3D Printing for Construction with Alternative Materials Scientific publication

3D Printing for Construction with Alternative Materials | Scientific publication

Digital Innovations in Architecture, Engineering and Construction

3D Printing for Construction With Alternative Materials is a scientific publication that explores the latest achievements and design possibilities that 3D printing for construction (DPC) can offer, the alternative materials to natural aggregates or cement and even the 4th dimension that is already starting in this area.

Published by Springer as part of the book series: Digital Innovations in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (DIAEC), this publication:

  • Provides cutting-edge information on Industry 4.0
  • Demonstrates that additive manufacturing and 3D printing enhance building processes optimization
  • Addresses the needs of both engineers and architects, researchers and designers

WASP in the edge of 3D Printing

In the third Chapter of the book: WASP in the edge of 3D Printing, Massimo Moretti tells the story of WASP (World's Advanced Saving Project), a company that designs, produces and sells 3D printers Made in Italy all over the world.

Taking inspiration from nature and from the observation of the Potter Wasp, which builds its own nest with material recovered from the surrounding environment, WASP produces large 3D printers able to build houses with natural materials and available on the territory, at a cost tending to zero.

“Small slight thoughts take shape by depositing”

Massimo Moretti usually states; WASP invents, thanks to 3D printing, innovative solutions every day to meet the human needs: food, health, work, energy, art and culture.

Editors and Affiliations:

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering of University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Bárbara Rangel
Ana Sofia Guimarães,

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering of University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Jorge Lino

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Brazil
Leonardo Santana

Bibliographic Information

Book Title
3D Printing for Construction with Alternative Materials
Series Title
Digital Innovations in Architecture, Engineering and Construction
Springer Cham
Bárbara Rangel, Ana Sofia Guimarães, Jorge Lino, Leonardo Santana
Building Construction and Design, Innovation and Technology Management, Industrial Management

Crane WASP è stata nominata per il Compasso d'Oro 2024

Crane WASP has been nominated for the Compasso d'Oro Award 2024

Crane WASP selected by ADI Design for the Compasso d'Oro Award 2024

Crane WASP has been nominated by ADI Design for the XXVIII edition of the Compasso d'Oro Award in the category 'Design of materials and technological systems'.

The Compasso d'Oro Award is assigned on the basis of a preselection made by the ADI Permanent Design Observatory, made up of a commission of experts, designers, critics, historians, specialized journalists, members of ADI or external to it, all engaged continuously, year after year, in collecting information and evaluating and selecting the best products which are then published in the ADI Design Index yearbooks.

Being part of the ADI Design Index 2022, Crane WASP will compete for the Compasso d'Oro Award 2024 in the category 'Design of materials and technological systems'.


Crane WASP is the architectural 3D printer that builds houses with natural materials

Crane WASP is a collaborative three-dimensional printing system capable of printing houses with soil and waste from the agricultural supply chain which reinterprets the shapes of classic construction cranes from a digital manufacturing standpoint.

Tecla 3D printed house using Crane WASP
TECLA, 3D printed house Designed by MC A and engineered and built by WASP using Crane WASP

WASP su Linea Verde di Rai 1

Tv report of Linea Verde Life on RAI 1

WASP in the Christmas 2022 episode of Linea Verde Life

In the Christmas episode of Linea Verde Life, broadcast on Rai 1, Marcello Masi visits WASP's operations center where he is introduced to the use of 3D printing in the medical field for the creation of customized prostheses and braces. Furthermore, the founder of WASP, Massimo Moretti, presents the new prototype of an eco-sustainable house printed in 3D called Itaca. This innovative home will soon be built near Imola, Bologna using the Crane WASP architectural printer.


Living Prototypes Digital Fabrication With Biomaterials

Living Prototypes | a collaborative European research project

Digital Fabrication With Biomaterials

Living Prototypes is a Collaborative Project on digitally fabricated prototypes for residential buildings using natural materials, developed by three teams of university research centers and industry partners across Europe.

WASP has participated in the project as IAAC's industry partner, focusing on the theme of Earth-Based buildings using natural materials and successfully creating Spain’s first 3D-printed building using earth.

The exhibition showcasing the outcomes of the project will be on display at the Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin from December 10, 2022, to January 25, 2023.

Living Prototypes Digital Fabrication With Biomaterials
Exhibition Opening of Living Prototypes

Project: Living Prototypes
Project coordinator: ANCB The Aedes Metropolitan Laboratory
Exhibition: 10 December 2022 - 25 January 2023, Aedes Architecture Forum
Photo credit:  Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

Research teams:
CITA – Centre for Information Technology and Architecture, Copenhagen and COBOD International A/S, Copenhagen

NATURAL FIBRE WINDING – Composite Installation in Existing Buildings
ITKE – Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE), University of Stuttgart and FibR GmbH, Kernen

LOCAL MATERIALS – 3D-Printed Earth-Based Buildings
IAAC – Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, Barcelona and WASP, Massa Lombarda

Introduction and aims

Living Prototypes was awarded research funding under the Zukunft Bau funding program of the Federal Institute on Building, Urban Affairs, and Spatial Development (BBSR) and is a collaboration between ANCB and university research centers and industry partners in Germany, Denmark, Spain, and Italy.

  • Three university-industry teams undertook the conception, design, planning, and fabrication of prototypes for everyday living spaces, using digital fabrication techniques and natural materials.
  • The project culminated with an exhibition at Aedes Architecture Forum in December 2022 presenting the fabrication process, the functionality, and the physical appearance of the prototypes.
  • In the exhibition, three separate prototypes made of earth, flax fibre and bioplastic, were brought together in a 1:1 scale installation built around a typical floorplan of a 1-bedroom apartment
Exhibition View of Living Prototypes in Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin
The exhibition showcasing the outcomes of the project will be on display at the Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin from December 10, 2022, to December 25, 2022.
Exhibition Closeup of Living Prototypes in Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin
Exhibition View of Living Prototypes in Aedes Architecture Forum in Berlin

3D Printed Earth by IAAC and WASP

As part of the Living Prototypes project, IAAC and WASP developed TOVA: the first architectural construction in Spain located in the facilities of Valldaura Labs, Barcelona, built with a Crane WASP, the architectural 3D printer. The construction can be completed within weeks using 100% local materials and local labor, zero waste, and a close to virtually zero carbon emission footprint.

The project has been developed by a team of students and researchers from the 3D Printing Architecture (3dPA) postgraduate program of the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC).

Bioplastic prints by CITA and COBOD

Bioplastics are renewable, inexpensive, biodegradable and chemically diverse. Digital data analysis technologies, such as machine learning, make it possible to predict and control the behaviour of these complex materials during and after the printing process.

CITA and COBOD prototype components for interior spaces using two complementary bio-based materials (cellulose and bone glue). These suggest future circular material life cycles in buildings that are made possible by this adaptive manufacturing process.

Bioplastic prints by CITA and COBOD for Living Prototypes
3D-printing of the cellulose prototype at COBOD | 3D-printed cellulose panels interlocked as screen © CITA

Flaxe-Fibre Winding by ITKE and FibR

Robotic coreless fibre winding aims to optimise material efficiency in architectural components by avoiding formwork and material cutoffs. Material use corresponds to structural demands.

ITKE and FibR investigated robotic coreless fibre winding using natural flax fibres. Through the inter-material dialogue with other living prototypes at the Aedes exhibition, the project communicates the relevance of such material systems in future living spaces.

Flaxe-Fibre Winding by ITKE and FibR for Living Prototypes
Raw material for flax fibres | Robotic winding of flax fibre prototype © ITKE-ICD

Architectural 3D printer

Focusing on the theme of Earth-based buildings, WASP and IAAC created TOVA using Crane WASP, a collaborative 3D printing system that can print houses using locally sourced materials, also known as Km 0 materials.

Crane WASP

3D printing of a recycled material from fishing nets with 3MT HDP

3D printing with a recycled material from fishing nets

New recycled material for pellet 3D printing

WASP has partnered with Reflow with the purpose of refining the printing of a new recycled material in large scale. The results obtained during the research have been extremely positive, getting us to look forward to continuing expanding our catalogue with new sustainable materials.

Stampa di materiale riciclato da reti da pesca con 3MT HDP, materiale fornito da Reflow
3D Printing of recycled material from fishing nets with 3MT HDP, material supplied by Reflow

The benefits of pellet 3D printing in large scale

These pieces were printed using WASP 3MT HDP, the large scale pellet 3D printer optimized for large objects. The material, rPPGF, provided by Reflow, was recycled and pelletized directly from discharged fishing nets.

Being able to work directly with pellet reduces the cost of the material up to 1/10 compared to the corresponding filament. It allows to use a greater variety of materials, and decreases printing times.

3D printing of a recycled material from fishing nets with 3MT HDP
Close up of 3D printing of a recycled material from fishing nets
3D printing of a recycled material from fishing nets in large scale

Large scale 3D printer


These pieces have been created with the 3MT 3D printer. This is the best printer for creating medium-large pieces thanks to its wide printing bed area of 1m in diameter.


itaca wasp casa autosufficiente stampata 3d 01

Itaca: the self-sufficient and eco-sustainable 3D printed house


Press Office
mail: press@3dwasp.com
Click here to download the press kit


A self-sufficient and eco-sustainable 3D printed house

On the occasion of the Italian Tech Week, WASP presented Itaca: a self-sufficient 3D printed house that uses the most innovative technologies of Space Economy to create a new eco-sustainable housing model.


 hydroponic cultivation
circular self-sufficient house

"Getting a place as harsh as the moon to be inhabited is hard to imagine, but science says it can be done. Why don't we apply the same technologies here on Earth, to get even the most extreme environments to be hospitable?

Massimo Moretti, founder of WASP

Itaca is an ecosystem that makes use of the technologies necessary to live in space in order to improve the quality of life in areas with scarce water, food and industrial fabric.

The project is designed to make a group of 4 people independent, making them able to live without electricity, water and gas connections.

Food, water and energy self-sufficiency in a 33 meters diameter

The project is based on the thesis that, on Earth, a space of 33 meters in diameter is sufficient to make up to 4 people independent.

Itaca represents a selection of technical solutions optimized to create a circular micro economy, while maintaining the environmental balance.

Itaca is a collective research and development model

The digitization of collective knowledge and digital manufacturing are the processes that guide the development of the project.

Itaca proposes itself as a collective research and development model, where all the solutions implemented are digitized and shared.

A 3D printed house with zero kilometer materials

The main structure of Itaca will be printed by Crane WASP using natural local materials.

The project consists in a 3D printed house developed with zero kilometer materials, in which digital manufacturing and knowledge provide us with food, energy and economic independence.

WASP IAAC 3d print extruder

"For us at WASP, Itaca represents a path towards food, water, energy and economic self-sufficiency. A proposal for a solution to the social, energy, climate, and mass migration crisis. For us, 3D printing and digitization are a response to the needs of humanity "

Massimo Moretti, founder of WASP

WASP has already purchased the land for the construction of Itaca

WASP believes in the project, and has already purchased a plot of land near Bologna, where it will build the first Itaca over the next year.

Itaca is a training project, an open-source laboratory in which everyone is invited to participate.

building plot for Itaca in Imola

wasp at italian tech week presents itaca - massimo-moretti

WASP at the Italian Tech Week 2022

WASP at the Italian Tech Week 2022

WASP is back from Italian Tech Week, the largest technology event in Italy organized by Riccardo Luna. On the stage of the Fucine, in the splendid setting of the OGR in Turin, Massimo Moretti presented Itaca, the new project by WASP to respond to the needs of humanity through digital manufacturing.


On the occasion of the third edition of the exhibition, WASP participated both as a speaker and as an exhibitor, setting up a stand for Crane WASP, the architectural printer with which WASP has created some of its most renowned projects, including the very recent 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano.

Concurrently with the event, La Repubblica published an interview with Massimo Moretti, founder of WASP and speaker for the event.

Credits: photo  Daniele Solavaggione

3D printed art installation for Triennale Milano

A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano


Press Office
mail: press@3dwasp.com
Click here to download the press kit


A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano

On the occasion of the 23rd International Exhibition of Triennale Milano, headed by Stefano Boeri, WASP and Space Caviar created an entirely 3D printed exhibition, using eco-sustainable materials of natural origin.

A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano by WASP - view 03
3D printed art installation for Triennale Milano

The thematic exhibition Unknown Unknowns, curated by Ersilia Vaudo, addresses a series of themes including: gravity, seen as “the greatest designer”, an artisan that tirelessly shake the universe to which we belong.

Conceived by Space Caviar and produced by WASP, the exhibition design explores gravity’s ability to shape reality. The exhibition space is designed so that it converses with a hypothetical gravitational point positioned at the center of the museum’s Curva where the exhibition itself is located.



3D printing inside a museum

For the first time ever the exhibition design is completely produced inside the museum itself. For the occasion, WASP has created 32 different pieces in just 10 days.

This collaboration is a brilliant example of how WASP technology is declinable and multidisciplinary.

Un allestimento stampato in 3D da WASP per Triennale Milano - foto di DSL Studio

Crane WASP collaborative 3D printing system

For this project WASP used the architectural 3D printer Crane WASP, a collaborative 3D printing system.

For the needs of this specific setup, WASP transported and assembled Crane WASP within the museum and mixed the material near the printer on the first floor of the Triennale.

Following the values of reuse and sustainability, the staging for the thematic exhibition was realized using only organic materials, largely deriving from the food industry.

This mixture, designed by Ricehouse, was used for the first time by WASP to create a 3D printed wall with embedded stairs in collaboration with IAAC. This work can be considered a first significant step towards the realization of load-bearing earthen structures.





Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer


A 3D printed exhibition for Triennale Milano by WASP - Crane WASP - 01

Exhibition: Unknown Unknowns. An Introduction to Mysteries
Inauguration: July 15 2022, the exhibition will be open until December 11 2022
Location: Triennale Milano

Credits: photo  © DSL Studio

see Press Kit for more details

3d printing of the pop-up store wall for Dior with Crane WASP

WASP joins Autodesk Technology Centers program

Great start of 2022 for WASP, we are joining Autodesk Technology Centers program! 
The Autodesk Technology Centers in San Francisco, Boston, Toronto, and Birmingham, UK, brings together industry, academic, and entrepreneurial communities to create a shared vision of the future of making. In these spaces, they help bring to life solutions that enable people to turn ideas into realities and shape a innovation.

WASP is joining as a satellite resident team to create a channel of information between the Autodesk Technology Centers Outsight Network and WASP headquarters in Ravenna, Italy. This cooperation will enable WASP to explore the horizons of 3D printing construction with the industry-leading solutions developed by Autodesk.


WASP has been developing technologies for 3D printing sustainable housing since 2012 by printing with natural materials, such as soil and natural fibers. Crane WASP is the modular 3D printer that processes these materials, shaping the future of housing. 

3d printing of the pop-up store wall for Dior with Crane WASP

The diverse community of current and former residents, customers, industry, colleges and universities, start-ups, and experts within Autodesk will support the WASP R&D team through valuable connections from the Outsight Network to inform on how to explore, develop and test new opportunities.

WASP - stampa 3d argilla industriale

WASP together with HONDA revolutionize the design processes in the motorcycle industry

3D Printing technology enters into the creation process of industrial clay modelling

HONDA R&D Europe and WASP have further enhanced handicrafts skills, bringing the collaborative 3D Printing technology into the creation process of industrial clay modelling.


A 3D-printed object to be hand-finished

Currently in the two-wheeler industry, the creation of a new prototype is achieved through manual modeling of an industrial clay.

HONDA R&D Europe and WASP have worked to innovate and speed up the industrial development process. The new process accounts for an unprecedented freedom in manufacturing. The prototypal parts obtained can be easily hand-finished and re-worked in case they do not meet the required specifications. The industrial clay used in the process can be re-used and re-printed countless times and with minimal waste in a logic of environmental and economic sustainability.

The collaborative 3D printer that will forever change design processes in the motorcycle industry is finally here

Pioneering the LDM (Liquid Deposition Modelling) technology, the printing of ceramic material and reusable and recyclable natural materials picked up from the local soil, with zero emissions and adaptable to any climate and context, WASP currently further develops the technology to deposit dense fluid heated materials.

“The technological innovation consists in keeping at a constant temperature the whole system made by tank, connection pipe and extruder. WASP research has led to the creation of a revolutionary machine for printing industrial clay, the WASP 40100 INDUSTRIAL CLAY, able to extrude and make the material never ending and reusable. Therefore, we consider WASP's collaborative 3D printing a new concept in the additive industry.

Says Nicola Schiavarelli, Product Manager and one of WASP founders

The collaboration between HONDA R&D Europe and WASP

The meeting between HONDA R&D Europe and WASP is ensuring breakthroughs in motorcycle modeling that will improve industrial development processes.

Antonio Arcadu, Design Modeling Coordinator at Honda R&D Europe has met with WASP engineers. From this encounter arose new impulses that, based on reciprocal experiences, integrate manual knowledge with Additive Manufacturing.

HONDA R&D Europe - official uniform

Antonio Arcadu says:

"The industrial clay was first introduced in the design studios thanks to the vision of Harley Earl, an American designer who -in the late 1920s- revolutionized the way of creating automobile prototypes. He is credited with comparing the skills of the sculptor to that of the modeller, emphasising his creative abilities and his role as mediator between designers and the engineers. With a professional background ranging from industrial clay modelling to 3D engineering, from the virtual reality to additive manufacturing, the modeller figure has become today increasingly central to the development project. S/He is responsible for the entire materialization process, starting from the 3D design made entirely in virtual environment, to the final hand-made manufacturing phase occasionally replaced by the clay milling process or subtractive manufacturing."

Since 2017, WASP have experimented different types of extrusion for industrial clay, creating a totally innovative approach for the modelling world. However, it is thanks to the collaboration with HONDA R&D and the exchange of common know-how that clay extrusion has highly improved, bringing considerable benefits and optimizing the 3D model materialization time so to explore new solutions.

“In order to preserve the creative process, we cannot rely on technology alone, but we need modellers not to interrupt their connection with matter in its most direct form: the hands. Although this is a newly introduced process, it can be considered disruptive in the automotive sector because it introduces a new flow, mostly additive, able to optimize processing times and reduce the amount of material used in the traditional and subtractive processes.”

Says Antonio Arcadu

“We are not stopping here, this is a technology that can open up many other fields such as sculpture, modelling, prototypes and the world of design. It largely reduces costs, manufacturing time without impacting labour force. It brings not a dichotomy, rather a collaboration between humans and machine. A new philosophy in 3D printing that becomes circular and collaborative."

Says Nicola Schiavarelli.

3D printed pop-up store by WASP for Dior - view of the two modules

WASP 3D prints a unique concept store in collaboration with Dior


Press Office
mail: press@3dwasp.com
Download the press kit here


A 3D printed pop-up store for Dior

On Dubai’s Jumeirah beach stands a unique Dior installation composed of two circular modules crafted from natural materials, using an exceptional 3D printing system designed by WASP.

3D printed concept store by WASP for Dior
3D printed pop-up store by WASP for Dior in Dubai

Inside, creations celebrating the gentle life – notably from the Dioriviera women’s collection designed by Maria Grazia Chiuri – are revealed by turn in acidic hues.

Iconic bags, such as the Dior Book Tote and the Dior Caro, mingle with the latest additions to the Dior 2022 cruise line, such as the Lady Dior in the horizontal East-West format and the Lady Dior Wicker baskets.

Also on display are Dior Maison essentials including deckchairs, parasols, cushions and bottles adorned with toile de Jouy. The emblematic design also features on the lounge chairs facing this audacious showcase that carries the promise of a dreamy interlude.

The 3D printed walls

This hi-tech feat pushes the boundaries of savoir-faire for WASP which for the first time, like a digital tailor, has designed a habitable structure in proportions never seen before.

In a fascinating architectural interplay, the cannage motif, a key House code, is revealed on the walls of this ephemeral boutique, 3d printed by WASP.

3d printed wall for Dior - texture detail

Crane WASP collaborative 3D printing system

The innovative spaces  of the Dior pop-up store were crafted from natural materials, combining clay, sand and raw fibers.

Using an exceptional 3D printing system designed by WASP to create 3D printed eco-housing from natural materials: the collaborative printing system Crane WASP.

Crane WASP
the Infinite 3d Printer

Dior pop-up store construction site in Dubai with Crane WASP

Project: Dior concept store
Inauguration: 25 October 2021, open until 22 March 2022
Location: Nammos Beach, Jumeirah, Dubai

Credits: photos  © Mohamed Somji

VERO2 - 3D Printing glass

Another life for Murano glass


WASP is technical partner of the project VERO2, carried on by Matteo Silverio, that aims to give antoher life to Murano glass waste.

In fact, Murano glass can't be recycled like the normal glass due to the pigment used to color it. Silverio, through the usage of a 3D printer, managed to create pieces composed totally by Murano glass waste, introducing a new solution to its recycling problem.

Recycling: pieces composed 100% by Murano glass

The ink is composed by 97% of Murano glass powder, that after the printing is cooked at 700°C. The process works at room temperature and when it is baked, the 3% of the compound that is not glass melts, so the final product is 100% Murano glass.

VERO in Italian means true, and in Venetian dialect means glass, so the title VERO VERO means real glass. This project combines the ancient traditional craftmanship with most advanced technologies.

The shape of the objects has been generated by an algorithm optimized to simulate a fluid geometry, in continous changing. It simulates the sinous curves of Venetian lagoon velme and ghebi.

3D printed glass final pieces

just printed pieces

cooked pieces
(the piece on the right is voluntarily twisted)

Venice glass week 2021

Final pieces are exposed at the Venice glass week 2021 at Maison203 store. In addition to these pieces, there will be a hybridization between 3D printing and hand work done by the expert Nicola Moretti.

The 3D printer for glass


To print Murano glass, Matteo used a modified Delta WASP 2040 Clay, the perfect LDM printer to experiment with fluids materials. WASP is always on the first line to collaborate to try new materials and find new solutions through technologies.

3D printed wall art installation

3D printing wall art and stairs

3D printing in large scale for art installations

Large scale 3D printing has a lot of potential for being used to create ehxhibitions and installations, but not everyone knows why to choose this technology. 3D printing lets you to overcome limits of manufacturing, experimenting with shapes and structures that are not possible in other ways. These works are made by WASP Hub Madrid, Lowpoly.

Stairs to Infinity

In this case study, we’ll see how additive manufacturing opens new ways to design stairs with parametric techniques: lighter and with recycled materials.

3D printed stairs art installation in Cosmocaixa Museum in Barcelona

The structure has been designed in wireframe to reach the goal of lightness and resistance at the same time.

This project is designed by Carmen Baselga and Hector Serrano for the exhibition PRINT3D in Cosmocaixa Museum in Barcelona. The concept of the project was trying to design a spiral staircase of 12 meters, only supported by transparent threads, as light as possible.


Gelosia is a project that uses 3d printing on a large scale to create big partition walls. Like for Stairs to Infinity, It was designed by Carmen Baselga and Hector Serrano for the exhibition PRINT3D of Cosmocaixa museum in Barcelona.

3d printed art wall at Cosmocaixa museum in Barcelona

The purpose of the project was to separate sections of the exhibition while maintaining the view through it. 

3D printing process

The wireframe structure has been chosen not only for functional issues, but also for the light and shades effects that this holes pattern creates.
Grasshopper is the software used to generate the gcode and the route that the 3D printer follows. If you want to see how to generate the gcode directly from Grasshopper, click on the button

assembling 3d printed stairs installation

This design process permits to minimize the waste of material, optimizing the shape and reducing the material only to the structural parts

Each step has been divided and printed in parts to have the chance to add couplings to make the assembly easier. This procedure has led to shipping the entire stairs in two boxes, optimizing the logistics and dropping the CO2 emissions.

PLA pellet

pla pellet

The material used to print the project is PLA recycled from food packaging, mixed with natural white pigment. In this way, the aesthetical result is excellent and it is not necessary to finish it with final painting. Printing with pellets has many advantages: you can use recycled plastic: it is cheaper and faster than filament material. 
Check our pellet materials.

Large scale 3D printer

For these two projects it has been used the 3MT 3D printer. It permits to print big pieces until 1 meter of diameter and it is really used for installations or to create walls. The procedure is to print in pieces and then assembly them, building the entire structure.

large scale 3D printer

3D Print Coral Reef

For sure one of the most interesting topic of our additive manufacturing world.
3D print Coral reef seems a really effective approach to use 3d printing and help the natural coral ecosystem repopulation.

Here we are at the European Research Project 3DPARE, where we were involved with Delta WASP 3MT CONCRETE thanks to Gianluca Pugliese from LowPoly official distributor of WASP in Spain and a certain one of the most expert in the additive manufacturing field from our community.

Images from www.designboom.com

Artificial reef 3D printing for Atlantic area

The Research group Giteco of the university of Cantabria has immersed a series of
3D printed artificial reefs in the UK, French, Portugal, and Spanish as part of the European project 3Dpare the reefs are placed with the aim to study the most adequate way to regenerate life in the Atlantic coasts.

Images from www.designboom.com

How to 3D print coral reef:

For 3d print coral reef you need for sure a 3d file like .stl file and the correct slicing: the project we show chose concrete and a sinuous structure. For that reason, they experiment with sand for support during the printing and manual filling.



There other similar application where is used clay instead of concrete (and we love it a lot) and also an object that uses the 3d printed infill like natural hollows. It is possible to print the object on one side and then turn up the piece to have horizontal holes.

WASP printer prints clay the same, but to finish the process you need also an oven.

Geopolymers is for sure another not much-explored way we will reach. Better way up to the scientist, is that research isn't it?


3D printed coral could help endangered reefs

Researchers had immersed different shapes of object to understand during the years which one is better in terms of attraction and growth of flora and fauna in each group. At the end they will choose the best and adequate shapes and material to help endangered reefs.

Here the different coral reef immersed:



3D print coral reefs can create new habitat?

In this video, you see free diving in artificial reefs in Santander Bay. The artificial reefs host an octopus and different algae.


3D Printer for Coral Reef:

Delta WASP 3MT Concrete is the machine we provide with a continuous feeding system and the one that we dedicate to print large size objects. The maximum height you can reach is one meter tall; if you need to print something bigger, Crane WASP can be provided with the same extrusion system.

pump concrete 3d printer - Delta WASP 3MT CONCRETE


Other Two ispiring project you could realize using Delta WASP printer



Novel 3D printed reef tiles to re-populate coral biodiversity and 3D printed coral reef in the Maldives. These two showcases are not created by our technology but are perfect concepts to be realized with.

For any information about this kind of application, apply here.

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    * I hereby authorize utilization of my personal data for the purposes of processing my request. Such personal data shall be processed in compliance with the information contained in the privacy policy

    The rugged motorcycle with 3d printed components

    3D printed motorcycle parts

    3D printed electric motorcycle components

    From the partnership between the innovative Design of E-Racer and the technical experience of WASP, a new electric 3d printed motorcycle is born: The Rugged.

    In fact, the E-Racer Design Team asked us to join forces to create components for a new motorcycle: a redesign and optimization of the previous one ZERO FXS. We suddenly replied that we were really excited to collaborate in this innovative project. WASP, since the beginning, works with research Teams that share the dream to make the World a better place.

    E-Racer, with this electrical motorcycle, cooperates to achieve this visionary goal. That’s the way this partnership has born: WASP has provided his technical skills in technical materials and in 3d printing.

    3D printed electric motorcycle parts by WASP and E-Racer

    e-racer logo

    Design Team

    E-Racer is an Italian Company that works designing motorcycles and scooters for other corporations. The founder is Aldo De Giovanni: after years of working behind the scenes, he decided to collect his experience and to build a Designers Team.

    The E-Racer Team works as an external consultant for Companies that want to create innovative motorcycles. They have already created projects for italian chinese, and vietnamite market.

    Design is always at the core production with clay models, sketches and renders that are combined with the most advanced technology like 3d printing and robotics. This is the perfect mix between craftsmanship and automation.

    E-Racer: an innovative Designers Team

    front side of the electrical motorcycle The Rugged

    Back view of the electrical motorcycle The Rugged

    The Rugged: 3d printed electrical motorcycle

    The Rugged has been redesigned from a 2018 model to be optimized: his production and distribution is scheduled for 2020 fall. Due to the short term, E-Racer decided to rely on WASP for the production of some components: carter, riding, tail, lateral frames and tank

    The redesign made from the Team has allowed the parts shapes to reach the essential, improving the functionality and making the motorcycle lighter.

    The parts are 3D printed in ABS and then they are sanded and treated with protective coat Line-X. This process makes them more resistant to the weathering and adds durability to the material.

    Why 3d printing?

    • lighter components
    • direct production without molds
    • customization
    • simultaneous creation of different parts
    • particular shapes
    • waste reduction
    • controlled thickness
    • no need for draft angles
    • assembling ABS pieces with acetone
    Printer Delta WASP 4070 INDUSTRIAL X prints an ABS part

    3D printing leads a great advantage to the components production: you can pass directly from modelling to the creation of the object, without other processes.
    This allows to rapidly shorten the productive line and to vary the pieces’ shape without additional costs.

    Customized motorcycle parts

    The creation of the parts with 3d printers permits their customizing and to achieve exclusive design. You can design parts with different shapes, that couldn’t be possible with the usual industrial process. This allows also to avoid molds cost, difficult to amortize in short time.

    Another benefit of 3d printing production is the opportunity to simultaneously create pieces in different printers. You can subdivide the components into several parts and print them in the same time, speeding up even more the manifacturing.

    Fully customizable: each motorcycle is unique thanks to 3d printing

    The rugged motorcycle with 3d printed components

    Not only prototypes, with technical materials you can print ready-to-use products.

    3D printing has always been seen as a prototyping method to have a quick response of the model in reality. With the materials science progress, 3D printing can use technical materials with high resistance and mechanical properties suitable for an actual application. To print these parts, we decided to use ABS, a thermopolymer widely used thanks to its proprieties of resistance, flexibility and lightness.

    logo detail of the rugged, 3d printed electrical motorcycle

    detail of under saddle of the electrical motorcycle the rugged

    ABS filament

    A technical material with high-shock resistance

    The chosen material is ABS: it is a technical material that resists to shocks and to extreme temperature changes

    It is often used for replacement parts because compared to other materials, like PLA, it is warp resistant after big temperature changes and usually tends to avoid crumbling. In addition, his friction coefficient is really low, so the extrusion turns out simple.

    With ABS you can also subdivide components, print them separately and then reassembly them with acetone and a plaster made with ABS melted in acetone.

    Thanks to the hot chamber of the printer Delta WASP INDUSTRIAL X, it has been possible to print big pieces (the bigger one is 70cm!).


    applicazione della vernice protettiva Line-x su una componente stampata 3D della moto The Rugged

    Line-X is a professional treatment that, applied at high temperature and pressure, binds permanently to components. 

    It is the distinctive effect that we often see in motorcycles and pick ups: a porous and knurled paint that gives style and strength to vehicles. It is formed by a hardener and a resin, that contrast the abrasion of the underlying material.

    Professional 3d printer

    Delta WASP INDUSTRIAL X 4070 is the ideal printer to create industrial objects.In fact his heated chamber and cooled mechanic permit to fastly print big pieces with technical material. As with The Rugged components, thank to the big capacity of the volume (40cm x 70cm), It was not a problem to print each kind of pieces size.

    100 italian architectural conservation stories prize by symbola e fassa bortolo

    100 Italian architectural conservation stories

    The prize by Symbola and Fassa Bortolo

    WASP is one of the winners of the Symbola foundation and Fassa Bortolo’s prize on 100 Italian architectural conservation stories, in the section material and technology.
    A hundred stories about innovation, sustainabiliy and beauty: the aim is to tell the best conservation works in Italian territory in order to enhance the richness of the architecture.

    100 italian architectural conservation stories prize by symbola e fassa bortolo

    Symbola Foundation

    Symbola Foundation for Italian Quality does research, project and events to underline the quality of companies that focus on innovation, creativity and human resources.
    In fact, from 2005 Symbola promotes and researches Italian beauties, through key values based on Green economy, Culture and social cohesion. It cooperates with specialized institutions to better analyze italian companies actions and make quality papers.

    The WASP winner project

    WASP won the prize thanks to his work done in partnership with Parma FabLab and 3D ArcheoLab: the reconstruction of a Kantharos. It is done through non invasive 3D scans. Kantahros was a drinking cup used in V century b.C. by Greek and Etruscan, and this in particular represents Sileno and Menade decorations.
    The cup’s copy, printed with Delta WASP 4070, is exhibited in the Etruscan Museum of Marzabotto for blind people.

    WASP also scanned 28 decorative statues in the Pompei archeologic area in partnership with the Special Superintendence for cultural heritage. After that, the models were printed and located in Ottavio Quartione and Marco Lucrezio's Domus.
    The printed copies are almost identical to the real pieces, thanks to the quality of the details; original ones are preserved in Torino.

    Symbola book closed of the prize 100 italian stories for future building

    SYmbola book of the prize Symbola book closed of the prize 100 italian stories for future building in front of Gaia

    The prize of 2019

    Also in 2019 WASP was among the winners, but in anoter field: "100 italian stories for future building". It was a research on Italian Companies that worked in the building industry that stood up for innovative projects.

    The research was made in partnership with Fassa Bortolo and the Triennale di Milano, with field's experts and MadeExpo such as technical partner.
    The prize was given for Gaia3D printed house with Crane WASP technology using natural materials from the surrounding area.


    Flowchart for Covid-19 Emergency Management

    We are all together against Covid

    Covid is spreading across the Globe and even if we read News on the Web, nobody really knows how to react to this illness. More and more people need to autoisolate at the first coughing fit and they often can’t be checked by the Doctor. What can we do in these situations? How can we know if breathing symptoms and fatigue are related to Covid?

    WASP solution with HRS

    WASP, in partnership with Doctor Giorgio Noera, internationally renowned Heart Surgeon of HRS (Health Research and Development SRL), has set up a Self-evaluation and Self-medication Kit that permits to manage first days of sickness and to understand when call E.R. Number.

    Dr. Giorgio Noera is expert in Sanitary Emergencies thanks to his work as
    Member of the Technical Scientific Committee of Military Health and of the Ministry of Defense. He is also a Professor in Distater Medicine at the Modena University.

    How does it work?

    Legenda that explains how to read the flowchart for Covid Self-evaluation and Self-medication

    Through a scoring system, where the highest numbers are linked to the most severe symptoms, everybody can self-diagnoses the illness, the level of danger and respond with over-the-counter drugs. If the score result exceeds a certain threshold, the test suggests to call the Doctor for high suspicion of Covid Illness and If health parameters results are abnormal, the test urges to call E.R. number.

    Flowchart for Covid-19 self-evaluation

    Covid Flowchart for Self evaluation and self medication

    This Flowchart makes possible to reduce the movement of people in the Hospital Emergency Rooms: the goal is to decrease alarmism and to avoid understimation of symptoms. In this way Hospital’s Rooms will be less overcrowded and the circulation of the Virus reduced.

    Easy to use

    The advices are not only about medications: the chart suggests also lifestyle tips, supplements and other ideas to control the disease. It is simple and easy to use: in a short time You can know the severity of the illness, wherever You are.

    The test doesn’t replace Doctor’s recommendations, but It permits to people to quickly react to the sickness from the first day and It warns the patient if his conditions are critical and It is necessary to call the E.R. Number.

    Breathing exercises

    There are a lot of exercises to train the breathing, the most common is sitting with straight back, inhale deeply and then exhale slowly. Repeat the exercise each time you need to calm down your Mind or to increase your Oxygen Saturation level, that needs to stay over 94.

    Yoga Videos for Deep breathing

    These videos contain demonstrations to improve your deep breathing practice. They have been created by Yoga Therapy, an indipendent organization of doctors and therapists that discloses Therapeutic Yoga.


    Yoga therapy

    Yoga Therapy aim is to share the knowledge of Yoga, ancient discipline, used in the past to treat and heal soul and body.
    They promote this alternative therapy in a scientific and medical way, and they are really open to help people in this process.


    Yoga Training

    Yoga Therapy also freely trains Yoga Teachers to take action in the local territory, helping people to deal with stress, strenghten their immunitary system and improve their pulmonary capacity. To do this, they use Pranayama techniques.

    If you are a Yoga Teacher and you want to contact them, you can call them at number 376.0130625 or writing an email to richiesta.yogatherapy@gmail.com.


    HRS Health Research and Development, organization that works in natural sciences and engineering fields

    HRS, Health Research and Development works in Natural Sciences and Engineering fields.

    GSL Giardino di Santa Lucia, Nursing Home and medical office

    Giardino di Santa Lucia is a Nursing Home and a Medical Office.

    Italian Honorary Consulate, Cancùn - Isla Mujeres - Yucatàn

    Caracol 3D Mask

    Caracol is calling WASP against Covid-19

    CARACOL is calling WASP to product Covid 19 3D printed masks

    Caracol 3D Mask

    Everything happened  during the lockdown; CARACOL, a reference company in Italy for the services of Additive Manufacturing  asked  for help to WASP : 10 Delta WASP 2040 PRO and 2 Delta WASP 2040 INDUSTRIAL 3D printers must be produced in the shortest time.

    Stampante 3D Delta
    Delta WASP 2040 INDUSTRIAL X - stampante delta professionale

    We had to act quickly and well, Milan was calling and we decided to work together to produce protective devices against Covid-19.
    In a few days the 3D printers were in the CARACOL production center in Lomazzo (Milano).

    The non-stop production of more than 2000 Covid 19 3D printed masks, per week, printed with hypoallergenic polymeric material and equipped with an interchangeable filter, begins.

    CARACOL, through a crowdfunding campaign and the support of the community, has donated masks to the Italian Red Cross, to small Italian municipalities such as Lomazzo, Cusano Milanino, Rivoli, Lanciano, and Sorrento, and to therapeutic and treatment centers.

    A victory from a cooperation point of view and in the 3D printing field which leads the attention to an essential role in the manufacture of medical equipment.

    The health care emergency due to the Covid-19 has shown the strengths of 3D printing which can obviate the lack of some essential devices in record times.

    Now the global market shows that  3D printing must be used for additive manufacturing like never before. This allows the relocation of some production in order to face the demand peaks. It also allows diversification of the supply chain in case of emergencies in many sectors, not only the medical one but also the Automotive and Motorsport, Aerospace and Defense, Industrial Machinery, Design and Architecture fields.

    CARACOL like WASP believes in a collaborative future and in technological progress, in the evolution of digital manufacturing in order to meet the needs of humanity.

    Piegatto WASP - 01

    3D printed furniture, when Art meet Additive Manufacturing

    by Carolyn Schwaar thanks to all3dpi
    Images and project by piegatto.com

    Delta WASP: 3D Printed Furniture With Beauty & Form

    Delta WASP 3D Printing Case Study: How a Guatemalan architect creates stunningly intricate furniture designs achievable only with a large format 3D printer.

    arredamento stampato in 3d- Piegatto Truss chair
    TRUSSCHAIR - 3D printed chaise longue

    A sculpture machine – this is how an artist sees a 3D printer. To furniture designer, architect, and artist Alejandro Estrada, his 3D printer is a tool on par with a hammer and chisel. He didn’t choose this method because it was faster, cheaper, or easier. He creates with a 3D printer because it expands what’s possible in design and challenges his imagination.

    “When you know how to draw a line it’s completely unimportant if it’s with a stick, with your hand, with a pencil, or with a computer,” he says. “And when you know how to draw a line and you find much more accurate ways of doing so, then you take this new way of doing to create a work of art.”

    Estrada’s art includes contemporary furniture design through additive manufacturing, specifically with the technology of Italian printer manufacturer WASP.


    Type of Print: Final Piece - 3D printed chaise longue
    Options: Injection Molding vs FDM
    Industry: Furniture
    3D Print Volume: 1 per week on average
    Print Material: Various PLA, wood composite pellets
    Printer selected: Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0
    Printer investment: $40,000 with accessories
    Time to ROI: Expected: 1.5 years

    Piegatto - Truss Chair
    The Piegatto Truss chair in natural amber biopolymer from NatureWorks. (Source: Piegatto)

    Art Meets Technology in Unique and Beautiful Ways

    Estrada’s 3D printed furniture isn’t just an expression of art, it’s an expression of additive manufacturing technology itself because he only produces pieces that can’t be made any other way. “If it looks like you can do it with your hands or it can be done with another machine, then I think it doesn’t make any sense to 3D print it,” he says.

    Some designers might imagine a chair then look for a unique way to produce it. Instead, Estrada begins with the method – the 3D printer – and then, with an intimate understanding of its capabilities, imagines what type of chair only it could produce.

    And with this approach the Truss line of outdoor furniture was born. Retailing in exclusive designer furniture galleries in New York, Miami, and Los Angeles, each piece of Estrada’s furniture created by his company, Piegatto, is a solid, intricate object of art that is as beautiful as it is comfortable. Printed from biodegradable and weatherproof PLA with openings that create transparency, the chair stretches in some parts and stays sturdy in others.

    Not many 3D printers are capable of producing prints at this level of complexity and size, and finding the right printer took Estrada time and testing.

    Choosing the Right Printer and Material

    Dozens of printer manufacturers display their machines at the IDTechEx Show in California every year. Estrada spoke with several and narrowed the companies to one that appeared to have the quality and scale he needed to create unique outdoor furniture. He traveled to Germany, conducted printing tests, and was very close to buying a machine, he says. “But the big problem was that we could only buy the material through them and, for the material alone, one chair was around $700. For what we wanted to do, it didn’t make any sense.”

    The material had to be less expensive. Spools of filament, which start at $20 per kilogram, were out of the question for making a full-size chair. Instead, Estrada looked at thermoplastic materials in pellet form, which can run as low as $2.50 per kilogram.

    More commonly used in injection molding, pellets are not only less expensive but come in a wider range of materials than filament, including a long list of recycled and sustainable products. Plus, because a high volume of pellet material is fed via a hopper into the extruder, pellet-based 3D printers typically can print large objects quicker than filament-based printers.

    Sustainability is an important aspect of Piegatto’s designs. Not only should the furniture be made of sustainable materials but the process should create little waste, which is a hallmark of additive manufacturing.

    For Estrada, 3D printing is a way to add even more beauty to an object. “We realized that we needed to do wise objects without waste, as the beauty of an object not only resides in what you see as a final product, but what … you practice in achieving that beauty.”

    An Innovative Artist Meets an Innovative Printer

    Material, size, and quality needs led Estrada to Italian printer manufacturer WASP (World’s Advanced Savings Project).

    Known for its mission to 3D print clay houses to solve the world’s housing issues, WASP has grown over the years to offer a wide range of industrial printers for construction, architecture and design, art and culture, energy, medical devices, and food.

    stampante 3d industriale

    Test prints on the Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0 printer convinced Estrada to make the investment. Although WASP offers a printing service, purchasing the printer at $40,000 with accessories, made more sense, he says, not only because his design company is located in Guatemala City, Guatemala, some 10,000 miles away from WASP, but because his creative process required multiple iterations and testing

    “Imagine all the trials and errors that we make,” says Estrada, “it would be impossible to do it with an outsource service.”

    Piegatto’s two WASP printers (he also owns the Delta WASP 40100 Clay) run almost every day when there aren’t electricity blackouts, which are common in Guatemala. It takes six days to print one Truss chair and customer demand is high.

    “We’re working on some modular benches for a shopping center, as well as some small pieces and vases,” says Estrada. “And the other thing is testing and more testing.”

    Stay tuned to Piegatto for more innovative creations from Alejandro Estrada, a visionary pushing the boundaries of additive manufacturing for design.

    WASP Matteo Viviani

    Le Iene Show at WASP

    The italian intelligence to win against the virus

    The good of technology at the service of humanity.

    The "Iena" Matteo Viviani went here in WASP to meet Massimo Moretti, CEO, to talk about the medical devices that were designed and produced to fight Covid-19. First he gave a look at Gaia, the first 3D earth printed house, then he tried MY SPACE HELMET, our drip protection ventilated helmet with an integrated filter.

    Watch here the report dedicated to the WASP technology from the minute 8 (in Italian).

    Protective Visor

    WASP Protective Visor

    MY SPACE SHIELD: PET 0,5 mm WASP Protective Visor

    A protective visor that must be part of our habits. It protects us by closing on the head. Nose, eyes and mouth will be shielded by a thin transparent PET film.


    It’s useful in the workplace, it’s good for civil use, indispensable to respect other people.

    Open source project

    Instructions and drawings of the WASP visor are available here:

    Evolution of the visor

    MY FACE SHIELD is the result of research conducted by WASP in the COVID-19 emergency period which led to the development of the definitive visor starting from two initial models. You can see all the models HERE.

    Discover more about:

    My Space Helmet

    My Face Mask custom 3D printed mask

    mascherina 3d - MY FACE MASK

    "Virtual Evidence", application of WASP's 3D printers in the future of forensic disciplines

    WASP technology also finds application in the "virtual evidence" analysis and in the future of forensic disciplines

    It is known that 3D printing is now applied, fortunately, in many fields of application. One of the least known is perhaps forensic use. This sector today uses technological innovations resources that are applicable to biomedical sciences and forensic medicine with the related forensic disciplines.

    In order to be solved, some cases require innovative three-dimensional comparison techniques called "analysis of virtual evidence".

    The case of the Pioltello railway accident use WASP 3d printing technology to define the sequence of events.

    The accident occurred on the morning of January 25th, 2018 on the Milan-Venice railway. The Trenord regional train 10452, full of commuters, coming from Cremona and heading to Milan Porta Garibaldi, derailed shortly after exiting the Pioltello-Limito station, towards Milan, causing three deaths and 46 injuries.

    During the press conference was shown the computerized 3D reconstruction of the railway infrastructure and of the rolling stock. This reconstruction was carried out with highly innovative technologies for the analysis of Virtual Evidence and allowed the technical consultants, appointed by the Milan Public Prosecutor, to analyze the incident in detail, also through real simulations with 3D printing models in scale 1: 1.

    Video of the press conference. (click here)

    These models were created in the Scientific police labs, with the collaboration of WASP and the use of the Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0 3D printer. They allowed to verify the morphological compatibility between the "markings" produced by the impact on the infrastructure elements and on the rolling stocks.

    stampante 3d industriale

    The 3D technical representation of the railway accident

    The Scientific Police Service proceeded with the three-dimensional representation of the entire section of the railway line (more than 2 km), from the so-called "zero point" to the "quiet point", reconstructing the dynamics of the event with computerized animations. It was particularly impressive the sequence from the minute 3.07 in which it was possible to see how the detachment of a piece of rail caused the train wheel to come off the track, causing the disastrous derailment.

    This is the video made by the Scientific Police with the whole 3D technical reconstruction of the railway accident.

    Which potential developments can be envisaged in this area for the future?

    The three-dimensional reconstruction of structures including damaged human parts will certainly find widespread in the forensic field, thanks to a further reduction in printing costs.

    Moreover, the three-dimensional reproduction of the crime scene or of some interested areas will constitute another very useful application for the reconstruction of crime dynamics and victim’s death.

    If you want to look to a future that is apparently a little further away, you can imagine being able to reproduce the chemical-biological characteristics of a fabric by 3D printing, with the possibility of making the assessment an examination that can be repeated several times on models in all and for all true to the original.

    The Delta WASP 3D Printers reliability

    The Delta WASP 3d printers reliability will allow the reproduction of models equipped not only with the external characteristics reflecting the original in the three dimensions, but also with its physical properties. The simulation of this Pioltello accident specific case defined with a greater degree of certainty than that achievable with traditional tools, in particular the succession of events that determined this specific derailment. If you want to look at a future that is apparently a little further away, you can imagine that it will be possible to reproduce the chemical-biological characteristics of a fabric by 3D printing. It will give the possibility of making the assessment an examination that can be repeated several times on models that are true to the original.

    WASP al tg3 emilia-romagna

    WASP at TGR 3 Emilia Romagna

    WASP on the front line against Covid-19

    The good of technology in the service of humanity.

    The Journalist Mattia Martini talks about WASP's technological innovation in 3d printing against Covid-19 with MY FACE MASK , a custom 3D printed mask , and MYSPACE , protective helmet.

    WASP al tg3 emilia-romagna

    Watch here the report on WASP technology from the minute15.20 .

    ZERO Impact Houses, WASP on the tv show Striscia la Notizia!

    WASP with the 3D printed house of the future on Striscia la Notizia

    Cristina Gabetti in the special "Occhio al Futuro" (Eye to the Future) on the tv show "Striscia la Notizia" interviews Massimo Moretti of WASP and Tiziana Monterisi of Ricehouse srl on the house of the future 3D printed with raw earth and rice processing waste. The good of technology at the service of man.

    Gaia, 3D printed house with raw earth

    WASP presents Gaia, the first 3D printed house by the new Crane WASP technology with natural materials from the surrounding area.

    Casa stampata in 3d, fronte

    3D printed mask - MY FACE MASK

    Custom 3D printed Mask

    MY FACE MASK: 3D printed face Mask with a replaceable filter.

    Custom 3D printed mask with replaceable filter, obtained from a 3D scan of the wearer, an open-source project released.

    3d printed mask

    WASP has developed a open-source process that, starting from the 3D scan of the face, allows to customize and produce a tailored mask for every user.

    3d printed mask - side

    The wearer can be scanned using photogrammetry with a standard smartphone camera from a distance of 1 meter. All the photos taken are then reprocessed to create a 3D mesh

    Our goal was to make the 3d printed face mask perfectly ergonomic, following the facial features as a second skin, a result that we obtained using My Face Mask Blender add-on.


    The materials

    The material used in this video is PCL: Polycaprolactone as it can be placed in direct contact with the skin.

    PCL is a biomaterial widely used in the medical field, its melting point is 100°C, it doesn't warp and there's no need for a heated chamber to print it. The printed mask can be also hand-modeled to ensure a perfect fit using hot water (around 60°).

    Another material that can be used is F1 BIO FLEX TPE is a TPE 27 Shore D certified. It prints at 200 ° and the result is a more flexible object and sanitizable at the same time.

    The 3D printing process

    All masks are printed using Delta WASP 4070 INDUSTRIAL 4.0. This 3D printer allows you to easily use technical materials like the described above.

    3d printed mask - open-source process

    The idea is of a 3D printed mask that can be sanitized and used many times. The filter is located in a central front slot, where it can be replaced. 
    Here an interesting research concerning filters from Cambridge University.

    It only takes about an hour and a half to customize a perfect fit face mask in TPE, this reducing skin irritation and long-use related issues. Two hours with PCL filament needed.

    The choice of the filter

    The perfect and reusable connection between face and filter, this is what we have made available to the community with the My Face Mask project. The term "filtering" opens up a huge theme, which is closely linked to the use of the tool and to the degree of security required.

    We have expanded the functions of the Blender add-on due to the popular request to support different standard filters based on your preference and the availability of materials.


    My Face Mask Add-on has now been updated with a lot of new functionalities.

    As requested the add-on supports now different kinds of filters from open-source projects. In this way anyone can choose what filter to use on its customized mask, depending on preferences and availability.

    The filters available are five:

    The cylindrical joint is designed for electrostatic medical filters, specifically designed for the filtration of viruses and bacteria. These are usually available just for hospitals and health facilities for it’s important that they have the priority for this kind of product.
    The joint can be tapered for granting the best held possible on the filter.

    Requires: Electrostatic medical filter

    HEPAs are filtering systems with a very wide range of applications. They are based on the principle of folding for obtaining the maximum filtering surface.
    One of the easiest to find is the replacement for Roomba i7, for which these joint has been designed.

    Can HEPA filters capture nanoparticles?

    Requires: Roomba i7 HEPA

    WASP joint has been studied to be compatible with all kinds of filtering fabrics with the use of an internal frame.
    The shape has been studied to have a wide area of breathing.
    For the choice of the filtering fabric you can for example use the material from a N95 surgical mask or a traditional fabric, following the related studies.

    Study on 30+ materials for DIY masks:

    Requires: 3D printed frame DOWNLOAD, fabric

    Montana joint borns from a popular US project for using a single N95 mask to produce 6 filters.

    Montana masks project:

    Requires: 3D printed frame DOWNLOAD, N95 mask

    The circular adapter allows fixing fabrics without the necessity of a frame by using an elastic element.
    For the choice of the filtering fabric you can for example use the material from a N95 surgical mask or a traditional fabric, following the related studies.

    Study on 30+ materials for DIY masks:

    Requires: fabric, elastic element

    Open-source project

    Here you can find how to learn photogrammetry, The dedicated Blender add-on tutorial, the .stl files, and printing profiles.

    We decided to use photogrammetry to obtain a 3D scan of the wearer face since it’s the easiest method and can be performed using any smartphone camera. It can also be used a standard 3D scanner if available.


    There are several 3D scanning methods.
    Among the various 3D scanning possibilities currently available, photogrammetry is an immediate process and within everyone’s reach, achievable without having to purchase dedicated technologies.
    It is a matter of taking a series of photographs even with your mobile phone, at a minimum distance of 1 meter from the subject, starting from one side of the face to the opposite side.
    It is necessary to place reference points together with the subject to be able to re-calculate the right proportions during the export phase.

    Follow our instruction in the download above

    To get the 3D face file, you need to transform the images into mesh.
    For this operation we recommend the use of this software: RealityCapture
    At the end of the reconstruction, just export the scan in .obj extension.

    Follow our instruction in the download above.

    WASP has developed a process to create custom masks starting from 3D face scanning through modeling with Blender 2.82. Thanks to Alessandro Zomparelli, collaborator of WASP, a dedicated Blender Add-on was born: My Face Mask Blender add-on that facilitates and automates the customization phase with specific commands until the export of the template.stl file.

    Download  Blender 2.82 here: https://www.blender.org/download/releases/

    Download MY FACE MASK add-on Blender 2.82 and instructions here: https://www.3dwasp.com/en/my-face-mask-addon-blender/

    We recommend 2 types of materials for printing the template:

    PCL: Polycaprolactone is a bioplastic already in use in the medical sector which is extruded at 100 ° and can be further modeled at the end of printing in hot water (60/70 °). It can be printed with all models of WASP 3D printers with 1.75 mm filaments with WASP SPITFIRE Extruder and WASP ZEN Extruder extruders.

    BIOFLEX: Bioflex is a medical certified TPE 27 Shore D (medical certification of type USP XXXII: 2009 Class VI and ISO 10993-4 / 5/10) for skin contact. It can be printed at 200 ° using 2.85 mm filaments, therefore usable with all WASP 3D printers equipped with WASP FLEX Extruder.

    Cut the filter material to right dimensions and insert it into the mask.

    By publishing this 3D application and how to replicate it, we want to make it clear that under no circumstances do we want to replace medical supplies. Our Team is available to develop tech projects at the service of the community.

    Discover more about:

    My Space Helmet

    My Space Shield PET 0,5 mm WASP Protective Visor

    mascherina 3d - MY FACE MASK

    Ventilated Helmet - MY SPACE HELMET

    Protection ventilated Helmet

    MY SPACE HELMET: Drip protection ventilated Helmet with integrated filter

    ventilated helmet

    An air-conditioned, ventilated helmet with a controlled space. A positive pressure protective Helmet. This is my space, the result of a few days of experimentation that has allowed us to pass, in only three days, from a prototype to the first production for internal use, all thanks to digital manufacturing.


    This device wants to fulfil the prerogative to go close to another person without the risk of contamination. The ventilated helmet is made of light and transparent plastic material, it is easy to wear and creates a personal protected space.


    Nose, mouth, eyes, ears, everything is enclosed in a pressurized casing and once worn you have a feeling of protection, without the limitation of breathing capacity caused by the masks.

    The fresh and clean air comes from above, while at the ears area, small holes allow the sound to enter. The holes are protected by air-flow out which can be closed if desired. The fan is powered by a battery for several hours.

    Ventilated Helmet - MY SPACE HELMET - 02

    Discover more about:

    My Face Mask custom 3D printed mask

    My Space Shield PET 0,5 mm WASP Protective Visor

    mascherina 3d - MY FACE MASK

    WASP technical sponsor of the Expo Dubai 2020 Design Competition Winner

    Delta WASP 3MT experiences the 3D printed tissue

    Our pay off is: Your dimension, Your material, Our solution and every day WASP works to create a network and give tailored answers.

    Shapemode is a design studio specialized in digital fabrication and innovative additive printing technologies, based in Milan. When Shapemode asked us to collaborate with them on the SIKKA project, a unique project based on the innovative combination of textiles and 3D printing technology, we eagerly accepted. 


    Delta WASP 3MT prints large formats and has been strategic to achieve the final results and allow the team to go beyond experimentation, up to the final production.

    The project is based on the innovative combination of rigid materials with flexible materials and thanks to an experimental process, a 3D printed tissue was created.

    Realized by a team of architects and designers from the Polytechnic and the NUMEN Institute SIKKA opens a new era in the texile industry. The prototyping process involves 3D printing with FDM technology (3D pellet printing) on ​​elastic tissue. Once the tension has ceased, the tissue generates a selective deformation of the surface and extremely complex surface bendings. The composite tissue is folded, cut and / or laminated to obtain further aesthetic and functional effects. Although experimental this process translates into visually convincing surfaces with unique performance characteristics.

    SIKKA breaks new ground in digital textile technology and will have the honor of representing Italian innovation during next year’s Expo event to be held in the UAE from October 2020 to April 2021 and, even before that, at other national events focusing on design. The Design Competition, at its seventh edition in 2019, focuses on the creation of innovative projects and prototypes given by the collaboration between local companies and designers under the age of 35.

    Shapemode won the competition as the best of the 20 projects selected to be exhibited at Expo 2020.

    The combination of elastic and plastic tissue had already been tested in small elements, but the SIKKA project brought this experience to a large object for the first time thanks to Delta WASP 3MT printers. 

    DELTA WASP 3D printers collaborate in the investigations of the Italian Police

    Polizia scientifica

    WASP, thanks to its dealer “RS Components”, participated in the creation of an innovative 3D printing lab for the Central Anti-Crime Direction of the Italian Police.

    Rendering in 3D del Laboratorio realizzato per la Direzione centrale Anticrimine della Polizia di Stato
    Render of the Laboratory created for the Central Anti-Crime Direction of the Italian Police

    Into this innovative laboratory there are some Delta WASP 3d printers, thermoplastic filaments, fluid materials and customized electronic benches, chosen to satisfy the operators' specific needs. The 3D printing lab will be improved soon with additional technologies, to better intercept the changing needs of a constantly evolving sector like this one.

    Ingresso Laboratorio
    Laboratory entrance

    To meet the extremely specific needs and requirements of the Central Anti-Crime Direction of the Italian Police, 3D printers have been supplied with extruders both for plastic polymers (FDM) and for fluid-dense materials (LDM). Now this laboratory represents a real technological innovation hub, the only one in the Italian panorama that attracts interest from the other law enforcement agencies too.
    The printers chosen for this technological innovation hub are: Power WASP, Delta WASP 2040 TURBO2, Delta WASP 4070 INDUSTRIAL, Delta WASP 60100 and Delta WASP 4070 Pro (equipped with the Clay Kit for ceramics).

    Stampante 3d professionale Delta WASP 4070 INDUSTRIAL

    Our aim is to respond to the primary man’s needs such as home, food, energy, art, health and of course safety using the 3D printing technology.

    Visita al laboratorio del Capo della Polizia  di Stato Franco Gabrielli
    Visit to the laboratory of the Italian Police Chief Franco Gabrielli

    Delta WASP 2040 PRO


    The WASP's 3D printer icon turns in
    Delta WASP 2040 PRO

    The new Delta WASP 2040 PRO prints thermoplastic and ceramic materials
    Ideal for digital fabrication and schools.

    From micro to macro, how we funded the WASP project.

    If there is a printer that more than all embodies the 3D printing Made in Italy’s essence, this is certainly the Delta WASP 2040. Small, fast, precise: with its unique style has become hugely popular. It allowed WASP to progress in its mission to respond to human needs: home, health, energy, food, art and culture. By purchasing Delta WASP 2040 a lot of people over the years helped WASP’s project of building the BIG Delta 12M, the world’s largest 3D printer.

    The message is: "small subtle thoughts take shape".
    Working in small to dream big, that's how we financed our project. Every WASPer who bought a Delta WASP 2040 saw in small what we dreamed big. Often, by printing with the extruder for clay small imaginary dwellings.

    Delta WASP 2040, WASP's Icon

    Delta WASP 2040 is the most famous printer of the Italian company led by Massimo Moretti, now become a true icon in the world of 3D printing. Constantly evolving to meet the most complex requirements, it is now available in the new Delta WASP 2040 PRO version, fed to itself and increasingly performing in the printing of thermoplastic and ceramic materials.

    Print clay and filament in schools

    Ideal for digital fabrication, the new machine has high quality mechanics, contains all the WASP's innovation and has been designed, studied and built to meet the demands of an increasingly competitive market. Delta WASP 2040 PRO can print thermoplastic materials and clay. Positioned in a medium price range, it is also the ideal printer for the school world.

    The speed of Delta WASP 2040 TURBO2 in an entry level printer

    High print speed, reliability, high quality, are the driving factors of WASP research and development, together with the versatility and the ever increasing ease of use of the machines. The new printer is configured with the SPITFIRE EXTRUDER, extruder for fast, high quality prints.

    Delta WASP 2040 PRO technical features

    You can mount the extruder for ceramic materials LDM WASP EXTRUDER. Made of aluminum and PMMA, with non-deformable steel-loaded belts, it is equipped with an autocalibration system and a rectified printing surface that guarantees the best performance over time. The BOWDEN is suspended, to make work faster and minimize the weight on the extruder.

    Furthermore, like all WASP printers, the Delta WASP 2040 PRO contains the RESURRECTION SYSTEM, the system that automatically resumes interrupted printing in the event of accidental shutdown or sudden power failure. The FREE Z-SYSTEM allows you to restart from the height of interruption of the print. 





    “Your material, your dimension, our mission”

    Versatility, ease of use, productivity. These are the concepts that have guided the development of WASP 3D printers since the beginning and which characterize even more clearly the new Delta WASP INDUSTRIAL Line 4.0.

    It is not easy to combine versatility and ease of use, but this is the request coming from an increasingly demanding market and it is a challenge that WASP has accepted to face, ensuring on the one hand the possibility of using more and more technical materials and printing larger and larger sizes, on the other hand WASP has paid much attention to the user, introducing a series of product features that make the new printers even more user-friendly and intuitive: touch screen, on-board video tutorials, self-calibration, family feeling, remote assistance.

    A novelty of the new line compared to the previous industrial line is the entry of the smallest printer, the Delta WASP 2040 INDUSTRIAL 4.0 into the family. It goes alongside with the Delta WASP 4070 INDUSTRIAL 4.0 and the Delta WASP 3MT INDUSTRIAL 4.0.

    The new User interface allows a better user experience across the entire WASP product line; the Video tutorial on board guides the user as a sort of assistant coach on board of the machine; the Wifi module for remote control of the printer and for compatibility with Industry 4.0 allows you to manage the entire printing process from your computer; the Live view camera allows remote inspection of the current print and time-laps; the Multicore automatic extruder recognition is a system that recognizes which extruder is mounted on the printer and automatically makes the setting; the Auto calibration system is a function of the extrusion system chosen and installed on the printer. Finally, the new WASP machines allow a printing Via Usb, not only with Sd Card.

    As for the third driving factor of the new INDUSTRIAL 4.0 line, that is productivity, the WASP printers continue to offer to the market essential characteristics like: high printing speeds, high reliability, high quality and the possibility of using technical materials. Of course, the highly appreciated rescue system of the work done, remains in all the machines: End-filament sensor, Free-Z-System(cc), Resurrection System(cc).

    HOT & COLD Technology - cc

    Hot & Cold Technology is the new system of active controlling the printing thermal conditions.

    Thanks to an efficient way of heating by two internal heat sources, it is possible to ensure work temperatures up to 80 °C, without burdening the mechanical parts of the machine.

    The innovative air cooling system allows keeping the temperatures below the critical threshold of cladding materials.


    The opening scenarios are extremely interesting on the light of raising request of technical materials and application ever different. WASP takes this challenge, supporting the user in the choice of extrusion systems and offering specific solutions to meet the needs of different customers.

    Creative Commons License

    We stress on declaring that  Hot & Cold Technology, protected by Creative Commons, is now relieved.

    We declare this as being a technological innovation, a useful project; Wasp states the know-how sharing. We trust on unwritten but world-wide shared Makers rules . The approach which better corresponds to our vision is  Creative Commons, because it foresees the publication of assimilated knowledge reducing like that the exploitation from a commercial point of view.

    Licenza Creative Commons

    Hot & Cold Technology   is distribuited with License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International.

    casa stampata in 3d, muro

    3D Printing for Sustainable Living

    3D Printing for Sustainable Living

    After the construction of Gaia, the first architectural model 3D printed with raw earth using the Crane WASP, the company starts a new technological phase in view of Expo 2020.

    "Everyone in the world will have a fine, healthy, sustainable, self-sufficient and ecological home for birthright. The earth is our witness, took form in Gaia.”
    Massimo Moretti


    WASP introduces “3D Printing for Sustainable Living
    for the coming 2019, a long-term program, focused on the development of
    construction processes through 3D printing and digital fabrication,
    towards a new concept of house building.

    As already announced in the conference “A Call to save the World”, WASP runs for a collaboration with partners belonging to every sector, from architectural design to the university research, from humanitarian associations to national ministries, able to fully share the project. It proposes a strategic program of constructive activities, expressly designed for on-site 3D printing and developed through the use of local raw materials.

    Gaia, the first architectural model 3D printed using
     the innovative technology of Crane WASP and  launched in
    October 2018, is an integral part of the program and represents a case-study,
    crucial to fully understand the potentialities offered by the additive
    manufacturing in the field of construction. The mentioned construction embodies
    an advanced eco-sustainable model, especially in light of performances
    provided by the walls in terms of interior comfort and in light of cost
    , thanks to the use of raw earth and natural waste.

    WASP, aware of future
    opportunities in the field of green building, runs for representing a real
    leader of housing market thanks to technological willingness offered and
    established network of collaborators able to share and foster the project. In
    this regard, the company, available to perform the vision compatible with
    requests of each partner, intends to create an eco-district, which might
    implement the goals of “3D Printing for Sustainable Living” and put in place constructive
    strategies replicable
    in every environmental circumstances.

    Expected partners:

    • Universities of Engineering, Architecture, Economics;
    • Ministries: Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Internal, Defense, Economics and Finance, Economic Development, Food and Forestry Agricultural Policies and Tourism, Environment and Protection of Land and Sea, Infrastructure and Transport, Labor and Social Policies, Education, University and Research, Cultural Heritage and Activities, Health;
    • Humanitarian associations and Onlus;
    • Public and private authorities;
    • Banking institutions and foundations.

    “3D Printing for
    Sustainable Living” is based on the following main macro-areas:

    • Promotion of human and material resources from the territory 
    1. Employment of local manpower devoid of advanced training;
    2. Capitalization of human knowledge;
    3. Democratisation of technology for production purposes;
    4. Use of materials easily found on site;
    5. Employment of renewable energy sources.
    • Sustainability of construction process with low environmental impact
    1. Reduction in transport operations and costs with consequent logistics improvement;
    2. Reduced use of concrete;
    3. Employment of natural waste from the agricultural chain and consequent reduction of CO2 emission;
    4. Planning of the construction lifecycle;
    5. Reduction in the costs of construction.
    • Recycling materials
    1. Recycling natural waste from the agricultural chain;
    2. Rubble-recycling;
    3. Significant material saving thanks to controlled deposition.
    • Digitalization of construction site
    1. Mistakes-reduction due to on-site measuring with consequent overcoming of the traditional means of measurement;
    2. Constant definition of correct spatial coordinates;
    3. Monitoring of construction site;
    4. 3D scanning for digital data acquisition;
    5. Feedback between digital and real data; correction among possible construction issues.
    • Multi-purposes construction
    1. Achievement of high construction performances thanks to controlled material deposition;
    2. Embedding of supply facilities during construction, avoiding secondary working;
    3. Thermal insulation and natural ventilation directly on the wall construction;
    4. Coordinated use of multiple methods of digital fabrication, included CNC technology and prefab techniques.
    • Digital design
    1. Digitalization of construction project, available as a 3D printing digital file;
    2. Sharing digital contents available on the Internet;
    3. Replicability of the architectural project thanks to the versatility of 3D technology
    4. High constructive quality;
    5. Realization of architectural shapes non-realizable with ordinary methods;
    6. Employment of material optimization algorithm for construction purposes;
    7. Integrated design with BIM software.