WASP European's projects: CARMOF

This CARMOF project is a collaborative effort of European industrial and academic partners to design innovative CO2 absorbing materials at nanoscale (such as carbon nanotubes, CNTs, and metal organic frameworks, MOFs) and then to use 3D printer to realize membranes.

The project’s aim is to have a higher technology level to use as demonstration at industrial facilities. It's consortium has 15 partners from 9 different countries that are representing all the value chain. CARMOF project started in January 2018 and will last 48 months, and it has a total budget of about 6 million Euro. The project is funded by the European Commission's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program.


The CARMOF CO2 sorbent and process concept

A CARMOF consortium meeting was held at Vito (Belgium) on June, 2019 11th-12th to discuss the project progress and further planning.

Our first results

The first period has focused on the (hybrid) solid sorbent development for CO2 capture: functionalized Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs), Multi Walled Carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and Reduced Graphene oxide (rGO) combined with a polymer of choice.

Preliminary formulations of 3D printing composite pastes had promising results on the CO2 adsorption capacity. The diffusion paths through the composite are created by the MWCNT's presence. It's believed that it enables gas transport to the active CO2 adsorption sites.

Other materials' combinations are being further explored and 3D printed.


Past events

CARMOF project's results were presented at several relevant events and conferences, such as:

  • 1 & 2DM 2019 (January 2019, Tokyo)
  • GraphIn2019 (February 2019, Madrid)
  • CO2 REUSE 2019 conference (April 2019, Berlin)
  • CHEMUK 2019 Expo (May 2019, Harrogate)
  • Advanced Nanomaterials Conference 2019 (July 2019, Aveiro)

EU Horizon 2020 - IMPRESS Project

The European project Impress (New Easy to Install and Manufacture PRE-Fabricated Modules Supported by a BIM based Integrated Design Process), active from June 2015 to May 2019, represented a significant opportunity for the development of the Delta WASP 3MT 3D printer, offering innovative applications in the field of architectural design.

The aim of the project was to investigate new constructive scenarios designed to advance quality standards in the construction sector, based on manufacturing processes with an unprecedented technological value. Impress has focused mainly on the definition of new manufacturing and installation processes for panels for cladding facades, with considerable advantages in terms of industrial production, thermophysical performance and process repeatability.

Among the objectives of the project it was fundamental to establish a dialogue between the latest technologies, simultaneously involving 3D scanning, reconfigurable molding and 3D printing to obtain high-performance panels intended for the reconstruction of existing facades or the definition of formal languages ​​from the high aesthetic value.

WASP focused on the development of a 3D printer, Delta WASP 3MT, designed to offer productive advantages in the field of additive manufacturing with a reconfigurable extrusion set-up based on the needs of different sectors. In fact, thanks to the use of a wide range of materials, from technical polymers to clay-based mixtures, to cement mortars, it is possible to create functional objects with more articulated shapes within the large print volume.

This feature allows the printer in question to be considered among the most significant 3D technologies for the production of objects on an architectural scale. This progress was made possible thanks to the improvement of mechanics and electronics, guaranteeing precision and efficiency highly sought after in building practice.

WASP's activity in relation to the Impress project was strongly based on the creation of molds or portions of molds for architectural-scale paneling systems, designed by the consortium of partners and destined for validation by manufacturers to ensure the real application.

Some of the most important fairs in which the Delta WASP 3MT 3D printer was promoted are listed below:


Technology Hub Milan - June 2016

AM Show, Amsterdam - July 2016

Argillà, Faenza - August 2016

Maker Faire, Madrid - September 2016

Maker Faire, Rome - October 2016

Maker Faire, New York - October 2016

Maker Faire, Bilbao - October 2016


Smart manufacturing for a smart city, Milan - April 2017

Vision, London - June 2017

Maker Faire, Barcelona - June 2017

Maker Faire, Bilbao - October 2017

CosmoCaixa, Barcelona - October 2017

Maker Faire, Santiago - October 2017

Milan Triennale - November 2017


Technology Hub, Milan - March 2018

In3Dustry, Barcelona - October 2018