TOVA is Spain's first 3D printed building using raw earth

TOVA is Spain's first 3D printed building with Crane WASP

3D printed building using local earth

TOVA is the first 3D printed building in Spain, located at Valldaura Labs in Barcelona. It was built with the Crane WASP printer and 100% local materials and labor, generating zero waste and nearly zero carbon emissions.

This manufacturing system can be used globally to address housing emergencies, and was developed by the 3D Printing Architecture (3dPA) program at the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC).

TOVA is Spain's first 3D printed building using raw earth
Photos by © Gregori Civera

Spain's first 3D printed structure: the TOVA prototype

IAAC has completed the TOVA prototype at Valldaura Labs near Barcelona, Spain. The 3D printed structure was created using the Crane WASP printer and a mixture of earth, aloe, egg whites, and enzymes sourced from within a 50-meter radius of the construction site.

The prototype was designed to demonstrate sustainable building solutions for the design and architecture industries in Spain and generated no waste during the building process. Its foundation was made with a geo-polymer and topped with a wood roof, with a waterproof coating added to withstand extreme weather conditions.

TOVA being 3D printed with Crane WASP using km zero materials

Sustainable building solutions

The building takes into account the climatic conditions of the Mediterranean and has near-zero emissions. It can be used for a variety of applications, from homes to public spaces, and can reduce the environmental impact of construction.

The possible applications of this construction model are endless. In combination with other construction systems, it can accommodate complex and innovative buildings that would reduce the environmental impact that construction currently entails.

Extrusion detail of TOVA the 3D printed house with Crane WASP by IAAC
Photo by Mehdi Harrak
Side view of TOVA in Spain builded by IAAC with raw earth

IAAC and WASP's collaboration in sustainable 3D printing

IAAC and WASP have been working together for almost 5 years now. Since then, the two companies have not stopped collaborating in the field of additive manufacturing of sustainable architecture.

Students in IAAC's 3D Printing Architecture program are able to incorporate the institute's current knowledge and research with WASP technologies through mutual learning experiences.

This collaboration between WASP and universities and research centers around the world demonstrates WASP's commitment to shaping the future of 3D printing.

closeup of TOVA 3D printed building
Photo by Mehdi Harrak
Panoramic view of TOVA 3D printed sustainable building

Architectural 3D printer

TOVA was created using Crane WASP, a collaborative 3D printing system that can print houses using locally sourced materials, also known as Km 0 materials.

Crane WASP

Living Prototypes Digital Fabrication With Biomaterials

Living Prototypes | a collaborative European research project

Digital Fabrication With Biomaterials

Living Prototypes is a Collaborative Project on digitally fabricated prototypes for residential buildings using natural materials, developed by three teams of university research centers and industry partners across Europe.

WASP has participated in the project as IAAC's industry partner, focusing on the theme of Earth-Based buildings using natural materials and successfully creating Spain’s first 3D-printed building using earth.

The exhibition showcasing the outcomes of the project will be on display at the Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin from December 10, 2022, to January 25, 2023.

Living Prototypes Digital Fabrication With Biomaterials
Exhibition Opening of Living Prototypes

Project: Living Prototypes
Project coordinator: ANCB The Aedes Metropolitan Laboratory
Exhibition: 10 December 2022 - 25 January 2023, Aedes Architecture Forum
Photo credit:  Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

Research teams:
CITA – Centre for Information Technology and Architecture, Copenhagen and COBOD International A/S, Copenhagen

NATURAL FIBRE WINDING – Composite Installation in Existing Buildings
ITKE – Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE), University of Stuttgart and FibR GmbH, Kernen

LOCAL MATERIALS – 3D-Printed Earth-Based Buildings
IAAC – Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, Barcelona and WASP, Massa Lombarda

Introduction and aims

Living Prototypes was awarded research funding under the Zukunft Bau funding program of the Federal Institute on Building, Urban Affairs, and Spatial Development (BBSR) and is a collaboration between ANCB and university research centers and industry partners in Germany, Denmark, Spain, and Italy.

  • Three university-industry teams undertook the conception, design, planning, and fabrication of prototypes for everyday living spaces, using digital fabrication techniques and natural materials.
  • The project culminated with an exhibition at Aedes Architecture Forum in December 2022 presenting the fabrication process, the functionality, and the physical appearance of the prototypes.
  • In the exhibition, three separate prototypes made of earth, flax fibre and bioplastic, were brought together in a 1:1 scale installation built around a typical floorplan of a 1-bedroom apartment
Exhibition View of Living Prototypes in Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin
The exhibition showcasing the outcomes of the project will be on display at the Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin from December 10, 2022, to December 25, 2022.
Exhibition Closeup of Living Prototypes in Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin
Exhibition View of Living Prototypes in Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin

3D Printed Earth by IAAC and WASP

As part of the Living Prototypes project, IAAC and WASP developed TOVA: the first architectural construction in Spain located in the facilities of Valldaura Labs, Barcelona, built with a Crane WASP, the architectural 3D printer. The construction can be completed within weeks using 100% local materials and local labor, zero waste, and a close to virtually zero carbon emission footprint.

The project has been developed by a team of students and researchers from the 3D Printing Architecture (3dPA) postgraduate program of the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC).

Bioplastic prints by CITA and COBOD

Bioplastics are renewable, inexpensive, biodegradable and chemically diverse. Digital data analysis technologies, such as machine learning, make it possible to predict and control the behaviour of these complex materials during and after the printing process.

CITA and COBOD prototype components for interior spaces using two complementary bio-based materials (cellulose and bone glue). These suggest future circular material life cycles in buildings that are made possible by this adaptive manufacturing process.

Bioplastic prints by CITA and COBOD for Living Prototypes
3D-printing of the cellulose prototype at COBOD | 3D-printed cellulose panels interlocked as screen © CITA

Flaxe-Fibre Winding by ITKE and FibR

Robotic coreless fibre winding aims to optimise material efficiency in architectural components by avoiding formwork and material cutoffs. Material use corresponds to structural demands.

ITKE and FibR investigated robotic coreless fibre winding using natural flax fibres. Through the inter-material dialogue with other living prototypes at the Aedes exhibition, the project communicates the relevance of such material systems in future living spaces.

Flaxe-Fibre Winding by ITKE and FibR for Living Prototypes
Raw material for flax fibres | Robotic winding of flax fibre prototype © ITKE-ICD

Architectural 3D printer

Focusing on the theme of Earth-based buildings, WASP and IAAC created TOVA using Crane WASP, a collaborative 3D printing system that can print houses using locally sourced materials, also known as Km 0 materials.

Crane WASP

itaca wasp casa autosufficiente stampata 3d 01

Itaca: the self-sufficient and eco-sustainable 3D printed house


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A self-sufficient and eco-sustainable 3D printed house

On the occasion of the Italian Tech Week, WASP presented Itaca: a self-sufficient 3D printed house that uses the most innovative technologies of Space Economy to create a new eco-sustainable housing model.


 hydroponic cultivation
circular self-sufficient house

"Getting a place as harsh as the moon to be inhabited is hard to imagine, but science says it can be done. Why don't we apply the same technologies here on Earth, to get even the most extreme environments to be hospitable?

Massimo Moretti, founder of WASP

Itaca is an ecosystem that makes use of the technologies necessary to live in space in order to improve the quality of life in areas with scarce water, food and industrial fabric.

The project is designed to make a group of 4 people independent, making them able to live without electricity, water and gas connections.

Food, water and energy self-sufficiency in a 33 meters diameter

The project is based on the thesis that, on Earth, a space of 33 meters in diameter is sufficient to make up to 4 people independent.

Itaca represents a selection of technical solutions optimized to create a circular micro economy, while maintaining the environmental balance.

Itaca is a collective research and development model

The digitization of collective knowledge and digital manufacturing are the processes that guide the development of the project.

Itaca proposes itself as a collective research and development model, where all the solutions implemented are digitized and shared.

A 3D printed house with zero kilometer materials

The main structure of Itaca will be printed by Crane WASP using natural local materials.

The project consists in a 3D printed house developed with zero kilometer materials, in which digital manufacturing and knowledge provide us with food, energy and economic independence.

WASP IAAC 3d print extruder

"For us at WASP, Itaca represents a path towards food, water, energy and economic self-sufficiency. A proposal for a solution to the social, energy, climate, and mass migration crisis. For us, 3D printing and digitization are a response to the needs of humanity "

Massimo Moretti, founder of WASP

WASP has already purchased the land for the construction of Itaca

WASP believes in the project, and has already purchased a plot of land near Bologna, where it will build the first Itaca over the next year.

Itaca is a training project, an open-source laboratory in which everyone is invited to participate.

building plot for Itaca in Imola

3D printed art installation for Triennale Milano

A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano


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A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano

On the occasion of the 23rd International Exhibition of Triennale Milano, headed by Stefano Boeri, WASP and Space Caviar created an entirely 3D printed exhibition, using eco-sustainable materials of natural origin.

A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano by WASP - view 03
3D printed art installation for Triennale Milano

The thematic exhibition Unknown Unknowns, curated by Ersilia Vaudo, addresses a series of themes including: gravity, seen as “the greatest designer”, an artisan that tirelessly shake the universe to which we belong.

Conceived by Space Caviar and produced by WASP, the exhibition design explores gravity’s ability to shape reality. The exhibition space is designed so that it converses with a hypothetical gravitational point positioned at the center of the museum’s Curva where the exhibition itself is located.



3D printing inside a museum

For the first time ever the exhibition design is completely produced inside the museum itself. For the occasion, WASP has created 32 different pieces in just 10 days.

This collaboration is a brilliant example of how WASP technology is declinable and multidisciplinary.

Un allestimento stampato in 3D da WASP per Triennale Milano - foto di DSL Studio

Crane WASP collaborative 3D printing system

For this project WASP used the architectural 3D printer Crane WASP, a collaborative 3D printing system.

For the needs of this specific setup, WASP transported and assembled Crane WASP within the museum and mixed the material near the printer on the first floor of the Triennale.

Following the values of reuse and sustainability, the staging for the thematic exhibition was realized using only organic materials, largely deriving from the food industry.

This mixture, designed by Ricehouse, was used for the first time by WASP to create a 3D printed wall with embedded stairs in collaboration with IAAC. This work can be considered a first significant step towards the realization of load-bearing earthen structures.





Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer


A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano by WASP - Crane WASP - 01

Exhibition: Unknown Unknowns. An Introduction to Mysteries
Inauguration: July 15 2022, the exhibition will be open until December 11 2022
Location: Triennale Milano

Credits: photo  © DSL Studio

see Press Kit for more details

WASP at TF1 french tv channel

WASP at TF1 of French television

TF1, is the first French television channel for ratings and broadcasts two news bulletins a day, also the most followed in France. TF1 dedicated a video to the construction of the house of one's dreams using 3D printing and eco-sustainable materials. The French troupe came here to WASP to interview Massimo Moretti and to show our technology thanks to Gaia was born in 2018. Our founder told how to give shape to the oldest material in the world, the earth, to give life to new sustainable, solid and safe houses.

Below you can see the entire episode:

WASP IAAC 3d print extruder

Crane WASP at IAAC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (Barcellona)

Meeting between WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project) and IAAC (Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, Barcellona) was born almost 4 years ago and since then the two companies have not stopped collaborating and  developed research in the field of additive manufacturing of sustainable architecture.

WASP collaborates with Universities for research and innovation.

IAAC develops technological and architectural solutions in collaboration with Industry partners to answer the current needs and challenges of our habitat. WASP, born in 2012, aims to respond to human needs with 3D printing.  The house built at km0, using natural materials from the surrounding area  is a dream realized in 2018 with GAIA, then in 2020 with TECLA and, today, with two concept stores built on the Dubai beach for Dior. 

The first 3D printed earth wall with embedded staircase was designed by IAAC and built using Crane WASP  technology in 2019 at the end of the 3D Printing Architecture (3dPA). The desire to develop a new approach to architecture more in harmony with nature promotes exchange in different research areas which include the use of the CRANE WASP 3D printer, robotic manufacturing with new LDM WASP Extruder XXL, research on materials and performance-based design.

Today new developments that are based on mutual experiences, are born: they allow 3D printing Architecture students take advantage of the integration of IAAC’s ongoing knowledge and investigation with the latest WASP technologies.

This collaboration is a brilliant example of the WASP’s opening to Universities and Research Centers around the world to print together with the ways of the future.

3D printed pop-up store by WASP for Dior - view of the two modules

WASP 3D prints a unique concept store in collaboration with Dior


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A 3D printed pop-up store for Dior

On Dubai’s Jumeirah beach stands a unique Dior installation composed of two circular modules crafted from natural materials, using an exceptional 3D printing system designed by WASP.

3D printed concept store by WASP for Dior
3D printed pop-up store by WASP for Dior in Dubai

Inside, creations celebrating the gentle life – notably from the Dioriviera women’s collection designed by Maria Grazia Chiuri – are revealed by turn in acidic hues.

Iconic bags, such as the Dior Book Tote and the Dior Caro, mingle with the latest additions to the Dior 2022 cruise line, such as the Lady Dior in the horizontal East-West format and the Lady Dior Wicker baskets.

Also on display are Dior Maison essentials including deckchairs, parasols, cushions and bottles adorned with toile de Jouy. The emblematic design also features on the lounge chairs facing this audacious showcase that carries the promise of a dreamy interlude.

The 3D printed walls

This hi-tech feat pushes the boundaries of savoir-faire for WASP which for the first time, like a digital tailor, has designed a habitable structure in proportions never seen before.

In a fascinating architectural interplay, the cannage motif, a key House code, is revealed on the walls of this ephemeral boutique, 3d printed by WASP.

3d printed wall for Dior - texture detail

Crane WASP collaborative 3D printing system

The innovative spaces  of the Dior pop-up store were crafted from natural materials, combining clay, sand and raw fibers.

Using an exceptional 3D printing system designed by WASP to create 3D printed eco-housing from natural materials: the collaborative printing system Crane WASP.

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer

Dior pop-up store construction site in Dubai with Crane WASP

Project: Dior concept store
Inauguration: 25 October 2021, open until 22 March 2022
Location: Nammos Beach, Jumeirah, Dubai

Credits: photos  © Mohamed Somji

3D printed sculpture The House of Dust in front of Museum Wiesbaden

Crowdfunding for The House of Dust

The House of Dust with WASP and TinyBE

WASP together with Tinybe, has brought back to life The House of Dust, artwork of Visual Artist Alison Knowles.

external view of the house of dust
3D printed sculpture The House of Dust in front of Museum Wiesbaden
July 2021, The House of Dust in front of Wiesbaden Museum

The peculiarity is the usage of two pioneering technology each time: the first one in 1968 with a rudimentary Artifical Intelligence and now in 2021 with 3D printing earth.

The first two guests that spent a night inside the sculpture

internal view of The House of Dust
Interior view of the scultprue

The House of Dust is available to host guests, in the daytime or at the night. The interiors has been furnished with a Television and a double bed.

Here some videos of the printing process

The printer used is Crane WASP, the printer to build houses and sculpture with a mixture of earth and natural fibers.

Alison Knowles joined the event in streaming, through a Screen placed in front of the sculpture.

Nozzle: 3cm
Slicing software: Grasshopper
Sculpture area: 16 mq

Corwdfunding campaign has been a success!

TinyBE has organized a Crowdfunding campaign to support the printing of a visionary sculpture by visual artist Alison Knowles and asked us to join by providing the 3D printer.

The House of Dust is an evolving artwork that unify poetry, architecture and computer science created by Alison Knowles in 1968. Visual Artist re-proposes her masterpiece now, implementing it with the usage of a 3D printer to build the structure. The printer that it will be used to create it is our Crane WASP.

Model of the concept of The House of the dust by Alison Knowles

The habitable structure will be printed in front of the Museum Wiesbaden, if the Crowdfunding by TinyBe will reach the goal. Here you can find the button to participate in the Crowdfunding Campaign.

Alison Knowles

Alison Knowles is an american Visual Artist internationally renowned for her performances, installations and publications. Born in 1933, she was active in the downtown art scene of New York in the 1960s, collaborating with estimated artists like Marcel Duchamp. She graduated in Fine Arts at Pratt Institute and received an honor doctorate by the Institute in 2015.

Alison Knwoles in her young age

Artist Alison knowles young speaking about performance

She was a founding member of the Fluxus movement, an international network of artists that emphasize the process of making art, more than the final piece. They promote a 'do-it-yourself' attitude, performing in random locations and using all kind of materials to create art.

She is one of the artists that have changed the paradigm of contemporary art. Her artworks are exhibited in many prestigious museums like MOMA. Now she decided to bring to life again one of her masterpieces: The House of Dust, rethinking the building process using the latest technologies. To celebrate her contribution to the world of arts, we can help all together supporting the Crowdfunding Campaign.

Below, the interview of the Artist about her vision of the revised The House of Dust.

Alison Knowles shows the mesh of The House of Dust
Here you can see Alison now, keeping on create mesmerizing artworks.

Interview to Alison Knowles

How would you describe your artwork THE HOUSE OF DUST?

AK: My sculpture for tinyBE – living in a sculpture is the most contemporary iteration of THE HOUSE OF DUST. Generated by a computer as a poem in 1967, it was coded in FORTRAN IV on a mainframe computer with collaboration by James Tenney (Composer in Residence at Bell Labs) as one of the first computer generated poems and an early form of artificial intelligence.

The algorithm generates quatrains describing different houses and their living situations, without repeating before processing its chance set that contains thousands of unique possibilities. After winning a Guggenheim grant for this pioneer computer poem, I created the first architectural structure while I was in New York City.

visitors of the house of dust in 1970

Photo of the House of dust in the 1970

Later, I had it relocated and rebuilt at CAL ARTS, in California, where I was teaching. Since then, other curators and historians have designed temporary structures to be built based on the poem, in academic or semi-academic contexts.
After many years tinyBE presents the new generation of technology for building a livable structure -- THE HOUSE OF DUST realized by automated printing using robotics.

How did you come up with the idea of realizing your artwork THE HOUSE OF DUST using a 3D printer?

AK: The building process is an opportunity to realize the structure in an on-site intermedia-action-event. While the poem is printed and read, it meets up with a three dimensional structure also being printed by computer. THE HOUSE OF DUST has been waiting for this technical break-through implied by poem’s focus.

Casa stampata in 3d, Crane WASP
Crane WASP, the printer that will be used to create the sculpture

Your work is exploring the nexus of art, technology and architecture. In 1968 the computer-generated poem was translated into a physical structure whereby the viewers were invited to interact with the house. In what way will this new edition enable viewers to interact with your work?

AK: The public is invited to observe the printing process. By reactivating the concept of THE HOUSE OF DUST we do not only introduce this pioneering technology to the public, we’ll also use sustainable raw materials such as clay.

Viewers will be able to visit and inhabit a sustainable sculpture. They are taking part in a historical experience, prominently placed in front of the entrance of the Landesmuseum Wiesbaden, a natural environment supported by an institution globally known for its decades long support of Fluxus. THE HOUSE OF DUST will be a habitable space in public and an important contemporary Fluxus experience.

alison knowles with house of dust in 1970

View of the house of dust in the 1970

What makes the work THE HOUSE OF DUST so captivating from your point of view?

AK: THE HOUSE OF DUST has taken into consideration that architecture is becoming more fluid, it provides a linguistic structure that recognizes the inflow of new factors in living. By relaunching (and redefining) THE HOUSE OF DUST I’m able to engage the latest technical advances.

What in your opinion are the advantages of 3D printed artworks?

AK: The cost of printing artworks like the new version of THE HOUSE OF DUST is minimal by comparison to standard construction methods. Not only it is low-cost but also environmentally friendly and fast.

MARCH 2021

Crowdfunding campaign

If the Campaign will reach the goal, the structure will be printed in front of the Museum Wiesbaden and will remain there from 26 June to 26 September 2021. Visitors will be able to enter the house and also stay there for the night. The sculpture exhibition will be hosted by the non-profit organization tinyBE.

What happens with the funding raised?

The House of Dust artwork is being made possible by people like you!
There are already numerous public and private supporters, like Frankfurt's head of culture Dr. Ina Hartwig, Frankfurt RheinMain Kulturfondsthe, City of Wiesbaden, the Hessian Ministry of Science and Art, and others.

The renowned architectural firm Zaeske und Partner is working pro bono for Alison Knowles, but unfortunately, that is still not enough to also produce the sculpture in Wiesbaden with the use of 3D printing. All the money raised from this crowdfunding campaign will be spent on the production of Alison Knowles’ artwork.

The Crowdfunding campaign has raised more money than the set goal, thanks to all the participants. The printing has started the 15th of June and the final result has been presented on 30th of June.

The external view of The house of Dust completed: here you can see the pattern of the walls.



tinyBE is a global platform for artistic visions of sustainable forms of living. As a creative lab tinyBE offers a series of exhibitions of habitable artworks in public spaces and a free space for a discourse on meaningful life: ‘the tinyBE way’.

tinyBe logo

The project has been made possible thanks to the collaboration between WASP, TinyBE, Zaeske Architekten, Karriebau Gruppe. Material supplied by Ricehouse.

Tecla 3D printed house using Crane WASP

TECLA | A 3D printed global habitat for sustainable living


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The challenge of TECLA, the eco-sustainable 3D printed habitat, took form. “From the shapeless earth to the earth as house shaped”.

We completed the printing phase of the TECLA supporting structure, the first and unique fully 3D printed construction based on natural materials and made with multiple 3D printers operating at the same time. The innovative habitat model engineered by WASP and designed by MC A – Mario Cucinella Architects took form, a new circular model of housing entirely created with reusable and recyclable materials, sourced from local soil, carbon-neutral and adaptable to any climate and context.

TECLA (which takes its name from Technology and Clay) was made in Massa Lombarda (Ravenna – Italy) with Crane WASP – WASP’s brand new 3D printer in the construction sector – it represented a real challenge for 3D printing, maximizing the performance of a material among the oldest and at the same time among the most stimulating for the future of the green economy: the raw earth.

TECLA is in fact the peak of advanced research between matter and technology, it is the achievement of an unparalleled challenge that has brought the printing geometry to its physical limit. The project represents an unprecedented perspective for buildings and new settlements, in which the value of local raw materials is amplified by digital design. The double dome solution made it possible to cover at the same time the roles of structure, roof and external cladding, making the house high-performance on all aspects.

«From the shapeless earth to the earth as house shaped. Today we have the knowledge to build with no impact in a simple click. – says Massimo Moretti, WASP Founder – Technology is now at the human service and the home as a birthright is real.»

«The completion of the structure is an important milestone and shows that, thanks to the design and technologies used, TECLA is no longer just a theoretical idea but can be a real and achievable response to the needs of living today and the future, that can be declined in different contexts and latitudes», underlines Mario Cucinella, Founder of Mario Cucinella Architects and SOS – School of Sustainability.

Inspired by potter wasp, since 2012 WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project) have been developing viable construction processes based on the principles of circular economy and digital fabrication. On the market since 2021, WASP produces 3D-printed houses in the shortest possible time and in the most sustainable way with the first multi-printer Crane WASP system, the company’s flagship of the construction line and the newco WASP On Site the company’s benchmark in architecture.

Crane WASP is the world’s first modular and multilevel 3D printer designed to collaboratively build singular and even more extensive architectural works.

The system is configured according to project needs and defines the structure of a safe and extremely efficient construction site. Each printer unit has a printing area of 50 square meters and therefore makes it possible to build independent living modules, of any shape, in a few days.

TECLA is the first eco-habitat built using, at the same time, multiple Crane WASP collaborative printers and it is the demonstration that 3D technology is able to create buildings by optimizing the construction process and minimizing the use of human and energy resources. The construction process can be replicated from time to time, thanks to the WASP Maker Economy Starter Kit, consisting of multiple 3D printers and a complex system of picking, mixing and pumping materials.

For the first time in the world, two printing arms have been synchronized as part of a construction, thanks to software capable of optimizing movements, avoiding collisions and ensuring simultaneous operation. The WASP proprietary software used for TECLA is the synthesis of years of research that have led to the computerization of shapeless matter, managing to build the imaginable.

TECLA can be synthesized in: 200 hours of printing, 7000 machine codes (G-code), 350 layers of 12 mm, 150 km of extrusion, 60 cubic meters of natural materials for an average consumption of less than 6 kW.

The final installation of TECLA and its presentation are scheduled for Spring 2021.

TECLA, a 3D printed global habitat for sustainable living

WASP and MC A – Mario Cucinella Architects have embarked on the construction of an innovative model for a 3D printed habitat and will be launching the first prototype near Bologna, Italy. Born from a vision to provide a home for everyone at a time of exponential population increase and an associated lack of affordable housing, TECLA is a new circular housing model, created using entirely reusable, recyclable materials taken from the local terrain.  Built using Crane WASP – the latest innovation in on-site 3D construction, TECLA represents a step-change in the move towards eco-housing.

TECLA - 3d printed house

WASP takes inspiration from the potter wasp. We build 3D printed houses using earth found on the spot, under a sustainable perspective. The oldest material and a state of the art technology merge to give new hope to the world. GAIA, our first 3D printed house made with raw earth, was born a year ago. Today with our partners we are printing TECLA an entire eco-sustainable habitat. The planet is asking for a joint project that we share with Mario Cucinella.

Massimo Moretti

Together with WASP we aim at developing an innovative 3D-printed prototype for a habitat that responds to the increasingly urgent climate revolution and the needs of changes dictated by community needs. We need a paradigm shift in the field of architecture that gets closer to the needs of people, thus finding an answer for the “Earth” within the “earth”. A collaboration that becomes the union between empathic architecture and the application of new technologies.

Mario Cucinella

A United Nations report published in 2017 demonstrates that the current global population of 7.6 billion people is expected to reach 11.2 billion in 2100, and in 2030 nearly 5 billion people are expected to live in cities. Consequently, governments are faced with substantial challenges related to housing solutions. With more and more rural areas being incorporated into cities, it is the idea  of city itself that must be challenged.

Designed by MC A and engineered and built by WASP

Taking inspiration from potter wasps, since 2012, WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project) have been developing viable construction processes based on the principles of circular economy, that will create 3D printed houses in the shortest period of time, and in the most sustainable way possible.
TECLA will be the first habitat to be built using multiple collaborative 3D printers, offering a greater scope of scale than ever before.
Used in the context of a wider masterplan, TECLA has the potential to become the basis for brand new autonomous eco-cities that are off the current grid.

TECLA will be the first house to be entirely 3D printed using locally sourced clay

A biodegradable and recyclable ‘km 0 natural’ material which will effectively make the building zero-waste.
It will be built to adapt to multiple environments, and it will be suitable for self-production through the use of WASP’s innovative Maker Economy Starter Kit.
This approach will limit industrial waste and offer a unique sustainable model that will boost the national and local economy, improving the wellbeing of communities.
Furthermore, the scheme will significantly accelerate the construction process as the 3D printer will produce the entire structure at once.

TECLA was developed using in-depth research undertaken by the SOS - School of Sustainability

A professional school founded by Mario Cucinella that combines education, research and practice.
The research, conducted with the support of MA students from the Sustainable Environmental Design programme at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, explored the cause and effects of homelessness.
It interrogated the use of technological advances to enable a solution, based on case studies in locations with different climates.
The result is a highly flexible envelope, designed to be resilient to any climate and energy-efficient in a way that traditional housing models are not.

TECLA - Maker Economy Starter Kit - WASP
TECLA - 3d printed house - 3d model
TECLA - 3d printed earth wall - Crane WASP - 02
TECLA - 3d printed earth wall section by Crane WASP

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer

TECLA - 3d printed earth house

Partners and technology

The collaboration between MC A and WASP has been supported by Mapei, a worldwide producer of construction materials, which has studied the clay materials and identified the key components within the raw earth mixture to create the final highly optimised printable product. Structural tests were carried out by Milan Ingegneria, a Milan-based engineering consultancy, which worked on the optimisation of the shape in order to create a self-supporting structure.  The frames, customised and highly-efficient, have been engineered and produced by Capoferri, a company specialised in architectural frames and always at the forefront of technological advances, while the landscaping has been curated by Frassinago, a multidsciplinary company that includes a design studio that deals with landscape architecture, and a firm specialized in the gardening and outdoor sector. RiceHouse provided technical consultancy about bio-materials deriving from rice cultivation waste, which affected the thermal performance and living comfort of the building envelope. The lighting project, developed both internally and externally with the aim of achieving the maximum flexibility and sustainability of the intervention, has been developed by Lucifero’s.

TECLA received planning approval in May 2019, commenced printing in September 2019. The final installation and its presentation are scheduled for Spring 2021.

A project by WASP & Mario Cucinella Architects

WASP Engineering and 3D printing construction
Mario Cucinella Architects Architectural design and management

In collaboration with:

SOS – School of Sustainability Research partner
Mapei Materials consultancy and supply
Milan Ingegneria Structural consultancy
Capoferri Frames engineering and production
RiceHouse Bio-materials consultancy and supply
Frassinago Landscaping
Lucifero’s Lighting design
Imola Legno: Timber solutions consultancy and supply
Primat • Terracruda®: Earthen floor supply
Cefla: Electrical solutions supply

Under the patronage of:

Municipality of Massa Lombarda

Sponsored by:


Press Office
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ZERO Impact Houses, WASP on the tv show Striscia la Notizia!

WASP with the 3D printed house of the future on Striscia la Notizia

Cristina Gabetti in the special "Occhio al Futuro" (Eye to the Future) on the tv show "Striscia la Notizia" interviews Massimo Moretti of WASP and Tiziana Monterisi of Ricehouse srl on the house of the future 3D printed with raw earth and rice processing waste. The good of technology at the service of man.

Gaia, 3D printed house with raw earth

WASP presents Gaia, the first 3D printed house by the new Crane WASP technology with natural materials from the surrounding area.

Casa stampata in 3d, fronte

casa stampata in 3d, muro

3D Printing for Sustainable Living

3D Printing for Sustainable Living

After the construction of Gaia, the first architectural model 3D printed with raw earth using the Crane WASP, the company starts a new technological phase in view of Expo 2020.

"Everyone in the world will have a fine, healthy, sustainable, self-sufficient and ecological home for birthright. The earth is our witness, took form in Gaia.”
Massimo Moretti

WASP introduces “3D Printing for Sustainable Living
for the coming 2019, a long-term program, focused on the development of
construction processes through 3D printing and digital fabrication,
towards a new concept of house building.

As already announced in the conference “A Call to save the World”, WASP runs for a collaboration with partners belonging to every sector, from architectural design to the university research, from humanitarian associations to national ministries, able to fully share the project. It proposes a strategic program of constructive activities, expressly designed for on-site 3D printing and developed through the use of local raw materials.

Gaia, the first architectural model 3D printed using
 the innovative technology of Crane WASP and  launched in
October 2018, is an integral part of the program and represents a case-study,
crucial to fully understand the potentialities offered by the additive
manufacturing in the field of construction. The mentioned construction embodies
an advanced eco-sustainable model, especially in light of performances
provided by the walls in terms of interior comfort and in light of cost
, thanks to the use of raw earth and natural waste.

WASP, aware of future
opportunities in the field of green building, runs for representing a real
leader of housing market thanks to technological willingness offered and
established network of collaborators able to share and foster the project. In
this regard, the company, available to perform the vision compatible with
requests of each partner, intends to create an eco-district, which might
implement the goals of “3D Printing for Sustainable Living” and put in place constructive
strategies replicable
in every environmental circumstances.

Expected partners:

  • Universities of Engineering, Architecture, Economics;
  • Ministries: Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Internal, Defense, Economics and Finance, Economic Development, Food and Forestry Agricultural Policies and Tourism, Environment and Protection of Land and Sea, Infrastructure and Transport, Labor and Social Policies, Education, University and Research, Cultural Heritage and Activities, Health;
  • Humanitarian associations and Onlus;
  • Public and private authorities;
  • Banking institutions and foundations.

“3D Printing for
Sustainable Living” is based on the following main macro-areas:

  • Promotion of human and material resources from the territory 
  1. Employment of local manpower devoid of advanced training;
  2. Capitalization of human knowledge;
  3. Democratisation of technology for production purposes;
  4. Use of materials easily found on site;
  5. Employment of renewable energy sources.
  • Sustainability of construction process with low environmental impact
  1. Reduction in transport operations and costs with consequent logistics improvement;
  2. Reduced use of concrete;
  3. Employment of natural waste from the agricultural chain and consequent reduction of CO2 emission;
  4. Planning of the construction lifecycle;
  5. Reduction in the costs of construction.
  • Recycling materials
  1. Recycling natural waste from the agricultural chain;
  2. Rubble-recycling;
  3. Significant material saving thanks to controlled deposition.
  • Digitalization of construction site
  1. Mistakes-reduction due to on-site measuring with consequent overcoming of the traditional means of measurement;
  2. Constant definition of correct spatial coordinates;
  3. Monitoring of construction site;
  4. 3D scanning for digital data acquisition;
  5. Feedback between digital and real data; correction among possible construction issues.
  • Multi-purposes construction
  1. Achievement of high construction performances thanks to controlled material deposition;
  2. Embedding of supply facilities during construction, avoiding secondary working;
  3. Thermal insulation and natural ventilation directly on the wall construction;
  4. Coordinated use of multiple methods of digital fabrication, included CNC technology and prefab techniques.
  • Digital design
  1. Digitalization of construction project, available as a 3D printing digital file;
  2. Sharing digital contents available on the Internet;
  3. Replicability of the architectural project thanks to the versatility of 3D technology
  4. High constructive quality;
  5. Realization of architectural shapes non-realizable with ordinary methods;
  6. Employment of material optimization algorithm for construction purposes;
  7. Integrated design with BIM software.

3d printed wall, staircase

3D printed earth wall with embedded staircase

3D printed earth wall with embedded staircase

IAAC and WASP present an innovative prototype of a 3D printed wall designed and engineered by IAAC and realised by Crane WASP within the Open Thesis Fabrication research (OTF), a programme of the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC) focused on additive manufacturing in the field of construction.

This wall continues the research already undertaken in the cases-study Digital Adobe Wall (IAAC) and Gaia (WASP), the 3D printed earthen house, enhancing the design opportunities of on-site 3D printing  towards the achievement of multi-purpose architectural systems, able to promote the development of new construction scenarios.

3d printed wall, front

WASP and IAAC have set their focus on a collaboration that results in proposing an architectural solution for affordable sustainable housing for and partially built by the people. Thanks to international networks with universities of architectural design, WASP gives the possibility to use the company labs and technologies, taking part in the current architecture lines of research.

At IAAC, an institute that explores the future of architecture and construction, students and researchers develop projects that aim to propose urban, architectural and construction solutions arising from the use of new technologies and, in turn, incorporates computer design and analysis to provide innovative solutions for a more sustainable habitat and city.

The 3D printing technology is progressively considered a viable construction strategy because of the advancement in design methods refined by educational programmes. In this line, IAAC’s Open Thesis Fabrication programme train researchers and practitioners on computational design, material engineering and robotic fabrication to foster new design opportunities on bioclimatic architecture.

About the prototype

The prototype 1:1 represents a wall portion 40 cm thick, with timber elements interlocked, providing support for stairs and floor structures, accurately designed for being anchored to the printed part. This work can be considered a first significant step towards the realization of load-bearing earthen structures. Indeed, the wall has been realized employing a mixture of clay and rice fibres, provided by RiceHouse for this specific purpose.

The printing process took 40 hours, with an overall material amount of 2 cubic meters, by modelling internally multiple surfaces able to confer both solidity and aesthetic expressivity. In light of results obtained with Gaia and this project, Crane WASP becomes an increasingly useful tool for transferring design logic into real construction models, easily allowing the experimentation of innovative architectural systems and promoting the progress of 3D printing in the construction industry.

About the collaboration

With this collaboration, WASP and IAAC underpin a strategic programme of shared projects, research and ongoing activities aimed at establishing 3D printing on-site solutions for affordable and sustainable housing, with the ultimate mission of consolidating a network of partners across all sectors, from architectural design to university research, from humanitarian associations to international organisations such as already done by IAAC and UN Habitat.

in collaboration with

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer



Ufficio stampa Maurizio Andreoli mail:
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WASP on Idealista

Read more > Idealista news

Casa stampata in 3d, fronte

The first 3D printed House with earth | Gaia

The 3d printed house Gaia

On the occasion of the “Viaggio a Shamballa” event and the “A call to save the world” conference, WASP presents Gaia, a case study of 3D printed house using the new Crane WASP  technology with natural materials from the surrounding area. The Italian company’s commitment, since its origins in 2012, has been constantly aimed to the development of equipment for additive manufacturing on an architectural scale and the inauguration of Gaia represents an important milestone, also in light of all the researches conducted in the 3d printing field, in the design and materials study, researches that, in 2015, have allowed the realization of the 12 meters BigDelta WASP 12MT.

Casa stampata in 3d, fronte

Gaia, a new eco-sustainable house model designed and built using the 3D printer called Crane WASP.

A new eco-sustainable house model

Gaia, whose name is due to the use of raw soil as the main binder of the constituent mixture, can be considered a new eco-sustainable architectural model with particular attention to the use of natural waste materials, coming from the rice production chain and oriented to the construction of particularly efficient masonry from a bioclimatic and healthy point of view. This research was also possible thanks to the collaboration with RiceHouse.

casa stampata in 3d, lato

“The Potter Wasp Is Our Development Model, A Perfect Approach To Building Low Cost Houses With Zero Kilometer Natural Material”

Massimo Moretti

Natural materials and bioclimatic aspects

Gaia is a highly performing module both in terms of energy and indoor health, with an almost zero environmental impact. Printed in a few weeks thanks to its masonry, it does not need heating or an air conditioning system, as it maintains a mild and comfortable temperature inside both in winter and in summer.

For the realization of Gaia, RiceHouse supplied the vegetable fibers through which WASP has developed a compound composed of 25% of soil taken from the site (30% clay, 40% silt and 30% sand), 40% from straw chopped rice, 25% rice husk and 10% hydraulic lime. The mixture has been mixed through the use of a wet pan mill, able to make the mixture homogeneous and workable.

in collaboration with

casa stampata in 3d, muro

From design to construction

The bioclimatic project by RiceHouse takes advantages of the passive contribution of the sun thanks to its South West orientation where a large window is positioned to optimize natural light, but in particular is centered in the stratigraphy both in the roof, made of wood with an insulation in lime+chaff (RH300), both in the lime+chaff screed, light but thermal that allow to reach an energy requirement equal to a class A4. The monolithic wall printed in 3D was then finished internally with a shaving clay-lamina (RH400), smoothed and oiled with linseed oils.

The external casing, completely 3D printed on-site through the Crane WASP, has been designed with the aim of integrating natural ventilation systems and thermo-acoustic insulation systems in only one solution. The deposition of the material based on raw earth, straw and rice husk is controlled through articulated weaves able to confer at the same time constructive solidity and geometric variation along the entire wall development. The versatility of the computational design is in fact made possible in the construction practice thanks to the precision and speed of the 3D technology, obtaining complex geometries, difficult to replicate with the traditional construction systems. It took 10 days for the realization of the 3d printed casing, for a total of 30 square meters of wall whose thickness is 40 cm and the total cost of the materials used in the wall structure is € 900.

Possible developments and scenarios

On the basis of the data experimented with Gaia, it is possible to concretely conceive new economic scenarios in which one hectare of cultivated paddy field can become 100 square meters of built area.

Gaia experience offers the opportunity to divulge the multiple potential that 3D printing can express thanks to the world agricultural resources, guaranteeing a minimum environmental impact in addition to infinite design solutions, essential in a new living frontier vision.

Casa stampata in 3d, Crane WASP

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer


Project: Gaia Inauguration: 6-7 October 2018 Location: Via Castelletto 104, Massa Lombarda (RA) Design: WASP In collaboration with: RiceHouse 3d printer: Crane WASP Surface: 20 sq.m. Printed building envelope: 30 sq.m. Total materials’ cost of the wall: 900 € Materials: Raw soil, straw, rice husk, lime. Construction time: 10 days


Press Office
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FAQ Frequently asked questions and insights

GAIA is the result of our 7 years of research in the field of 3D printing and architecture, we strongly wanted this architectural module to demonstrate which is the current potential of 3D printing in the architectural field, with its advantages and its limitations, and has an immersive experience for our guests.

GAIA was built with an evolution of traditional raw earth construction techniques. Great importance in this type of construction is given to the foundation, fundamental to avoid dangerous infiltration of water from the ground and to avoid breakage due to differential ground subsidence. In our case the foundation is made up of parts molded in cement mortar and reinforced concrete castings that also serve for the joint of the structure. The masonry in raw earth rests on a concrete slab and contains inside: the system of systems, the thermal insulation system and the external wall ventilation system. The glulam roof is supported by a pillar structure also made of laminated wood, embedded in the foundation, this guarantees the usability of the spaces in total safety.

The thermal performance exceeded the design expectations, and proved to be very satisfactory. The average thermal transmittance of the molded masonry of the module is 0.249 W / m2K and makes possible, thanks to the excellent performance of the floor and roof elements, the cataloging of Gaia in energy class A4. We are also monitoring internal environmental parameters to get a real feedback on the calculated values.

The GAIA architectural module has a physical protection against atmospheric agents, the wide covering guarantees a good protection against thunderstorms. The material used does not have any type of chemical protection that would alter its composition, nevertheless, there were no problems of washing out erosion.

GAIA was designed to be built in Massa Lombarda (RA) Italy and therefore complies with all current construction standards. The printed portion is loaded only by its own weight and appears as an external padding to the lamellar wood structure which supports the roof. Although our intent is to build entirely printed buildings, at the moment our technology does not allow us to provide the molded portions with a resistance and such resistance as to allow them to be used structurally in areas deemed to be at risk from earthquakes.

  1. Customizable design: freedom of form, from the simplest to the most complex geometries generated by CAD software;
  2. High energy efficiency: the building envelope with earth, straw and husk, with insulation and ventilation chambers guarantees excellent transmittance values
  3. Advanced material: mixing earth, straw and rice husk, it is possible to obtain a composite and fiber-reinforced material suitable for 3D printing. The presence of vegetable fibers limits shrinkage during drying and significantly reduces the fragility of the earth material.
  4. Low impact material: the energy needed to transform the soil into 3D printing material is very little, but even less is that necessary for its disposal, in fact unless building is not maintained, it will soon be ground again.
  5. Speed ​​of construction: 2 men can build an enclosure that protects 20 square meters of floor space in 10 days.
  6. High Tech / Low Tech: new life to traditional techniques, in our case an ancient material such as raw earth combined with straw becomes with 3D printing a highly performing and workable material, like the most advanced building materials.
  7. Dissemination of knowledge: thanks to 3D printing, architectural projects can become processes capable of adapting to different contexts, this would increase the possibility of sharing knowledge connected to building on a global scale.
  8. Curative walls: we are developing a system of diffusion of essential oils inside the walls of the building to repel mosquitoes and parasites without using harmful substances. This system would guarantee the use of repellents without having direct contact with building users.
  9. Reuse of materials: all our projects are born to be placed in a circular economic model, for this reason waste materials such as soil, waste from the agri-food chain and rubble can be used for new constructions.

The construction times are related to the type of material that is used:

  1. Using our mixture of raw earth and straw it is possible to extrude at a speed of 4200 mm / min with a maximum feed in height of 300 mm in 24 h to allow the drying of the material. This allowed us to print a wall consisting of 7 layers of 2.70 m high in 100 hours for a total of 22 km of car route. By simplifying the geometry, it is possible to reduce printing times to reach the desired height, but this does not coincide with our desire to obtain high performance walls.
  2. If you intend to use cement-based mixtures or that in any case by means of a chemical reaction they have a rapid change in state (from liquid to solid), it is possible to increase the progress in height reaching a limit of 150 mm / h. The speed of movement of the printer is instead related to the fluidity of the material, with well-calibrated materials it is possible to reach 6000 mm / min.

GAIA is a unique case in the world, because it is tangible evidence that the principles of the circular economy can be applied in the construction and 3D technology sector. Gaia is the result of a limited and optimized use of agricultural resources, which through technology have been converted into a complex building envelope with minimal environmental impact. We also believe it is possible to develop materials suitable for extrusion using mixtures of materials found on sites different from ours, without neglecting the possibility of using debris and rubble of pre-existing buildings properly shredded and mixed with new binders.

GAIA is an architectural module derived from the desire of showing the full potential of our technology capable of using materials at zero Km, however it would be possible to realize the same concrete wall, but losing all the benefits of a construction in natural materials.

The shape of GAIA was born from the aim of obtaining the largest surface area possible with a single printer unit, the circular plan therefore allows to maximize the walkable area and reduce the wall surface. However, it is possible to print buildings with any imprint on the ground, in addition the Crane WASP is made to meet any size requirement. You can also print multi-storey buildings by editing the Crane WASP during printing, as long as the material used for printing allows it.

To build the walls of GAIA were used:

  1. 800 kg of rice husk, 150 kg of rice straw, 11000 kg of ground soil and 800 kg of natural hydraulic lime. The masonry has a maximum height of 2.70 m for a total area of ​​30 square meters and a thickness that varies from 45 to 35 cm.
  2. The Crane WASP has a steady-state absorption of 1.1 Kw / h, while the pumping system has a steady-state absorption of 2.0 Kw / h. 290 Kw of electricity were used to complete the masonry of GAIA.
  3. The entire printing phase of 100 hours was followed by a person in charge of the preparation of the material and one in the 3D printing control, for a total of 200 hours of manpower.

GAIA is an architectural project that includes multiple processes. WASP has currently carried out research aimed at developing innovative systems for masonry and foundations.

The evaluation of construction costs, comparing the 3D printed buildings with the ordinary ones, is not right because it does not make customers aware of the technological value of the former. It is instead appropriate to compare the opportunities offered by 3D technology in terms of constructive efficiency, spatial articulation and energy performance.

Currently the company intends to evaluate the critical issues of the system and to bring the level of process automation to a higher level. The next step will be to approach the building world as a supplier of on-site 3D printing services. In a couple of years, when the whole system will reach a high degree of reliability, we will proceed with the sale of all the equipment necessary for printing.

The interest and development of buildings through 3D printing is growing exponentially, however it is still difficult to imagine a real market spread in the upcoming years. WASP will be the protagonist in the evolution of this technology, offering new construction perspectives and new models of living.

muro stampato in 3d, terra

Viaggio a Shamballa

6 th and e 7 th October 2018
Crane WASP The infinite 3d printer

Presentation of the new technology for architectural 3d printing

We have been working on this project for 2 years in order to optimize and develop the technology and finally we are proud to introduce the WASP reached goal. Without forgetting our origin we look ahead towards the future and the result is a new 3d printer for architectural scale.

The Crane WASP  “ the infinite 3d printer” will be presented on 6 th and e 7 th October in Massa Lombarda.  A collaborative 3d printing system able to print Houses; it can be put in the “Maker Economy Starter Kit”; it prints material from the place of origin ( 0 km) taking example from our distinctive symbol: the potter wasp. During the event also the study-case of 2018 : Gaia will be presented. This is a the first module in soil ever realized with the 3d print- technology . It’s a structure obtain by soil straw and compost from food waste.

You can visit also the whole area with the working in progress and the progresses from the first “Shamballa” together with an exhibition of works realized belonging to the most different fields: House, Art, Energy, Digital Fabrication, Health, Food.

hero image credits: WASP hub Venezia

Our Press Office is directed by:
Maurizio Andreoli

Download here the press kit


Viaggio a Shamballa event 6th and 7th October 2018

First day 6th October 2018

Morning: Ex-Chiesa del Carmine via rustici 2 Massa Lombarda (RA) Italy 

Afternoon: via Castelletto 104 Massa Lombarda (RA) Italy 

Free Entry without reservation 


Conference Meeting:  on 6th October 2018 in  Massa Lombarda (RA) at Ex-Chiesa del Carmine

A CALL TO SAVE THE WORLD: Large-scale 3d printing and green building

The most important experts from all over the world meet to discuss the state of Art. WASP  launches a new proposal: the collaborative 3d printing system: the  WASP Crane or the infinite 3D printer.

GAIA the  2018 case study will be presented too. A Living module 3d printed with soil,  straw, and waste from food.  In the afternoon Visitors interested can experience the Technological park.


H 9.00 – 10.00 Registration and welcome

H 10.00 – 11.00  WASP introduction

from  Big Delta 12m to Wasp Crane the infinite –Massimo Moretti CEO

WASP Crane a collaborative 3d printing system  – WASP Team

GAIA a 3d  printed module in terrain and chaff – WASP Team & RICEHOUSE

H 11.00  coffee break

H 11.15 Guests- speeches  with  contemporary experience sharing from several groups involved in the  house3d printing

H 12.00  Round Table: exchange of know-how and experiences.

Moderator: Alessandro Ranellucci

H 13.00  lunch break

H  14.30  To the  WASP Technology Park / Via Castelletto 104 Massa Lombarda (Ra)

Press point: interviews – photos and videoes (for appointments and information please contact:

Lecture by the President of the Emilia Romagna Region Stefano Bonaccini and the Mayor of Massa Lombarda Daniele Bassi

H  15.30  visiting the park: Travelling to Shamballa

  • Technical explanation of WASP Crane
  • Showing the 3d printed case-studies realized with the new Crane WASP: Gaia a soil 3d  printed module, Totem StarGate 3d printed with eco-friendly concrete, Mockup a wall section 3d printed.
  • Virtual reality with Artigitale: a great experience inside Shamballa

H 18.00 Techno Freak party nerds going crazy For those who want to have fun with us: Wasp Party!

Dj set by the artist  Marco Samorè

H 00.00  Silence

Former Church of Carmine in via Rustici 2 Massa Lombarda (RA)
CONFERENCE PROGRAM on Saturday 6th  October 2018
Large-scale 3d printing and green building
The major world leaders meet to talk about the state of art. WASP launches a new alternative: the  WASP Crane a  collaborative printing system also called the infinite 3D printer.
The case study 2018 will also be presented: GAIA the 3d printed housing module realized with soil and waste from the agri-food chain. In the second part of the day we will visit the module in the park where it has been built
H 9.00 – 10.00 registration
H 10.00 – 11.30 MASSIMO MORETTI and WASP Team
  • Motivation as our research Lodestar
    Presentation of the WASP project
  • Digital manufacturing to meet basic human needs; democratization of production capacity, as an alternative to the industrial economy.
  • Maker economy starter kit or the self-production economy: food, home, health, energy, digital crafts, art/culture.
Focus on one of the application filed: Home
  • From the Big Delta to the WASP Crane ; Why?
  • Modular and evolutionary system
  • Development of extrusion systems
  • Choice and development of materials for architectural applications
  • The house that  takes care of you, controlled release walls
  • Presentation of the Gaia project
Project exhibition
  • Material deposition logic to improve thermal and mechanical characteristics of printing on the ground
  • Multifunctional wall system: insulation, ventilation, plant engineering
  • Formulation of the biomaterial used for the 3D printing based on terrain at Km0
  • Waste Materials from the agri-food supply chain  used  with  Rice House
H 11.00 – coffee break
H 11.15 – Roundtable with Alessandro Ranellucci and guests from all over the world
The strength of the group, collective knowledge at  the collective good service
H 12.00 Some themes:
sharing knowledge or industrial secrets?
To be a pioneer or to follow innovation?
How to make this technology accept by the government regulations
Possible market outlets: consulting, services, equipment, construction …
A new aesthetic with new technology?
Approach to the legislation
Safety at work and 3d printing
Full 3D printing or mixed technique? integrated digital manufacturing
H 13.00 – Lunch break: list of affiliated sites
H 3.00 pm Meeting at via Castelletto 104 at WASP headquarters
H 15.30 Intervention by the President of the Emilia Romagna Region Stefano Bonaccini and the Mayor of Massa Lombarda Daniele Bassi
H 15.45 Field visit: Journey to Shamballa
 WASP Crane – technical explanation
Illustration of the case study printed with Crane WASP: Gaia housing module printed in 3d, Totem StarGate 3d printed in cement mortar, Mockup section of wall.
Virtual reality with Artigitale: a firsthand experience in Shamballa
H 17.30 Closing of the scientific section
H 5.45 Aperitif and Music

Viaggio a Shamballa 
Via Castelletto 104 Massa Lombarda (RA)

During the second day of the event, at the same time as the conferences and open workshops, it will be possible to visit the Shamballa spaces and learn more about the WASP reality.

h. 10:30
WASP Hub meeting

Round table
WASP Hubs are unique in their kind, at the forefront of technological research spread the vision of the project. They build a network in the world that investigates the themes: home, food, energy, digital crafts, art, health. Attend this exchange of experiences and projects to understand the possibilities and applications of 3D printing!

h. 14:30
Building houses on the ground, an ancient history that returns to current.
The first step: prepare the dough for the Crane WASP printer. As? With your hands and feet!
– explanation of the process
– the secrets of our recipe
– considerations on zero Km materials and addition of waste vegetable fibers
– preparation of barefoot dough
– printing of the mix prepared with Crane WASP
– necessary comfortable clothing, towel, paper and pen.

h. 16:00
The participants will become the protagonists and actors of the variables of this project. One body will lean against the other creating a single modular element that will be used for the 3D realization and the printing of a seat for collective spaces.

h. 16:30
Biomedical 3D printing, innovative solutions to help people. When technology and custom made are at the service and within everyone’s reach. Prosthetics, orthoses, clinical models and much more. Come and hear what it is!
– Jean Bassmaji – “A hand for Syria” the twinning with Damascus
– Alessandro Zomparelli – “Free software for medical applications”

h. 17:00
A preview of our participation at Maker Faire 2018. With Andrea Melò and Luca Tarlazzi we work on 3D printed sculptures in clay. The perfect meeting between art and technology. “
– introduction: how to print 3d clay? illustration of our products
– print templates
– finish and smoothing
– necessary comfortable clothing, paper and pen, sculpture tools.

h. 17:30
Angelo Mirabelli will illustrate the principles and the functioning of wind energy and how to make a 3D printed shovel.

h. 18:00
Do not miss the most appetizing moment of all. From the vertical vegetable garden to 360 ° cultivation. Massimo Visonà will tell us about the principles of hydroponics and automatic cultivation. – introduction – demonstration and operation

h. 18:30
“SHAMBALLA: the ideal city between history and myth”
Gerardo Lonardoni returns to tell us what Shamballa is: the ancient legend that is lost in the mists of time of a perfect city in which the inhabitants spiritually and intellectually live in peace and harmony. Only imagination?
– Background
– Shamballa over time
– Countries and representations
– Recommended texts to deepen

H 19.00
Greetings and closing rite

A Shutlle from  8:00 to 9:00 and from 17:00 to 18:30 is available from and to Imola train station and Massa lombarda during the whole event.

WASP’s contacts: +39 0545 82966

Worshop  registration: +39 333 9497127

Crane WASP

We will present the new invention by following these main points:

  • Modular system with different configurations, which to choose and why.
  • Coordinated and collaborative 3D printing, the heart of the project.
  • Extrusion of natural materials and cement mortars, our acquired knowledge.
  • On-site construction, transportability and man-machine interaction.

Crane WASP

the Infinite 3d printer

Crane WASP The Infinity 3d printer is a modular collaborative 3D printing system. It reinterprets the classic building cranes from a digital manufacturing point of view. It is composed of a main printer unit that can be assembled in different configurations depending on the printing area and therefore on the dimensions of the architectural structure to be calculated in 3d.
The print area of the single module is 6.60 meters in diameter for a height of 3 meters.

The evolution of the Big Delta 12M allows us to reduce the mechanical dimensions of the printer while maintaining a large print area. Created with the same modular mechanical components  used to make up the Big Delta 12M aluminum structure , it is a fast and efficient tool to be dismantled and reassembled  for an easy transport.

The single module can work self-sufficiently by printing fluids of different kinds: cement, bio cement, natural dough. Once you have a single module,  you can expand it by adding traverses and printer arms, thus generating an infinite digital manufacturing system.

It is not necessary to “cover” the entire area involved in the construction with the printing area of the  WASP Cranes because they can be reconfigured and can advance with generative attitude depending on the growth and shape of the building. More WASP Cranes, when working  together,   have a potentially infinite printing area  and can be set by the on-site operators following the evolution of the architectural project.

Contained in the Maker Economy Starter Kit, it too is designed to be able to print on-site natural mixes at 0km,  with the addition of natural fibers for architectural-scale construction. The container, transported on site, offers all the necessary tools to build a self-sufficient village through the most advanced additive technologies. Depending on the territory and the project, one can choose the optimal printing configurations, by assembling  each single module in different ways.  All components are transported disassembled. The basic tools included in the kit together with the printer, are those dedicated to the mixture: muller and tumbler

Crane WASP The Infinity 3d printer

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer



Next Ground

The case study 2018, the Gaia module is the first living example printed with the WASP Crane . It combines the most advanced technology with the oldest material,  melting earth and mind.

What we will present is an architectural module complete with insulation and coating systems, obtained through natural materials and which reflect the green building principles applied to digital fabrication. In collaboration with Rice House, we have added husks and rice straw to the inner spaces of the 3d printed-built -wall . The masonry is completely printed in 3d. The design of the wall, with grooves and insulation, gives Gaia very high energy performance. During the event it will be possible to enter Gaia, touch the walls, and see what   soil-3d printing  is.

Casa stampata in 3d, render

in collaboration cwith


Aggiornamento da Shamballa, la stampa 3d di Gaia!

in collaboration with

Trabeculae Pavilion 3d printed by Delta WASP

 Trabeculae Pavilion at Politecnico di Milano © Gabriele Seghizzi

A lightweight architecture completely 3D printed by a WASP printer farm

WASP announces the completion of Trabeculae Pavilion, a lightweight architecture completely 3D printed that fuses advancements in 3D printing with bio-inspired computational design.

The synergy of design, material and manufacturing technologies allowed the conceptualization of an innovative construction technique based on an additive process which builds architectural forms conceived with a load-responsive material organization.

Five WASP printers worked H24

The fabrication process of the building components was based on four Delta WASP 4070 and a Delta WASP 60100, a WASP 3d printers farm installed in the laboratories of Department ABC of Politecnico di Milano, where parallel production processes have been run for a continuous production of 4352 hours in total.

The use of WASP Spitfire extruder was introduced for the first time to shape stiff components within a minimized amount of time.

Delta WASP Farm at work during the production © Roberto Naboni

The prototype is the result of the doctoral research of Roberto Naboni who has designed and developed the pavilion at Politecnico di Milano, together with a team of specialists in experimental design and construction.

The project looks into 3D Printing for answers to the emerging problem of scarcity in material resources. The design is based on a computational process that finds inspiration in Nature, specifically in the materialization logics of the trabeculae, the internal cells that form the bone microstructure.

From this investigation, custom algorithms have been developed to support the creation of a cellular load-responsive structure with continuous variations in sizing, topology, orientation and section, in order to maximize material efficiency.

“The last decades have witnessed an exponential growth in the demandof raw materials due to the rapid urbanization and industrialization of emerging economies. This research looks at biological models andat the opportunities offered by the new additive production technologies in order to find sustainable solutions to the exploitation of materials. Our objective is to explore a new model of construction: advanced, efficient and sustainable” declare Roberto Naboni, Architect and currently Assistant Professor at University of Southern Denmark (SDU).

 Trabeculae Pavilion at Politecnico di Milano © Gabriele Seghizzi

The built pavilion is a load-responsive shell composed by 352 components covering a total area of 36 square meters, shaped additively by a 112 kilometers-long extrusion of a high-resistance biopolymer, specifically developed with industrial partner FILOALFA® to elevate Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) to construction purposes.

The innovative methods involved for the design allow for an efficient material distribution at multiple scales, which permits an extremely resistant and lightweight structure with a variable weight to area ratio of 6 to 10 kg/m2 - about ten times lighter than typical construction techniques with comparable mechanical performance.

Beyond its technical features, the pavilion is an outstanding expression of a tectonic system conceived with and for 3D Printing, which enables multiple high-res optimization logics with the precision of a tenth of a millimeter.


Address: Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milano, Italy

Completion: July 2018

Area: 36 m²

Weight: 335 kg

Weight to Area Ratio: 9.3 kg/m²

Overall Dimensions: 7,5m x 6,0m x 3,6m

Extrusion length: 112 km

Combined Printing Hours: 4352


Trabeculae Pavilion è un progetto di ricerca promosso da ACTLAB:   Prof. Roberto Naboni (University of Southern Denmark - SDU), Prof. Ingrid Paoletti (Politecnico di Milano)

Team di Ricerca, Design e Sviluppo: Roberto Naboni (Investigatore Principale e Leader di Progetto), Anja Kunić (Design Computazionale), Luca Breseghello (Design Computazionale)

Dottorato sviluppato presso il dipartimento ABC del Politecnico di Milano: Tutor Ingrid Paoletti, Relatore Enrico De Angelis

Fabbricazione e Costruzione: Mithun Kumar Thiyagarajan, Gabriele Seghizzi

In collaborazione con: Francesco Martelli (Analisi Strutturale) and ITKE - University of Stuttgart: Valentin Koslowski, Jan Knippers (Analisi Strutturale e Test Materiali)

Collaboratori: Verley Henry Côco Jr., Rahul Sehgal, Elena Kriklenko, Maia Zheliazkova, Hamed Abbasi, Francesco Pasi, Sibilla Ferroni

Partner Industriali: WASP (Stampanti 3D), FILOALFA® (Materiali Polimerici)

Supportato con il contributo di: SAPERLAB - Laboratorio Unico Dipartimento ABC (Politecnico di Milano), MADE Expo, RESEARCH FUNDS Ingrid Paoletti


COCOON PROJECT,  The lotus, a multisensory meditative cell.

Material: PLA

Type: modular

3d Printer: Delta WASP 3MT


The project for a multisensory meditative cell takes inspiration from the lotus flower morphology and its strongly symbolic and parallel meaning applied in meditation and in Yoga practice.

The goal was to design a minimal, one-person solution that was small at the same time but capable of achieving a great state of internalization for those who want to use it. Can be used in open natural areas, in relaxation facilities, or in urban spaces, to find a point in which to rejoin the self, the project can be totally modified in dimensions, integrations and materials, so as to be able to adapt to individual needs .


In natural areas such as parks, woods or reserves, it can be a shelter for a night, a small sheltered rest station or it could be part of a system of stations connected to each other like shelters spread in strategic points and easily traceable by GPS. urban, it can be a small break from the noise and the urban bustle, or, open, the cell can become a small space for picnics or to lie down in more people.

Technical details

In this module the petals are designed as movable independently of one another, fixed (by means of simple and printable joints together with the petal) to its basement segment. The base is formed by the interlocking of 6 wedges attached to the relative petals or can also be formed from a single piece printed and finished. the petals are designed to be closed from the inside by hooks. once closed in its entirety, an oculus 40 cm in diameter remains from which it is possible to see the sky. The oculus can be closed with a transparent material to shelter from the rain. The petals are printable, equipped with a flat part to attach a slope lower than 45 ° to the printing bed and in such a way as to be included in the 1mtX1mt space.


The module can be placed on the ground or possibly hung by means of 3 tie rods attached to the base which leave the possibility of opening to all the petals.

The unit is designed to open completely thanks to a mechanical or manual system, with strategic openings for the user's view, ventilation and to minimize the feeling of claustrophobia, the project can be implemented with modules to increase the healing qualities, such as aromatherapy, music therapy and chromotherapy, or with technological modules, such as internet connection, or other features to be traceable and remotely located, such as GPS.

Each petal could be techno-equipped with solar panels or perforated for ventilation etc.

Once all the petals are closed, the form remembers the sea urchin, closed and safe. The external three-dimensional texture and the materiality of the material can vary from smooth to rough, it can be micro-perforated, bush-hammered, spinata, mirror-made, etc.

The dimensions of the finished element are 1.15 meters high for 1.50 meters of maximum dimensions. Variables.

The base of the modules to be grounded can also be printed in concrete to give greater strength and a solid platform.

The initial idea of the project is to be able to directly print the cell with biodegradable and environmentally sustainable plastics such as PLA, but thanks to the specific shape it is possible to use the various petals as formwork to form different materials, such as lightened materials, natural materials, foams organic etc.

It is also possible to finish the product with milled or laser-cut materials such as plexiglass, wood or metals.


Parametric House by WASP Hub Venice

Fablab Venezia participated to the Shamballa dream offering its vision on the housing module. It is going to be an earth and straw house, to be divided in parts, parametric portions, to be printed with the Delta WASP 3MT 3d printer.



The process idea is developed to give each future inhabitant the possibility to customize the shape of his house, starting from a given base, a sort of curve structure, to be then modified according to the needs.


Through an interactive configurator everyone can choose the number of rooms, their dimension and the position of the openings; an algorithm manages the shape in real time, defining and dividing the shell in pieces with the right dimension, eventually creating the printing g-codes.



See more here:

Experimental 3D printing architecture

Trabeculae Pavilion at Made Expo 2017


Politecnico di Milano presents a preview of Trabeculae Pavilion at Made Expo 2017, an experimental architecture which fuses 3D Printing with biomimetic research. From the 8th until the 11th of March, within the BSmart! area, in Pavilion 10 of Fiera Milano-Rho, will be introduced an innovative prototype of lightweight architecture which demonstrates the revolutionary potential of computational design and 3D printing for constructions. The project is the synthesis of a research concentrated on the use of Additive Manufacturing to provide novel solutions to the emergent necessity for a reduction in the exploitation of material resources.


New additive manufacturing techniques

The pavilion is a full-scale demonstrator entirely 3D printed with a high-resistance biopolymer developed together with industrial partner Filoalfa, in order to elevate Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) to construction purposes. The fabrication process of the building components is based on a printing farm of WASP Delta printers (Delta WASP 4070 e Delta WASP 60100), capable of delivering high accuracy within a continuous production process. The use of the new SPITFIRE extruder  is introduced to shape stiff components within a minimized amount of time. The synergy of design, material and manufacturing technologies allowed the conceptualization of an innovative construction technique based on an additive process which builds architectural forms conceived with a load-responsive material organization.


The pavilion is fabricated by ACTLAB - Politecnico di Milano with a production center based on a printer farm of WASP delta robots


The building components are printed with the new SPITFIRE extruder and realized with a high-performance biopolymer developed with Filoalfa

Advanced and efficient architecture

“The last decades have witnessed an exponential growth in the demand of raw materials due to the rapid industrialization of emerging economies and the high consumption of materials. This research looks at biological models and the opportunities offered by the new additive production technologies in order to find sustainable solutions to the exploitation of materials. Our objective is to explore a new type of non-standard architecture: advanced, efficient and sustainable,” declare Roberto Naboni, architect and researcher at Politecnico di Milano, and Ingrid Paoletti, Associate Professor in Building Technology at Politecnico di Milano. “We looked into Nature to understand how lightweight and resistant structures work with a minimized material use. Studying the internal bone microstructure, we have created algorithms which allow us to generate three dimensional cellular structures, varying in topology and sizing, with the precision of a tenth of millimeter”


The cellular structure of the pavilion varies in porosity, orientation and topology to enhance its mechanical behaviour, Following the role model of the internal bone microstructure.

Component generated live at Made Expo

At Made Expo 2017 will be presented the interdisciplinary research process which involved the fields of computational design, biomimetics, advanced manufacturing and material engineering. A full-scale prototype of lightweight skin system will be exhibited accompanied by a production centre with 3D printers generating live the components of the Trabeculae Pavilion, which will be subsequently completed and exposed at Politecnico di Milano.

Info: Roberto Naboni

3D printed houses for a renewed balance between environment and technology

WASP introduces a new -house- idea, a 3d printed house totally realised trhough digital fabrication. It's the EREMO project: a new adventure where  unexplored projet and executive fields  melt in the  WASP technology.

WASP's aim has always been to work at the society-service, ie: looking for eco-friendly solutions to the human primary needs, optimizing the environmental, energetic, technological or human available resources. WASP has been testing materials and updated technologies for several months in order to set up a new living system, starting from  the 3D printing.


Thanks to the gathered experience, with the 3d printer BigDelta WASP 12MT experimentation, in continuos improvement, Eremo has been created, a versatile and consistent model of refuge with an environmental impact near zero thanks to the use of local materials and of machinary of speed prototyping or at numerical control. With the help of the  engineering and of the virtual construction, nowadays it's possible to optimize the area-resources efficiency and spare on the production costs.

The research of a bond between technology and behaviour has brought to this “architectural archetype”, result of a multidisciplinary investigation project, around which several fields converge and turn: renewable energies, furniture design, Hydroponic ressearch, vertical garden plantations. All these fields make progress in parallel, to converge in a house model based on self-production, reproducibility and scalability basis.

Eremo is a model of  “inactive” architecture, because is able  to sutisfy most of the energetic needs throght inactive  apparatus, able to produce energy instead of using it. A house model that sets man free from debt and that does not pollute. This architectural model, being built  with natural materials taken from the origin area and  that can be  used again or ricyclable at its life-end,  is  wasteless.


The Engineering process and the digital fabrication allow to predict, during the design phase, multiple variables regarding the internal and the external structure of the building. It is possible to:

  1. operate on the thermic or acoustic insulation of the walls;
  2. provide previously a location where to put the plant design (for example electric cables) inside the walls;
  3. know in advance where to locate an eventual internal wood structure ;
  4. plan a self-standing and earthquake proof configuration.
3d printer extruder for houses
3d printer extruder for houses

The experimentation process regarding the composition of the material is a fundamental step for a good result. To realize the walls an LDM technology has been used, with a mixture of simple materials: dirt, water and straw.

COB houses have an high thermal inertia, a good endurance burning and are antiseismic. When sand and lime are added, the walls are more breathable and they keep a completely natural composition.



It has a very good thermal inertia which garantees in summer cool space and hot one in winter.

It works like an heat accumulator: it gets warm and cold slowly, therefore it makes a phase displacement of 12 hours up, between the internal and the external walls (it changes in relation to temperature, climatic areas and thickness of the wall). Dirt is a very good acoustic insulating material (a wall of 14,3 cm plastered with clay, allows an insonorization of 43 dB).

It has a very good resistance to fire , since in case of blaze it is subjected to the firing process. Good resistance to earthquakes, too. Furthermore, dirt regulates the humidity in the air since it absorbs the water in the air to release it when the weather is dry; in this way it keeps the percentage of humidity stable during night and day and in the different seasons.

Since this material is really breathable, it allows the transfer of the water vapour from the inside to the outside, avoiding the mould growth. It absorbs harmful substances, smells and smoke, purifying the air with a completely natural process.


Very good thermal insulating and noise-absorbing material. If mixed with other breathable materials like dirt and lime, this property is facilitated, so it prevents the mould growth and the persistence of the humidity inside the walls.

Straw makes dirt lighter, thus it improves the resistance to earthquake and it makes the structure more flexible, allowing the vibrations to be absorbed, reducing structural failures.

Lime and sand

These inert materials give dimensional stability to dirt, reducing the shrinking of the material during the exsiccation. Moreover, they have the function of making the mixture more uniform. They contribute to regulate the humidity of the air.

In particular, thanks to lime it is possible to have a chemical process called carbonation: the wet and slacked lime (hydrated calcium Ca(OH)2), drying releases water and absorbs carbon dioxide(CO2) from the air, changing its structure in calcium carbonate. Lime, through carbonation, becomes a mineral comparable to stone before the firing process.

WASP presents the Maker Economy Starter Kit at Rome Maker Faire 2016



A new economical model inside a container to give shape to the community knowledge.

It answers to the human basic needs using digital  fabrication techniques.

A huge project and building system in architectonic scale   inside a single container which, through 3D printing, gives shape to a big moving technological village: the Maker Economy Starter Kit. WASP suggests a new living concept and a new economical point of view. The park will be set up in a 400 mq area and introduced on 14, 15 e 16 at the Rome Maker Faire 2016.

A house which doesn’t create debt, on the contrary it improves economy

The Maker Economy Starter Kit is born to promote   a self-producing economy that can be set up everywhere. The WASP’s Ceo Massimo Moretti explains: “Our aim is to create micro independent communities, born and developed  on the community knowledge thanks to advanced self-producing systems, reachable from everyone. The 3D printing is the producing process which allows to realize the no-debt-house, a house which offers more freedom to people, a dynamic house, able to create economy, which produces energy instead of using it. A living solution at zero costs able to satisfy all primary human needs: house, food, energy, health, job, culture. It can be helpful in case of humanitarian emergencies caused by economical or political crisis or in case of natural disasters. An instrument useful to Humanitarian Organizations, Civil Protection, Onlus, National and international Institutions to easily operate in difficult situations or areas.”


Starter Kit

The Starter Kit is born to build houses using materials taken from the place of origin both  natural or recycled as well as standard building materials too. Thanks to this technology  all  gathered knowledge can be spread everywhere via web.  All necessary information to set up a Starter Kit can be freely supplied on line through a series of tutorials which drive the users in the realization of their ideas. The house project together with its contents  is open source and lets project-managers, designers, engineers, architects, enter the web and freely take and exchange contents. In the Kit all Delta WASP models are included: from BigDelta, the 12m high 3D-printer, able to build houses, to the Delta WASP 3MT, multi-tools printer for the realization of furniture-components, vertical gardens, middle-size items together with other building digital systems produced by WASP to realize smaller articles. Other systems are included like: cut systems, systems to modify materials in order to be extruded, supply-systems, recycling ruins or plastic materials-systems. MORE>>

MakerFaireRoma corretto

Event Program

During the exhibition it will be possible to assist the machines working: Laboratories and workshops will show any application of WASP’s technology. A stage will be set in the middle of the mega 12m. printing system. On this stage the Viaggio a Shamballa (Journey to Shamballa), will be read. This is a community story-teller place where everyone can propose and tell his/her own interpretation of our project. In this way we hope to obtain a common view to be realized using all Maker Economy Starter Kit contents.

Thanks to FabLab Venezia cooperation the exhibition area will be transformed in no-stop-working laboratory in which project and print  in scale take place  using several materials to realize a residential unit supplied with vertical gardens too. The FabLab Venezia will introduce the system for the 3D-printable-house self-project studied on purpose for this event.


WASP is taking one week break, then starting again to conclude the building. New researches on materials and system automation coming soon.

Concluded the first part of the work, WASP is taking one week break, before starting again with renewed energy. “We have already proved that two men and one machine can 3d-print a comfortable and healthy shelter with extremely little money. We are very satisfied of the results, even if we know there is still a lot to do”, says Massimo Moretti, WASP founder and creator of Shamballa Technological Village, the place where BigDelta printer, 12 meters high, has been assembled and started. 3d-printing for the first time in the world a soil and straw building, predictably, it’s been hard, extreme in some way, but at the same time incredibly exciting considering the results already achieved.

3d-printing for the first time in the world a soil and straw building, predictably, it’s been hard, extreme in some way, but at the same time incredibly exciting considering the results already achieved.

Schermata 2016-08-08 alle 10.38.58

Solved problems

The list of the problems faced and constantly solved every day in the experimental camp in Massa Lombarda (Ravenna) is too long: let’s mention some of them. The main goal was to develop an extruder able to lay down scores of mixtures, to verify if the machine mechanism was able to stand a continuous work of material deposit, to solve the problem of the material loading after a significant high, to supervise the extruder during the printing phase, to face printing interruption and recovery, also connected to material pick up, to protect the wall from the rain in case of storms, and more. These are some of the difficulties we faced and solved.


The numbers

Here some data: we printed 270 centimeters of clay and straw wall, 5 meters diameter, using 40 tons of material. Layers are, overall, 135, with an average weight of 300 kilos each; time to create a layer: 20 minutes. Concerning the consumption, we talk about 2 cubic meters water and 200 Kwh. Now, the costs: 32 Euros for the energy, 3 Euros for the water, 10 Euros for the straw, 3 Euros for motor hoe  gasoline: total 48 Euros. Want to save more? Using the feet instead of the machine for kneading, the energy consumption lower by 90%.


Growing fast

“Clay and straw with no additive can be easily printed in 3d - Moretti says -. The period of transformation from liquid to solid  allows to print around 60 centimeters per day, or even more in the summer (maybe one meter per day). Therefore: two men and one machine can 3d-print a comfortable and healthy shelter in a very short time and with really little money”.

Fixed the mixtures, the wall is of high quality. Seen the initial analysis, it can bear strong stress, while the abundance of fiber guarantees its endurance. The relationship between weight and performance originated from clay and straw doesn’t seem to require  additional support for the walls. To avoid the plaster placer mining we used 10% lime.

The second phase

“When the work starts again, we will raise the wall until 4 meters, then we’ll create the door and build the roof. In the future we will test new materials and continue the research on soil and straw - reveals Moretti -. New challenges in the improvement of systems for cheap and fast material preparation are coming. The printer is doing its job and after the last changes in kinematics we will modify something in the extruder too.  The aim is automating the system and giving the machine the possibility  to print a shelter in few days. The goal is just around the corner.


Let’s print together the first adobe building !!

The WASP’s Technological Village is working non-stop these days at the open-air construction site, in Massa Lombarda (Ravenna). We are proceeding with experiments from Monday to Friday whereas during Weekends we plan following activities. Now WASP invites all the Makers and everybody interested to partecipate and actively contribute to the building of the first house entirely printed with eco-friendly, locally found, materials (a mixture of terrain and straw kneaded with a mixing machine and a motor hoe).

The working method is simple: for every problem we look for the best solution. Everyday we are learning more and more, managing small and big problems and trying to solve them. The test we started the last Saturday seems impressive and we have decided to continue to print till the conclusion of the first habitable module.

First experiences have taught us a lot. The mixture of terrain and straw is light and strong. Now we have a 50-centimeter-high wall, extruding more than 400 quintal of material.

IMG_7454 (FILEminimizer)

The way now is open and the performance will be finished destroying the prototype, so the raw material will be cultivable again. The keyword of the Technological village is “DIY”. We want to build a new Economy Vision based on a self-sufficient Society able to produce basic requirements in many fields: Housing, Food, Employment, Healthcare, Education and Art.

At the Shamballa Technological Village the BigDelta prints and WASP is organizing open-air workshops inviting all the Makers to partecipate.

During the next days we’ll bring to Shamballa other WASP’s printers. For example the Delta WASP 3MT, a machine able to print plastic pellet or, changing the extruder, semi-fluid materials (such as geopolymers and clay) and, with an other tool, can mill and cut different types of materials.

In fact at the Technological Village we will produce house furnitures and it will be the theme of the first open-air workshop that will start the next Saturday the 23rd July. Who is interested partecipating is welcome to use WASP’s printers. The next workshops, always at weekends, will concentrate on vertical vegetable gardens (aromatic spirals), ceramic plates printing and kilns construction.

Some friends from the FabLab Venezia worked with us some days ago. We invite all the Makers who want to turn dreams into action to come here in Shamballa.

The DELTA WASP 4-metres-high printer for an important architectural project


The DELTA WASP 4-metres-high printer for an important architectural project.

With WASP now is possible to make innovative building and radically rethink the livability. Thanks to the collaboration with Siam Cement Group (SCG), the largest Cement manufacturer in Thai that with the Architect Pitupong Chaowakul (Supermachine Studio) stand out for an original way to utilize the 3D technology building the first house 3D printed in Asia.

The project was born due to the interesting of SCG to the potentiality of 3D. They declare: "We would like to drive the construction industry in Thailand, and 3D printing technology is one of the innovations that will get more involved in the construction and architecture."

The first project completed with this technology is "Helix: The Family Cocoon", a small creative sleep-able shelter, imitates natural structure of the shell fusiform. The design is complex against construction made by labor skill due to ‘Random Twist’ form and layer by layer texture.


Today they stands out again with a new project, the building of a house. This is a “home” in the broadest sense of the word. An amazing 21st century cave – a recreation of the first dwellings our distant ancestors ever called home.

Here you can find the 3Ders article to have more information about this project.


The huge 3D printer will be the heart of a technological village rising up in Massa Lombarda in partnership with the Municipality


It’s Rising up a technological village dedicated to 3D printing, the heart of this project is the 12-metres-high printer BigDelta WASP. It happens in Massa Lombarda (Ravenna) thanks to a partnership between CSP srl (Centro Sviluppo Progetti – WASProject) and the Municipality that has made available a green area in the industrial zone of the town, in Cooperazione road.

Tuesday March 22th, the Mayor Daniele Bassi and the CSP Business Owner Massimo Moretti, are going to sign the agreement. Works will start at the beginning of next April.

WASP, leader in 3D printing technology, with the goal to disseminate the current state of its technology wants to build an eco-friendly village with low energy consumption. Therefore, Massa Lombarda is going to become an important Technology Experimentation Centre dedicated to 3D printing, a unique case in Italy and maybe in the World.

Massa Lombarda has always been a district interested in innovation – says the Mayor Daniele Bassi – the important agreement we signed today proves that the cohesion of energy, allegiance and creativity between the Municipality and a capable Entreprenuer like Massimo Moretti, it’s a crucial element of development for our city and the youth who we want to guarantee an adequate future commensurate to their hope”.

We decided to name the technological village Shamballa – says Moretti – from the name of the mythological place that symbolizes the city of peace, tranquility and happiness. A city quoted in a lot of cultural documents for its spirituality and technical advance. House, Food, Employment, Healthcare and Wellness are the basic human necessities of life – continues Moretti – In our Shamballa we’ll print houses and vertical vegetable gardens of different sizes. There will also be a laboratory for compact desktop printer to make objects (fornitures, biomedical, jewellery, ceramics). Thanks to the collaboration with some artists we are developping a cultural project”.

It’ll be the realization of the Maker Economy, the WASP idea of a sustainable economy, a new economical model where everything is selfmade and nobody depends on monopolistic companies. Quick exportable, it would be suitable for places where there is no productive potential or well-functioning infrastructures. Wasp is interested in taking care of World’s poorest country.

The BigDelta was shown for the first time during the meeting La realtà del sogno, happened in Massa Lombarda where more then a thousand people took part from 18 to 20 September 2015. In October 2015 the huge printer was bringed to Rome at Maker Faire 2015, where obtained a positive outcome. Inactive for some months because of the climate, now the BigDelta returns to work in a permanent location. The agreement signed today will last three years and is renewable.


TOC ThinkInProgress Future 3D Printed Home

LINK:  Artificio Digitale  and  progetto TOC


Immagini di Artificio Digitale


3d Print -  progetto TOC con  porcellana utilizzando Delta 4070


3d Print -  progetto TOC con  porcellana utilizzando Delta 4070


 3d  Print - progetto TOC con  porcellana utilizzando BigDelta 4m

BigDelta WASP 12 meters - The Reality of dream

La Realtà del Sogno

We made it. The BigDelta, a 12 meters tall 3D printer, took shape and it's going to be presented to the world.

We announce that the launch will be on the 18th, 19th and 20th of September, during an inauguration event which will be in Massa Lombarda, near WASP headquarters, where everything begun.

The researches that we developed to build the BigDelta 12 meters led us to improve our compact 3D printers, we always said it:

the way is looking far and working near.

We owe a lot to this project in this sense too, it was the engine that powered the enthusiasm and the research in the last three years. This important landmark is not the end of our path, our dream became wider.

Our new goal is Maker Economy.

Maker Economy is a new model where everything can be produced by yourself, where there is the chance of not depending on some unsurmountable entity that holds the productive monopoly. WASP is the acronym of World's Avanced Saving Project and our research is focused on the common welfare and shared knowledge. It is not necessary to be great to have great topics, our big goals are the sense of our work.

House, work and food, health, are what a man need to live.

These are the themes of "Reality of dream", the meeting that we're organizing on the 18th, 19th, 20th of September, in Massa Lombarda. This gathering will be a precious moment for sharing ideas and celebrate this important milestone.

We will update this page with the program of the event of BigDelta 12m launch and other contents.

The enthusiasm grows, the purpose is ambitious.

Wasproject connects to Shamballa's energies, the travel toward the perfect city began.

See more>> BigDelta 12m - the History



3D Printed Concreate


WASP was born with the dream of printing houses with 100% natural materials, but wisdom teaches that extremism is never a good thing. While trying to find a way to print houses with natural materials and at zero km, there is an urge to plunge into the routine and make a contribution now. And this is when WASP project begins its challenge with materials taboos, such as Co2 generators. Concrete is bad for the planet. A ton of cement generates a ton of Co2, but with 3D printing you can cut down more than 50% of pollution. These are mind-boggling numbers, which can be reached only because we can create programmed infills, Otherwise, with the normal techniques it would be unthinkable to create hollow systems. A WASP printer was sent to an Italian Institute of excellence where concrete mortars are studied. Domenico Asprone and some friends of the University Federico II of Naples started using a 4 meters BIGDELTA WASP. And the machine has not been kept in the parking.

With this mega printer, WASP researchers have developed a system to produce concrete elements that can be assembled with steel bars and beams or can compose pillars in reinforced concrete. The research is being carried on at the CeSMA service centre (Advanced methodological Services Centre) of the University of Naples and it involves the Stress Consortium (the high-tech district of the Campania region on sustainable buildings) and the University of Pavia.

As Domenico Asprone stated to the Ansa agency '' this new technology promises to streamline the forms and save material, thus lightening the reinforced concrete elements and reducing costs and environmental impacts. The possibility to obtain complex shapes then, paves the way to new uses of reinforced concrete beyond the conventional ones, with aesthetic properties and design. ''

"The 3D printing- Marco Iuorio from Stress Consortium explains-allows you to create curved, hollow elements, or with special features that would normally require complicated wooden shapes (moulds) for fresh concrete, with a considerable cost increase".

In the laboratories of the Department of engineering Structures and architecture, a test will be performed on the first beam, of about 3 meters long. The test will also check the mechanical performance of the new reinforced concrete elements. Moreover, the experiments of new assembly systems based on the prestressing technology will continue.

Thanks to these new technologies we could say we are moving towards the House of the future. But why should we set some limits? One day we will also be able to print more complex structures, such as bridges. And there will be broader space for creativity. 

Here you have all the members of the team: University of Naples Federico II Domenico Auricchio, Costantino Marco Menna, Naclerio. Stress Consortium: Marco Iuorio, Marcello Pellecchia, Alberto Zala. University of Pavia. Ferdinando Auricchio.

With the new extruder WASP can truly realize the house dream

Animals teach us that every wasted energy must be recover getting food, getting what they need. The innovation of our research toward 12 meters tall WASP BigDelta, toward the printer for clay houses, is inspired to this concept. In the end the solution we were loking for was in our name, in nature, in potter wasp.

Compared with the one we presented at Maker Faire in Rome on 2014, the distinctive and decisive element that characterizes the evolution of the one we have now is the new extruder. Movements control is crucial in 3D print, but it was very difficult with the old peristaltic pump-extruder. That’s why we completely redesigned adoting a cochlea concept. Now we have an extruder wich can even manage retraction, so it can stop working and pull extruded material back.

In a few words, we moved from a continuous extrusion to a precise flow control,and to the chance of stopping the work and resume it with a micrometric precision. The new extruder can be assembled and disassembled very quickly, it cleans by itself, it needs a very low energy amount and it has a costant control at all the speed levels. Moreover, thanks to rotating nozzle, the material isn’t only extruded but also mixed in his way out. In this was layers are more cohesive and tenacious.

If we look back and think to the way we walked through, the biggest obstacle for the twelve meters tall printer was the extruder. We had to understand not only how to extrude, but also how to refill materials and keep the system operative. It has been a continuous research and we tried many solutions. In the end we went back to the potter wasp, which takes material by her self when she finishes it. With the same system, our printer reduces at minum the amount of energy that it needs. Now we can easily print and do other things instead of refilling material. The save of energy is evident: to push the clay in the tubes it takes several kilowatt, to let clay fall in a controlled way it takes just a few tens of watt.

All these devices are contained in our extruder and characterize the printer. These technical solutions are ready to be repeated in a bigger scale. Now we can say that we created a printer which produces big objects without any waste of energy, and we think this can be a real revolution, not just for the constuction field. We can print not only houses but also animal refuges, pensile gardens. The approach has completely changed, and the main foucs is energy.



What others advantages will grow out of the rotating extruder? We still don’t know. We needed this kind of system to mix material and keep clean the nozzle. From that need we started to arrive at the final result. The force of this technology compared to the ones we tried is that is a continuous supply system, it feeds itself while the printer is working.

Who saw in these years the various technological passages of the machine can understand the greatness of this revolution. Even the only extruder could have important results in the building field. It’s a sort of controlled operation cement mixer. More applications are, as usual, to be discovered yet. In our world it often happens the passage from one kind of technology to another. There is no need to be dogmatic, humilty is very usefull to understand what is the right solution, we must be ready to change our path everyday, or even throw away what we’ve done.

Many people ask us when we’re going to built the first house. Now we have all the conditions and premises to the crucial jump. We think we have played our role, we projected (and in a few time we will build) a printer to erect houses. There are the right conditions. Then, other factors will enter the game, we need other subjects: institutions, municipalities, territories. Sardinia Research (Sardegna Ricerche, is a local institution) and Iglesias municipality are interested in the project. For sure it will be a team work. Others équipes will print houses, we will keep our research to emprove the system. This is our extraordinary, charming and challenging “conviction”.


In the picture BigDelta WASP is printing an object designed by ArtificioDigitale at 3D Print Hub in Milan.