started the 15th of June and the final result has been presented on 30th of June.

The external view of The house of Dust completed: here you can see the pattern of the walls.



tinyBE is a global platform for artistic visions of sustainable forms of living. As a creative lab tinyBE offers a series of exhibitions of habitable artworks in public spaces and a free space for a discourse on meaningful life: ‘the tinyBE way’.

tinyBe logo

The project has been made possible thanks to the collaboration between WASP, TinyBE, Zaeske Architekten, Karriebau Gruppe. Material supplied by Ricehouse.

The rugged motorcycle with 3d printed components

3D printed motorcycle parts

3D printed electric motorcycle components

From the partnership between the innovative Design of E-Racer and the technical experience of WASP, a new electric 3d printed motorcycle is born: The Rugged.

In fact, the E-Racer Design Team asked us to join forces to create components for a new motorcycle: a redesign and optimization of the previous one ZERO FXS. We suddenly replied that we were really excited to collaborate in this innovative project. WASP, since the beginning, works with research Teams that share the dream to make the World a better place.

E-Racer, with this electrical motorcycle, cooperates to achieve this visionary goal. That’s the way this partnership has born: WASP has provided his technical skills in technical materials and in 3d printing.

3D printed electric motorcycle parts by WASP and E-Racer
e-racer logo

Design Team

E-Racer is an Italian Company that works designing motorcycles and scooters for other corporations. The founder is Aldo De Giovanni: after years of working behind the scenes, he decided to collect his experience and to build a Designers Team.

The E-Racer Team works as an external consultant for Companies that want to create innovative motorcycles. They have already created projects for italian chinese, and vietnamite market.

Design is always at the core production with clay models, sketches and renders that are combined with the most advanced technology like 3d printing and robotics. This is the perfect mix between craftsmanship and automation.

E-Racer: an innovative Designers Team

front side of the electrical motorcycle The Rugged

Back view of the electrical motorcycle The Rugged

The Rugged: 3d printed electrical motorcycle

The Rugged has been redesigned from a 2018 model to be optimized: his production and distribution is scheduled for 2020 fall. Due to the short term, E-Racer decided to rely on WASP for the production of some components: carter, riding, tail, lateral frames and tank

The redesign made from the Team has allowed the parts shapes to reach the essential, improving the functionality and making the motorcycle lighter.

The parts are 3D printed in ABS and then they are sanded and treated with protective coat Line-X. This process makes them more resistant to the weathering and adds durability to the material.

Why 3d printing?

  • lighter components
  • direct production without molds
  • customization
  • simultaneous creation of different parts
  • particular shapes
  • waste reduction
  • controlled thickness
  • no need for draft angles
  • assembling ABS pieces with acetone
Printer Delta WASP 4070 INDUSTRIAL X prints an ABS part

3D printing leads a great advantage to the components production: you can pass directly from modelling to the creation of the object, without other processes.
This allows to rapidly shorten the productive line and to vary the pieces’ shape without additional costs.

Customized motorcycle parts

The creation of the parts with 3d printers permits their customizing and to achieve exclusive design. You can design parts with different shapes, that couldn’t be possible with the usual industrial process. This allows also to avoid molds cost, difficult to amortize in short time.

Another benefit of 3d printing production is the opportunity to simultaneously create pieces in different printers. You can subdivide the components into several parts and print them in the same time, speeding up even more the manifacturing.

Fully customizable: each motorcycle is unique thanks to 3d printing

The rugged motorcycle with 3d printed components

Not only prototypes, with technical materials you can print ready-to-use products.

3D printing has always been seen as a prototyping method to have a quick response of the model in reality. With the materials science progress, 3D printing can use technical materials with high resistance and mechanical properties suitable for an actual application. To print these parts, we decided to use ABS, a thermopolymer widely used thanks to its proprieties of resistance, flexibility and lightness.

logo detail of the rugged, 3d printed electrical motorcycle

detail of under saddle of the electrical motorcycle the rugged

ABS filament

A technical material with high-shock resistance

The chosen material is ABS: it is a technical material that resists to shocks and to extreme temperature changes

It is often used for replacement parts because compared to other materials, like PLA, it is warp resistant after big temperature changes and usually tends to avoid crumbling. In addition, his friction coefficient is really low, so the extrusion turns out simple.

With ABS you can also subdivide components, print them separately and then reassembly them with acetone and a plaster made with ABS melted in acetone.

Thanks to the hot chamber of the printer Delta WASP INDUSTRIAL X, it has been possible to print big pieces (the bigger one is 70cm!).


applicazione della vernice protettiva Line-x su una componente stampata 3D della moto The Rugged

Line-X is a professional treatment that, applied at high temperature and pressure, binds permanently to components. 

It is the distinctive effect that we often see in motorcycles and pick ups: a porous and knurled paint that gives style and strength to vehicles. It is formed by a hardener and a resin, that contrast the abrasion of the underlying material.

Professional 3d printer

Delta WASP INDUSTRIAL X 4070 is the ideal printer to create industrial objects.In fact his heated chamber and cooled mechanic permit to fastly print big pieces with technical material. As with The Rugged components, thank to the big capacity of the volume (40cm x 70cm), It was not a problem to print each kind of pieces size.

3d printed vase with grasshopper, the main feature is the not planar slicing

3D Printing with Grasshopper

What is Grasshopper?

Grasshopper is a Rhino Plug-in, famous 3D modeling software used in Design and Architecture. It is a powerful tool for algorithmic modeling and It is used to generate complex shapes through parameters.

Coding experience is not required and It can be visualized through a nodes diagram that describes mathematical and geometrical relationships in a model. You can also 3d print with Grasshopper, in the next chapter we see how to create a model and his gcode.

Grasshopper nodes diagram example
Example of a nodes diagram done to better control parameters of a model

The main advantages of Grasshopper modeling are:

  • shapes generated from data
  • parametric patterns
  • variable series

In Grasshopper you can generate shapes starting from data: the benefit of this process is the possibility to change almost endlessly the geometry, simply changing parameters values.

In fact, parameters are associated to different sizes of the model and varying them you can obtain real-time changing of the geometry. This function is especially useful when you work with complex shapes, because it permits to make changes without canceling and restarting your design.

Why Grasshopper for 3d printing?

Because a LDM (liquid slicing software) dedicated slicing software doesn't exist and Grasshoper offers a lot of advantages to custom the 3d print of a model:

  • custom infill
  • using open objects
  • work with intersections
  • creation of patterns
  • choose the route of the extruder

3D Printing directly by Grasshopper

It is possible to print the model directly by Grasshopper, bypassing other Slicing Software. To get the gcode, It is necessary a process where the model is deconstructed in polylines and then in point with X Y Z coordinates: they will be the commands of the printer extruder. This process permits to customize the print and create for example not-planar slicing, where layers have different heights.

Difference from other slicing softwares

Unlike common slicing software that slice the stl model in equal horizontal layers, with Grasshopper we have the possibility to better control extruder movements. Generate the gcode inside grasshopper gives the opportunity to change a lot of parameters that are usually not available.

3d printed vase with grasshopper, the main feature is the not planar slicing
Not planar slicing

We have the complete control of the object that we want to create, from the modeling part to the final print. We can print following the isocurves of the model, operation not possible with common softwares like Cura or Simplify: here the slicing doesn’t depend on the shape or the geometry of the model. 

Grasshopper offers a lot of possibilities, you only need to learn!

Learn how to 3d print with Grasshopper: the first guide

To better learn how to 3d print directly with grasshopper, there is the first guide entirely dedicated to the topic: Advanced 3D Printing with Grasshopper, Clay and FDM. authors of the book are diego garcìa cuevas, CEO of Controlmad, Architect expert in digital manufacturing and gianluca pugliese, founder of lowpoly and manager of wasp iberia.

Cover of the book for 3d printing with Grasshopper

Pages of the book for 3d printing with grasshopper

Advanced 3d printing with grasshopper

All the models inside the book are printed with Delta WASP Clay 2040 for clay's objects and Delta WASP 2040 Pro for plastic's objects.

You can use all WASP printers models (like Delta WASP 4070 or Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0), achieving the same optimal results. It is really recommended to use the book with these printers to get the most similar results to the objects in the book.

Inside the book there are step by step instructions to learn how to generate optimized gcode for the model created on Grasshopper. Inside it there are specific and detailed infos that you can’t find on YouTube tutorials, like the vase mode print.

Philip Stankard post on 3d printed objects generated with Grasshopper

In this LinkedIn post, Philip Stankard, Lead Industrial Designer in 3M Design at Minneapolis, shares the unicity of the bok written by Diego ad Gianluca. This underlines the value of the book's content, a collection of experiences that you can't find anywhere else.

Learning from experts thanks to WASP Academy

If you are interested in 3d printing with Grasshopper, you can attend our courses at WASP Academy. Our experts will follow you with specific lessons in the learning and experimental process. Inside Grasshopper Workshop you will learn how to design for 3D printing, how to use parametric design features to create unique surfaces. You will learn how to transform your project in gcode and you will be shown examples to better comprehend the process.

Grasshopper Workshop is addressed to people that know the software and are skilled with clay 3d printing. If you want to learn how to 3D print before the Grasshopper Workshop, these are propaedeutic courses:

The courses, due to Covid Emergency, take place entirely online and they are available in english and italian. Check the site to keep informed about the all the courses and the dates!

100 italian architectural conservation stories prize by symbola e fassa bortolo

100 Italian architectural conservation stories

The prize by Symbola and Fassa Bortolo

WASP is one of the winners of the Symbola foundation and Fassa Bortolo’s prize on 100 Italian architectural conservation stories, in the section material and technology.
A hundred stories about innovation, sustainabiliy and beauty: the aim is to tell the best conservation works in Italian territory in order to enhance the richness of the architecture.

100 italian architectural conservation stories prize by symbola e fassa bortolo

Symbola Foundation

Symbola Foundation for Italian Quality does research, project and events to underline the quality of companies that focus on innovation, creativity and human resources.
In fact, from 2005 Symbola promotes and researches Italian beauties, through key values based on Green economy, Culture and social cohesion. It cooperates with specialized institutions to better analyze italian companies actions and make quality papers.

The WASP winner project

WASP won the prize thanks to his work done in partnership with Parma FabLab and 3D ArcheoLab: the reconstruction of a Kantharos. It is done through non invasive 3D scans. Kantahros was a drinking cup used in V century b.C. by Greek and Etruscan, and this in particular represents Sileno and Menade decorations.
The cup’s copy, printed with Delta WASP 4070, is exhibited in the Etruscan Museum of Marzabotto for blind people.

WASP also scanned 28 decorative statues in the Pompei archeologic area in partnership with the Special Superintendence for cultural heritage. After that, the models were printed and located in Ottavio Quartione and Marco Lucrezio's Domus.
The printed copies are almost identical to the real pieces, thanks to the quality of the details; original ones are preserved in Torino.

Symbola book closed of the prize 100 italian stories for future building

SYmbola book of the prize Symbola book closed of the prize 100 italian stories for future building in front of Gaia

The prize of 2019

Also in 2019 WASP was among the winners, but in anoter field: "100 italian stories for future building". It was a research on Italian Companies that worked in the building industry that stood up for innovative projects.

The research was made in partnership with Fassa Bortolo and the Triennale di Milano, with field's experts and MadeExpo such as technical partner.
The prize was given for Gaia3D printed house with Crane WASP technology using natural materials from the surrounding area.